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South Africa - South Africa - Conservation: The country contains more than a dozen national parks. Forests are Once found almost continuously along the KwaZulu-Natal coast. [4], Eco-tourism is the most viable and sustainable option for the forests of Kwazulu-Natal, and several government, private and non-government projects to ensure this are underway or in the planning stages. evergreen trees, and beneath it the vegetation is multi-layered. Of this 10.2% ( 947,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. [5][6], Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets, "Ongoye Forest Project: Preserving SA culture for the community", "KwaZulu-Natal Top Business | Umuziwabantu Municipality", List of Southern African indigenous trees and woody lianes, List of marine animals of the Cape Peninsula and False Bay, List of seaweeds of the Cape Peninsula and False Bay, Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands, Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests, Nieuwoudtville-Roggeveld Dolerite Renosterveld, Richtersveld Sandy Coastal Scorpionstailveld, Southern Namaqualand Quartzite Klipkoppe Shrubland, Southern Richtersveld Inselberg Shrubland, Stinkfonteinberge Eastern Apron Shrubland, Pondoland-Natal Sandstone Coastal Sourveld, Subantarctic Biotic Herbfield and Grassland, Addo Elephant National Park Marine Protected Area, Namaqua National Park Marine Protected Area, Table Mountain National Park Marine Protected Area, Agulhas Bank Complex Marine Protected Area, Browns Bank Complex Marine Protected Area, iSimangaliso Offshore Marine Protected Area, Namaqua Fossil Forest Marine Protected Area, Prince Edward Islands Marine Protected Area, Southeast Atlantic Seamounts Marine Protected Area, Southwest Indian Seamounts Marine Protected Area, Port Elizabeth Corals Marine Protected Area, Department of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries, Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality, South African Association for Marine Biological Research, South African Environmental Observation Network, South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Percy FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology Virtual Museum, University of KwaZulu-Natal Botanical Garden, List of authors of South African botanical taxa, List of authors of South African animal taxa, Environmental impact of recreational diving, International Union for Conservation of Nature, South African Sustainable Seafood Initiative, National Environmental Management Act, 1998, National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, 10 of 2004, National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Management Act, 24 of 2008, National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act, 57 of 2003, List of field guides to South African biota, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Forests_of_KwaZulu-Natal&oldid=991325499, Articles with dead external links from March 2013, Short description is different from Wikidata, South Africa articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 13:38. This forest type occurs along natural waterways, even in dry areas that would not normally support forest. Forests have been a source of medicinal plants for hundreds of years. The Republic of South Africa is in the southernmost region of the continent. Impressive in stature and … And of course, chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes).These intelligent primates have 98.4% of their DNA common with humans. International Forest Day falls on the exact same day as Human Rights Day in South Africa, so it’s mostly ignored. The grassland biome is found mainly on the high central plateau of South Africa, … Klipspringer Best known are the mammals, and the best known of these are the famous Big Five: elephant, lion, rhino, leopard and buffalo. Once found almost continuously along the coastal dunes of KwaZulu-Natal. Unique trees include Lebombo wattle (Newtonia hildebrandtii), red-heart tree (Hymenocardia ulmoides), lavender-leaved croton (Croton pseudopulchellus) and stink bushwillow (Pteleopsis myrtifolia). The Knysna and Amatole Mountain forests make up the Knysna-Amatole Montane Forest ecoregion, the southernmost Afromontane forest in Africa. Elephants are among the largest terrestrial animals in the world. [3] Another species for closer study is Celtis africana, which is fast-growing and can be used for furniture and panelling. high humidity, but under extremely hot and dry conditions fires may occur and The water fig (Ficus verruculosa) and Kosi palm (Raphia australis) are characteristic species in Maputaland. South Africa Forest Information and Data According to the U.N. FAO, 7.6% or about 9,241,000 ha of South Africa is forested, according to FAO. The forest South African rainforest facts: Tropical rainforests cover about 2 million km² of Africa.You’ll only find more rainforest in the Amazon (6 million km²). Africa’s Top 10 Deadliest Animals | Budget Safaris to Africa The large flying fox (Pteropus vampyrus) is one of the largest species of bats in … Between 1800 and 2000, people destroyed about 40% of South Africa’s forests. Today many indigenous forests have been replaced by plantations of alien trees (e.g. The larvae are gregarious and can strip the leaves of the host plant within weeks. They may form a transition zone between mangrove forest and swamp forest. Forests rarely burn, mainly due to the Scientists are exploring a lost rainforest hidden in a Mozambique volcano for the first time ... Swaziland, South Africa and the United Kingdom. The large-leaved dragon tree (Dracaena aletriformis) is also found here. The term ‘Big Five’ is used to describe the power and strength of the animals. Some of these animals find most or all of their food high in the trees of the canopy so that they will rarely, if ever, need to go to the rainforest floor. There are a number of endemic birds, reptiles, and amphibians. Forest soils are normally low in nutrients. mitigate natural hazards such as floods. [1] Most of the larger forests are now protected, but some small scale timber extraction by local communities still takes place. Found in secluded valleys in the KwaZulu-Natal Midlands. Tropical rain forests grow around the equator in South America, Africa, and Southeast Asia. Fires can also be blocked by cliff faces and rocks or boulders on these slopes, and by streams or rivers at the base of the slopes. Several Big Five reserves protect the more charismatic large mammals associated with the African savannah. The powder-puff tree (Barringtonia racemosa) and the wild cotton tree (Hibiscus tiliaceus) are sometimes classed as mangrove trees, but grow mostly along estuaries that are less tidal. Cheetah. Its long coastline stretches along the South Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean for more than 2,400 kilometers (1,500 miles). Many are locally adapted subspecies of animals found further north in Tropical Africa, such as the blue duiker and Samango monkey, but some are local endemic species like the dwarf chameleons (Bradypodion spp. Characteristic tree species include yellowwoods (Afrocarpus falcatus and Podocarpus latifolius), mountain hard pear (Olinia emarginata) and Cape beech (Rapanea melanophloeos). In South Africa, 0.4% of the country’s landmass is covered by natural forests – around half a million hectares (ha) with a further 39 million ha covered by savannah woodland systems. This year, however, Forestry South Africa launched a brand-new, illustration-rich website called Forestry Explained.Aimed at people of all ages, this website has everything you ever wanted to know about forestry in our country. Bush lily (Clivia miniata), blood lily (Scadoxus puniceus), mother-in-law's-tongue (Sanseveria hyacinthoides), white paintbrush (Haemanthus albiflos), forest commelina (Coleotrype natalensis), small chlorophytum (Chlorophytum modestum), buckweed (Isoglossa woodii), many species of Plectranthus including Plectranthus ambiguus, Plectranthus ecklonii, and Plectranthus fruticosus. densely packed. Areas of forest which grow in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa mostly on south facing slopes in higher rainfall areas, and along the humid coastal areas. Different types of forest can be identified by their species composition which depends mostly on the altitude, latitude and substrate (soil and rock types) in which they grow. invorma.com/10-kinds-of-tropical-rainforest-animals-with-pictures The coastal regions are conducive to forest formation, because of high rainfall and humidity which are favoured by forest trees and also help to prevent or subdue fires. competition driven system. African rainforests are being lost to deforestation at a rate of 0.3% every year – that’s 40 hectares per minute (whilst slower than the Amazon and South East Asia, this is still deeply worrying). Non-flowering plants include; the ground cycad (Encephalartos villosus), stangeria cycad (Stangeria eriopus) and various mosses and ferns. There are some most impressive South Africa animals! Mosses and ferns may also grow as epiphytes. Not that giraffe, hippo or whale are small … South Africa’s bushveld and savannah regions are still home to large numbers of the mammals universally associated with Africa. dynamics are very competition driven and aids in high speciation and adaptation. The extra moisture on the south slopes is not only favoured by forest trees, but also helps to prevent or subdue wildfires. Wildlife in South Africa. Animals that inhabit the rainforest canopy include Lemurs, Spider Monkeys, Sloths, Toucans, Orangutans and Parrots. Top South Africa Parks & Nature Attractions: See reviews and photos of parks, gardens & other nature attractions in South Africa on Tripadvisor. Coastal scarp and mistbelt forests were the main source of timber in South Africa before the advent of exotic timber plantations. African forest elephants, declared their own species separate from the bush elephants of more open country, roam the deep timber of the Congo Basin, following well-worn paths to … More than one million square miles of woodland is ablaze. Found in secluded valleys in the Drakensberg area. Grassland Biome. The term was coined last century as these five animals were the most difficult to be hunted on foot. Characteristic trees are; yellowwoods (including Afrocarpus falcatus, Podocarpus latifolius and Podocarpus henkelii), Natal krantz ash (Atalaya natalensis), red stinkwood (Prunus Africana), sneezwood (Ptaeroxylon obliquum) and forest elder (Nuxia floribunda). Recent studies have shown that Africa’s elephant population consists of two different species: the African bush elephant and the smaller African forest elephant. Mountain cypress (Widdringtonia nodiflora) may occur on the forest margins. As you can tell from the name, it rains a lot in these forests. These forests are vulnerable to flooding and many were destroyed by Cyclone Domoina. ), Natal forest tree frog and bush squeaker frog. Species include the black mangrove (Bruguiera gymnorhiza), red mangrove (Rhizophora mucronata) and white mangrove (Avicennia marina). Various forest types can be distinguished, but many of these overlap or integrate with each other for example; coastal dune forest can fade into coastal lowland forest, which can in turn fade into riverine forest. Various lianas and climbers are also common plants in these forests. South facing slopes are favourable for the development of forest as they are more shaded, and therefore cooler and retain more moisture than the northern slopes. Notable endemic varieties include the Black Oystercatcher, Blue Crane, Cape Parrot, Cape Vulture, Forest Canary, Ground Woodpecker, Jackal Buzzard, Knysna Turaco, Namaqua Sandgrouse, Protea Seedeater, Southern Bald Ibis, Southern Pale Chanting Goshawk, Whitebacked Mousebird, and the Yellow-breasted Pipit. FOREST fires in Africa are now more intense than those burning down large tracts of the Amazon rainforest. Jungle and rainforest holidays The planet’s most spectacularly fecund greenbelt jungles, are home to an extraordinary wealth of flora that supports some of the most eye-popping fauna of every shape, shade and size imaginable. Various fig trees are found here including Ficus sur and Ficus trichopoda, as well as the wild swamp poplar (Macaranga capensis). The forest tree fern (Cyathea capensis) is also found in these forests. Londolozi is situated on the Sand River, in the heart of … Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Firstly, there are the ‘ Big Five ’: elephant, buffalo, leopard, lion and the rhino. Many are locally adapted subspecies of animals found further north in Tropical Africa, such as the blue duiker and Samango monkey, but some are local endemic species like the dwarf chameleons (Bradypodion spp. Also, they prefer living in dense forest areas as they tend to be uncomfortable to dwell in open spaces. Importance: The butterfly is in so large numbers that they act as a major food source for various birds and some animals in the forest system. While its coastline is lush, the rest of its geography is vast, flat, sparsely populated, and dry. Female lions do almost all of … The Blue duiker, red duiker, bushbuck, nyala, bushpig, leopard and Samango monkey. The canopy cover of forests is constant, comprising mostly Attempts to grow indigenous trees as timber plantations have so far proven economically unviable compared to exotics, but more research is needed. South Africa is one of the world’s most diverse countries. Plants and animals are wildly adapted to overcome competition and cope in this frequent Both of these species could be used as cover for slower-growing forest hardwoods which could be interplanted for more long-term production of more valuable timber. South Africa is home to approximately 175 endemic bird species, as well as hundreds more species. The Natal cycad (Encephalartos natalensis) may occur on the forest edges, usually among rocks. Some grasses also grow in open forest and glades such as basket grass (Oplismenus hirtellus), broad-leaved panicum (Panicum deustum) and broad-leaved bristle grass (Setaria megaphylla). The mosquito is one of the deadliest animals in Africa, killing more than a million people every year by transmitting dengue fever, malaria and other diseases. The largest, Kruger National Park in Limpopo and Mpumalanga provinces, is noted for its populations of rhinoceroses, elephants, and buffalo, as well as a variety of other wildlife. The temperature is stable year-round, around 27°C (60° Fahrenheit). Until recently, all elephants in Africa were considered to be the same species, the African elephant. Various bird species feed on the larvae, and they are a important food source in the forest ecosystem. Trees were harvested for timber and coastal forests were destroyed to plant sugarcane. Londolozi Lodge – Sabi Sand Game Reserve. forest floor is dominated by shade dominate plant, mosses and fungi. Western African Rainforest The rainforests of Sierra Leone contain wildlife like leopards, forest buffaloes, forest elephants, duiker antelopes, colobus monkeys, white-breated guineafowls and rufous fishing owls. Narina trogon (Apaloderma narina), purple-crested turaco (Tauraco porphyreolophus), forest weaver (Ploceus bicolor), crowned eagle (Stephanoaetus coronatus), spotted ground-thrush (Zoothera guttata), orange thrush (Zoothera gurneyi) and Delegorgue's pigeon (Columba delegorguei). ), Natal forest tree frog and bush squeaker frog. It is estimated that more than 2100 tonnes of medicinal plants are extracted from forest areas in KwaZulu-Natal each year, which is projected to be unsustainable. Animals include Bushpig, Bushbuck, monkeys, Knysna Loeries, pigeons and eagles. Characteristic trees are: coastal red milkwood (Mimusops caffra), coast silver oak (Brachylaena discolor), dune soap-berry (Deinbollia oblongifolia) and Natal wild banana (Strelitzia nicolai). Even though they cover only a small part of the earth, they house at least one half of all species. http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL78E394AB4F777BA1&feature=plcpFor more Wildlife Documentaries. Trees include: white stinkwood (Celtis africana), forest bushwillow (Combretum krausii) and umzimbeet (Millettia grandis). The canopy also acts as a … Found on ancient inland sand dunes in Maputaland in the north of KwaZulu-Natal. Several animals are adapted to living in these forests. [1] Giant yellowwoods and stinkwoods were the most sought-after trees. destroy the forest structure. Found around the edges of lowland lakes and streams. There are very few places in South Africa that are affected by malaria, though. Last month, South Africa's Department of Environmental Affairs approved the declaration of 20 marine protected areas, collectively covering 50,000 … Matches mistletoe (Tapinanthus kraussianus), hairy-lipped polystachya (Polystachya pubescens), leopard orchid (Ansellia africana), other orchids such as; Mystacidium capense, Mystacidium venosum, Polystachya ottoniana, Angraecum conchiferum, Cyrtorchis arcuata and Diapananthe caffra. Black-eyed susan (Thunbergia alata), wild cucumber (Coccinia palmata), climbing bamboo (Flagellaria guineensis) and flame lily (Gloriosa superba). Most tropical f… The water holes of South Africa usually remain crowded with these animals. Trees found here include; flat-crown (Albizia adianthifolia), coastal goldenleaf (Bridelia micrantha), red beech (Protorhus longifolia), forest mahogany (Trichilia dregeana), forest fever-berry (Croton sylvaticus) and wild date palm (Phoenix reclinata). [2] A promising species is the fast-growing Trema orientalis which is appropriate for paper and pulp production; producing paper with good tensile strength and folding endurance. This type is found on slopes and in secluded valleys between the coast and the Mistbelt. Trees found here include; Ficus sycomorus, Ficus polita, quinine tree (Rauvolfia caffra) and fever tree (Acacia xanthophloea). However, these forests have a long history of human use. The African bush elephant is herbivorous, eating a wide variety of plant matter. List of forests of South Africa, among other terms used it usually means "an area with a high … A wide range of herbaceous plants are found in the forests, either as ground cover or in the trees as epiphytes. This butterfly adapted to survive in the forest ecosystem by having a fast life … Occurs in favourable tidal estuaries along the coast. Elephant. The rivers of the coastal areas are also broader than further inland, which may often prevent fires from spreading long distances, and fires generally burn uphill and therefore more often away from areas at low altitude. A forest is usually an area filled with trees is tall and pine trees). The Kruger National Park alone has well over 10 000 elephants and 20 000 buffaloes – in 1920 there were an estimated 120 elep… Several animals are adapted to living in these forests. Large Flying Fox. They have the highest species diversity per area in the world, containing millions of different species. Comparison of the biophysical and economic water-use efficiencies of indigenous and introduced forests in South Africa 6 June, 2011 Water resources in many catchments in South Africa (SA) are over committed and water is projected to become scarcer. they store carbon, aid in regulating the planetary climate, purify water and central to all human life because they provide a diverse range of resources: The male nyala weighs up to 114 kg and is up to 110 cm tall, while the female, 58 kg and 90 cm. If you thought that the only animals whose lives are endangered are elephants and rhinos, … Eastern green mamba, forest cobra and Gaboon adder. Once found almost continuously along the South Atlantic Ocean and the United Kingdom 1 ] most of the rainforest. Fern ( Cyathea capensis ) mangrove ( Avicennia marina ) vegetation is multi-layered common with humans containing millions of species. 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Ficus sycomorus, Ficus polita, quinine tree ( Acacia xanthophloea ) all of … Africa! These Five animals were the most difficult to be hunted on foot Ocean and the United Kingdom grow! Avicennia marina ) of … South Africa is in the world ’ s most diverse countries rains a lot these! Pan troglodytes ).These intelligent primates have 98.4 % of South Africa - Conservation the... % of South Africa usually remain crowded with these animals but also helps prevent... Some small scale timber extraction by local communities still takes place Ficus polita, quinine tree ( xanthophloea... A long history of Human use lot in these forests and Southeast Asia duiker, red duiker, red (., stangeria cycad ( stangeria eriopus ) and fever tree ( Rauvolfia caffra and! Miles of woodland is ablaze are affected by malaria, though also helps to or! Name, it rains a lot in these forests have been a source of medicinal plants hundreds. Five animals were the main source of timber in South Africa ’ s diverse!

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