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avicennia marina fruit

avicennia marina fruit

NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, SC, LHI SAPPI What's in a Name? Damage/Pest Mechanism/Organism; Avicennia seed moth Autoba alabastrata¹²: This is the most serious pest related mortality on mature fruits of Api-api putih. The habit is a gnarled arrangement of multiple branches. they contain a well- developed embryo. var. australasica shrublands, scrubs, woodlands and forests, Aegiceras corniculatum shrublands and scrubs, Ceriops tagal var. Avicennia marina fruit has been used as traditional food. In some classifications, it has been placed in the family Verbenaceae, but more recently has been placed by some botanists in the monogeneric family Avicenniaceae. Impensis Joannis Regis, Basel. Further chemical investigation of the fruits of the mangrove, Avicennia marina, afforded three new phenylethyl glycosides, marinoids J–L (1–3), and a new cinnamoyl glycoside, marinoid M (4).The structures of isolates were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis and by comparison of the data with those of related secondary metabolites. Struik, Cape Town. ); mangal, towozi, txomahati (Xironga); isikhungathi (isiXhosa, isiZulu) - these from Van Wyk et al. Another variety, Avicennia marina var. With that background it is hardly surprising that I have never seen nor heard of anyone trying to grow the white mangrove in a garden. Mabberley's Plant-book, edn 3. resinifera fruit. Plants like Avicennia alba Blume (a variant to A. marina), A. marina, A. nitida and A. officinalis are reported to have been widely used against treatment of many diseases which are documented and presented in Table 2. Name Search . They thus sailed past all the Avicennia localities in the Atlantic without stopping, and only made landfall in the Indian Ocean. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Avicennia marina. Derivation of Name: The genus Avicennia is named after one of the greatest luminaries of mediaeval Islamic science, the Persian physician, naturalist, philosopher and mathematician Abu Ali Husain Ibn Abd Allah (Abu Ali Alhosain Ibn Sina, 980-1037 AD). This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World. The specific epithet marina refers to the habitat of the white mangrove, at the edge of the sea. Not registered yet? Fruit a green, oval, two-valved capsule 20-25 mm diam. Gillett, J.B. & McDonald, P.G. Salvius, Stockholm. Struik, Cape Town. Duke, N.C. 1991. Although Avicennia is about the most cold-tolerant of the mangroves, it still needs warmth. Bark pale yellowish green, with raised dots, flaking. As in other widespread mangrove genera, there are different species with non-overlapping distributions in the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ocean basins. Genus: Avicennia L. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Flora & Fauna Publications Trust, Durban. 1967. ... Next taxon: Avicennia marina var. Fruit: +- 2 cm diam, ovoid. Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae).As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. As with all proper mangroves, the seeds germinate on the tree, and what is dropped and dispersed is actually a seedling. ); witseebasboom (Afr. Leaves measure up to 8 cm in length and 5 cm in width. Calyx 2.5–3 mm long. Tea prepared from the bark of some species is believed to treat a variety of digestive issues, including peptic ulcers, diarrhea, and hemorrhoids, as well as to relieve rheumatic pain. Flora Zeylanica. ; seed developing on the tree, fruit usually splitting after falling; water-dispersed. Fruits with germinating seeds may float in salt water for 5 months without losing their viability. The first recognizable account of the genus Avicennia was published by Caspar Bauhin (1623), though he confused our tree with a mango, and cited even earlier herbals by, among others, Garcia de Orta, who probably saw both trees in India. ; seed solitary, germinating before fruit falls. 1970. Environmental factors influencing distribution include position on the tidal plane, soil type, freshwater seepage and drainage. Coast Bone Fruit Coast Wattle Coastal Saltbush Desert Lime Desert Raisin Finger Lime Grey Mangrove Grey Saltbush Lemon Myrtle Marsh Cress Midyim ... Avicennia marina . eucalyptifolia: Avicennia marina subsp. We predicted that, for the mangrove Avicennia marina in temperate southeast Australia, pollinator diversity would be low and its pollination system modified by the exotic honeybee Apis mellifera. A systematic revision of the mangrove genus Avicennia (Avicenniaceae) in Australasia. Avicennia marina fruit peeled, to separate material from the caterpillars and to eliminate the stigma. marina. Further chemical investigation of the fruits of the mangrove, Avicennia marina, afforded three new phenylethyl glycosides, marinoids J-L (1-3), and a new cinnamoyl glycoside, marinoid M (4). All rights reserved. TESTS OF WATER EXTRACT FROM Avicennia marina FRUITS IN MICE Gao Xiu-mei* Han Wei-Dong Yu Zen-ji Agricultural College, Guangdong Ocean University,Zhanjiang 524088,China Received : November , 4, 2007 : Accepted : January, 15, 2008 ABSTRACT The acute toxicity and mutagenesis of water extract from Avicennia marina fruits in mice were studied Description: Small tree or shrub up to 9 m high, branches, inflorescences and lower surface of leaves greyish or silvery; pneumatophores numerous and projecting from the shallow lateral roots. Briza Academic, Pretoria. It boiled in 800 ml of distilled water and temperature of 90 [degrees]C for 60 minutes. & Van Wyk, P. 1997. Family: Avicenniaceae. Common Name: Grey Mangrove. Around Kosi Bay, the leafy branches provide closures for fish traps, and further north in East Africa the hard, yellow-brown wood is used for making the ribs of dhows (traditional Arab sailing vessel). Gomes e Sousa, A. resinifera (G. Balkema, Cape Town.Raimondo, D., Von Staden, L. Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. (2011); Gomes e Sousa (1967) gives nhamesso (Xironga) and mussu (Quimuane) for Mozambique. Vierh. var. However almost all mangroves are threatened by over-exploitation in parts of their range (such as Arabia and India), and this one is no exception. The fruits were collected in new polythene bags and surface sterilized with 1% mercuric chloride solution. Thus, in contrast to most terrestrial plants, upon abscis- sion from maternal support there is no dormant stage. Pohon ini mempunyai manfaat yang sangat beragam antara lain untuk bioformalin, kayu bakar, Other Australian states: Qld Vic. Burhanuddin, Amran Saru, Alexander Rantetondok, Elmi Nurhaida Zainuddin. Mangrove that can filter and reduce the level of heavy metal pollution in marine waters is Avicennia marina (api-api) by means of accumulating the heavy metals (absorption and storage in the organs of leaves, roots and stems). Avicennia marina subsp. Plant Material: The fruit of healthy Avicennia . austral is shrublands and scrubs and Rhizophora atylosa shrublands and scrubs. Distribution and occurrence: Grows in saltwater swamps and estuaries, most common and widespread mangrove in N.S.W. Leaves leathery with lamina narrow-obovate to obovate or elliptic, 3.5–12 cm long, 1–4 cm wide, apex acute … (2011); Gomes e Sousa (1967) gives nhamesso (Xironga) and mussu (Quimuane) for Mozambique. Bibtex As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. DISCUSSION The phase of dispersal in the life history of Avicennia marina is relatively short because the propagules are cryptoviviparous, i.e. Wildlife Society of South Africa, Durban. They are oval, pointed and arranged opposite one another on the stems. Raimondo et al. Leaves leathery with lamina narrow-obovate to obovate or elliptic, 3.5–12 cm long, 1–4 cm wide, apex acute or sometimes obtuse or acuminate, base cuneate, margins entire, upper surface usually glabrous, lower surface greyish or silvery hairy; petiole 5–10 mm long. This is a pioneer mangrove, and among the first to colonise open tidal habitats, later being restricted to the more inland parts of the swamp where conditions are at their most extreme. Coates Palgrave, M. 2002. ; Infected fruit will be attached to a nearby stem by a web produced by larvae. The taxonomic placement of Avicennia is contentious. Grey Mangrove, White Mangrove. ); mangal, towozi, txomahati (Xironga); isikhungathi (isiXhosa, isiZulu) - these from Van Wyk et al. It drained to reduce the water which is remained on the fruit after boiling. Bauhin, C. 1623. Flowering Time: Jun--Aug Note: First planted in 1960s, then weedy, extirpation failed in 1990. Vierh. In HSC; Community W (321.0 ha) Predominantly on quaternary alluvium of the Hawkesbury River and larger tributaries in HSC. & Pammenter, N.W. Flowers creamy yellow, small, in dense round heads in leaf axils or terminally, on short, square stalks, sweetly scented. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. The leaves are glossy green above with a distinctive pale and slightly hairy, … Every travel agent's idea of a tropical paradise involves white, palm-fringed beaches and "the murmur of summer seas" - but what are those trees with the startlingly white trunks between the palms, down by the river mouth? In the mangroves of southern Africa. Avicennia marina var. In Avicennia spp., the fruit coat splits at or shortly after the time of dispersal, releasing an embryo with thick, fleshy cotyledons folded in opposite directions (Tomlinson, 1986; Tamaei, 2000). Trees of southern Africa. Extensive underground root system with 'pencil roots' (pneumatophores or breathing roots) up to 90 mm long, sticking up out of the mud in dense stands spreading out from tree. Small to medium-sized tree (3-11 m), main trunk straight, up to 76 cm in diameter, with much branched, rounded crown. Glen, H.F. 2004. Soil requirements for this tree are unknown, but probably include anaerobic mud. Description: Small tree or shrub up to 9 m high, branches, inflorescences and lower surface of leaves greyish or silvery; pneumatophores numerous and projecting from the shallow lateral roots. You have a small, cold, water-wise garden? australasica. Capsule compressed, 20–30 mm diam. Corolla white turning golden-coloured; tube 1–2 mm long; lobes 3–4 mm long. Mabberley, D.J. Unusually among mangroves, these trees can exude excess salt through their leaves, and it is not uncommon to find salt crystals adhering to the leaves. Boon, R. 2010. That the earliest published reference should be to an Indian Ocean species and not to an Atlantic one is not remarkable when one considers the route that the early Portuguese and Dutch traders used between Europe and India. Red List of South African Plants 2009. Van Rheede tot Drakenstein, H. 1678--1693. The breathing roots cover a vast area, much larger than the crown, and in nature they tend to crowd out anything else between them. Avicennia marina leaves, seeds, flowers, stems and Rhizophora mucronata leaves indicate the presence of, Steroids, Tannins, Glycosides, Carbohydrates Saponnins, Sterols, Terpenoids and Phenol. Linnaeus, C. 1754. Larvae of Autoba alabastrata feed on mature fruit by boring into the fruit and eating the fruit’s embryo. Palmer, E. & Pitman, N. 1973. Avicennia marina var. Vierh. It has been reported to tolerate extreme weather conditions, high winds, and various pests and diseases. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. But it grow on mangrove which is highly polluted. resinifera, fruit A.marina és una espècie molt variable amb molts ecotipus. Government Printer, Nairobi. (2009). Instituto de Investigação Agronômica de Moçambique, Lourenço Marques. resinifera fruit Grey mangrove is a highly variable tree, with a number of ecotypes, and in forms closely resembling other species. Forst.) However the use mentioned by Gomes e Sousa above suggests that it might be possible if the garden in question includes a large, subtropical swamp. The seeds start germinating while still attached to the tree, but the embryo stays within the fruit until fruit fall. & Manyama, P.A. Leaves opposite, 30-100 x 12-40 mm, thick, leathery, shiny olive green above, with dense grey hairs beneath, margin entire with sharply or bluntly pointed tip, base narrowing, petiole short (5 mm long). The Kiswahili name Uchu (coastal Kenyan) and Mtswi (Giriyama) are recorded on herbarium specimens, as are many other vernacular names within its vast range. Avicennia marina var. Van Wyk, A.E. This also explains the lack of overlap between the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ranges of the genus. Genera Plantarum edn 5. Login to add your Comment And finally, being a mangrove this tree needs prodigious amounts of water. Click here to register. eucalyptifolia : Description:Flower: Description:Fruit : Location:Aeroglen, North Queensland: Location: Jack Barnes Airport Boardwalk, Cairns, North Queensland : GPS coordinates:16˚54.027S,145˚45.173E: GPS coordinates: 16˚53.015S 145˚45.667E : Date of photo:29 December 2007 Linnaeus, C. 1747. Avicennia marina merupakan salah satu jenis mangrove yang dapat tumbuh di rawa-rawa air tawar, tepi pantai berlumpur, daerah mangrove, hingga pada substrat yang berkadar garam sangat tinggi. As with other Avicennia species, it has Dictionary of names for southern African trees. The genus Avicennia includes between 4 and 14 species, depending on the limits one adopts for a species. Before experimenting, please be aware that every swamp where this tree grows naturally in South Africa is protected and you will need a permit to collect seed in this country, or an import permit and phytosanitary certificates to bring seed in from elsewhere in its range. N.T. Common names: white mangrove (Eng. Field guide to trees of southern Africa. Berjak, P., Campbell, G.K., Huckett, B.I. Cymes dense, in upper axils or arranged in terminal panicles; peduncles angular, 10–25 mm long. (2020). Quite on the contrary, the grey mangrove is the most wide-spread found mangrove in Australia, this is because the Grey Mangrove can endure fairly cool temperatures. Strelitzia 25. Keith Coates Palgrave's Trees of southern Africa. 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The entire South African flora for avicennia marina fruit essentially totally unsuited to cultivation distilled water and temperature of [... 3.5–12 cm long, 1–4 cm wide, apex acute … Avicennia (... M high, though trees of 10 to 15 m are common in Queensland under conditions..., flaking fruits were collected in New polythene bags and surface sterilized with %! Marina refers to the habitat of the white mangrove, at the then University of is! Measure up to 8 cm in width fruit after boiling subtended by hook-like outgrowth that remains fruit! Grow better in fresh water if there is no dormant stage other species 10 to 15 m are common Queensland..., 3.5–12 cm long, 1–4 cm wide, apex acute … Avicennia marina ( Forssk. proper,. In HSC de Investigação Agronômica de Moçambique, Lourenço Marques a distinctive pale and slightly hairy, … marina! Es reconeixen tres subespècies: Burhanuddin, Amran Saru, Alexander Rantetondok, Elmi Nurhaida Zainuddin species is,... Wide, apex acute … Avicennia marina fruit peeled, to separate material from caterpillars... Avicennia localities in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas is shrublands and scrubs Rhizophora! In leaf axils or terminally, on short, square stalks, sweetly.... Avicennia ( avicenniaceae ) distribution: Coastal New South Wales along estuarine environments indigenous to Kenya &! Una espècie molt variable amb molts ecotipus weather conditions, high winds, and only landfall. Probably include anaerobic mud capsule, loculicidal, generally dehiscing explosively, valves 2, the. Mangrove generally grows to 25 m high, though trees of 10 15... Latinized his name as 'Avicenna ' been reported to tolerate extreme weather conditions, high winds, and its range... In leaf axils or terminally, on short, square stalks, sweetly scented germinate on the,. Made difficult by the great variations in form of Avicennia benefit ecosystems in a number ecotypes! Saline, and trees may grow better in fresh water if there is no competition or,... Is accepted, and in forms closely resembling other species months without losing their viability: Jun Aug... Mortality on mature fruit by boring into the fruit ’ s embryo resinifera, fruit A.marina és una molt... Proper mangroves, it occurs in the Indian ocean: Acanthaceae ( prev has smooth light-grey bark made up thin... Dots, flaking with lamina narrow-obovate to obovate or elliptic, 3.5–12 cm long, 1–4 cm wide, acute. Requirements for this tree needs prodigious amounts of water of Avicennia benefit ecosystems in number! Dots, flaking human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions HSC ; Community W 321.0..., small, cold, water-wise garden capsule 20-25 mm diam Avicennia benefit ecosystems in a number ecotypes... Preparation of a brown dye of multiple branches as many of the white mangrove, at the edge of mangrove! Avicennia includes between 4 and 14 species, depending on the fruit and eating the fruit eating..., upon abscis- sion from maternal support there is no competition up of thin, stiff brittle... The tidal plane, soil type, freshwater seepage and drainage as other! ’ or ‘ Bruguiera ’ types are, H. 1678 -- 1693 water need not saline... Depending on the fruit after boiling 1 % mercuric chloride solution refers to the habitat of the genus Avicennia between! Fruit after boiling, Lourenço Marques to termites has Avicennia marina (.! Flowers creamy yellow, small, in dense round heads in leaf axils or terminally, on,. Curiously, experiments at the then University of Durban-Westville ( G.S soil requirements for tree. The habit is a highly variable tree, with a number of ecotypes, and native., experiments at the edge of the half-dozen worst ideas in the Atlantic without stopping, forms! A small, cold, water-wise garden their viability turning golden-coloured ; tube 1–2 mm.. Light-Grey bark made up of thin, stiff, brittle flakes Alexander Rantetondok, Nurhaida! Creamy yellow, small, cold, water-wise garden Western academics Latinized his name as 'Avicenna ' a!, 1–4 cm wide, apex acute … Avicennia marina var subtended by outgrowth. Molt variable amb molts ecotipus: Burhanuddin, Amran Saru, Alexander,. Avicennia is about the most cold-tolerant of the Hawkesbury River and larger tributaries in HSC Community. A seedling, G.K., Huckett, B.I apex acute … Avicennia marina - grey mangrove generally grows 25... Never seen a diseased tree of this species is made difficult by great... Or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions L. Avicennia marina - mangrove!: 1 -- 4 [ + ], each generally subtended by outgrowth. High salinity and freshwater habitats SC, LHI other Australian states: Vic... Spreading leafy crown and mussu ( Quimuane ) for Mozambique Jordaan, M. 2011 explosively valves..., Lourenço Marques Huckett, B.I needs warmth opposite one another on fruit!, like that of many mangroves, the members of Avicennia benefit ecosystems in a number of ecotypes, only... With other Avicennia species, depending on the tree, fruit A.marina és una molt... Panicles ; peduncles angular, 10–25 mm long ; lobes 3–4 mm long trees a! Not be saline, and only made landfall in the Indian ocean you are a human visitor and eliminate... Amounts of water grey mangrove is a highly variable tree, and various pests and diseases World. Narrow-Obovate to obovate or elliptic, 3.5–12 cm long, 1–4 cm wide, apex …... With raised dots, flaking totally unsuited to cultivation a distinctive pale and slightly,! Whitish, a characteristic described in the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ocean basins entire South African for! Valves 2 and slightly hairy, … Avicennia marina var widespread mangrove genera, there are different avicennia marina fruit with distributions... Human visitor and to eliminate the stigma Jordaan, M. & Jordaan M....: Avicennia L. Avicennia marina fruit peeled, to separate material from the and!, most common and widespread mangrove genera, there are different species with non-overlapping distributions in the intertidal zones estuarine!

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