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fennel scientific name and family

fennel scientific name and family

The seeds and swollen bulb-like stems are the edible components. Apiaceae or Umbelliferae is a family of mostly aromatic flowering plants named after the type genus Apium and commonly known as the celery, carrot or parsley family, or simply as umbellifers. The common fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill) is native to the Mediterranean and it comes in two varieties. sweet fennel This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. In the scientific classification of plants from kingdom to species, the Fennel Kingdom is an important factor in the taxonomy of plants. Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a species in the genus Foeniculum (treated as the sole species by many botanists), and is native to southern Europe (especially the Mediterranean) and southwestern Asia.It is a member of the family Apiaceae, formerly the Umbelliferae.. [8], In the 15th century, Portuguese settlers on Madeira noticed the abundance of wild fennel, and used the Portuguese word funcho (fennel) and the suffix -al to form the name of a new town, Funchal.[9]. Fennel names Scientific name: Foeniculum Vulglre Miller. There is evidence that the plant was known of as far back as 5000 years … The roots are large, thick and white and are carrot shaped root produces a stout, pithy, finely grooved stem with fine buish stripes. Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. Fact Sheet. [11], Fennel fruits are sometimes confused with those of anise, which are similar in taste and appearance, though smaller. Tarla Dalal. The fennel fruits (often referred to as “fennel seeds”) are particularly popular. The Latin word for the plant was ferula, which is now used as the genus name of a related plant. History and Traditional Uses Long loved for their culinary uses, fennel seeds are used to flavor pickles, liqueurs, breads, and candies. The fruits are used in cookery and sweet desserts.[25]. azoricum. In North America, fennel may be found growing in the same habitat and alongside natives osha (Ligusticum porteri) and Lomatium species, useful medicinal relatives in the parsley family. [29] In 2014, India produced 60% of the world output of fennel, with China and Bulgaria as leading secondary producers (table). Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. the scientific name for cotton seed tree is Cochlospermum vitifoliun. Florence fennel or finocchio (UK: /fɪˈnɒkioʊ/, US: /-ˈnoʊk-/, Italian: [fiˈnɔkkjo]) is a selection with a swollen, bulb-like stem base that is used as a vegetable. It has delicate and … Unlike seed fennel, bulb fennel is a small herb reaching just up to … The bulb is a crisp vegetable that can be sautéed, stewed, braised, grilled, or eaten raw. Images You can also know the genus of all the plants which fall under List of Herbs. In addition to the fact that they share a similar flavor, what often creates confusion among these two plants/foods is that fennel is often referred to as anise. Fennel fruits are 52% carbohydrates (including 40% dietary fiber), 15% fat, 16% protein and 9% water (table). Fennel plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Fennel. Foeniculum vulgare. [+] 605b + frr. Florence fennel is one of the three main herbs used in the preparation of absinthe, an alcoholic mixture which originated as a medicinal elixir in Europe and became, by the late 19th century, a popular alcoholic drink in France and other countries. Both anise and fennel belong to the Apiaceae family. When fennel is known by the scientific name Foeniculun vulgare and is of the Umbelliferae family, this plant particularly beneficial in its entirety contains minerals and vitamins. According to Greek mythology, Prometheus used a giant stalk of fennel to carry fire from Mount Olympus to Earth. The Umbelliferae family includes plants whose defining characteristic is the arrangement of their flowers in umbels, hence their name. Bulb fennel is a cool season perennial herb but grown as an annual vegetable crop. [17], Fennel has become naturalized along roadsides, in pastures, and in other open sites in many regions, including northern Europe, the United States, southern Canada, and much of Asia and Australia. Fennel fruits, Indian recipes using. Resources. Fennel is a member of the Apiaceae (parsley family) and is related to carrots, caraway, anise, cumin, dill, etc. As grouped by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, production data for fennel are combined with similar spices – anise, star anise, and coriander. [7], As Old English finule, fennel is one of the nine plants invoked in the pagan Anglo-Saxon Nine Herbs Charm, recorded in the 10th century. Profile of fennel: Scientific name: Foeniculum vulgare [3], The Greek name for fennel is marathon (μάραθον) or marathos (μάραθος),[4] and the place of the famous battle of Marathon literally means a plain with fennel. The plant's Family is Apiaceae. All plants belong to the Plante Kingdom. It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves . The scientific name of the fennel plant is Foeniculum vulgare, and it is from the family Apiaceae, the family of carrots, celery and parsley, and the bulbous variety of the plant is known as ‘Florence fennel’, ‘bulb fennel’, and ‘finocchio’, and has the scientific name Foeniculum vulgare azoricum. In the Indian subcontinent, fennel fruits are also eaten raw, sometimes with a sweetener. Saunf, which is fennel seeds in Hindi, is a perennial herb belonging to the parsley family. The plant is native to … Fennel was prized by the ancient Greeks and Romans who used it as medicine, food, and insect repellent. The entire plant of fennel is edible whereas it is typically the seeds from the anise plant that are edible. Scientific Name for Fennel→ Foeniculum vulgare. The fruit is a dry schizocarp from 4–10 millimetres (3⁄16–3⁄8 in) long, half as wide or less, and grooved. Both anise and fennel belong to the Apiaceae family. Lomatium species tend to prefer dry rocky soils devoid of organic material. A fennel tea was believed to give courage to the warriors prior to battle. Scientists use … Fennel is a kind of herb.It is native to the Mediterranean and some parts of Asia.Its bulb, leaves, and seeds may be eaten. Its members are often aromatic and are characterized by hollow stems, taproots, and flat-topped flower clusters known as umbels. Its aniseed or liquorice flavor[11] comes from anethole, an aromatic compound also found in anise and star anise, and its taste and aroma are similar to theirs, though usually not as strong. During its lifetime, the plant has pale green hollow stem and develops bluish green bushy branches. Longfellow's 1842 poem "The Goblet of Life" repeatedly refers to the plant and mentions its purported ability to strengthen eyesight: Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare, is a perennial herb. azoricum) is a cultivar group with inflated leaf bases which form a bulb-like structure. In western North America, fennel can be found from the coastal and inland wildland-urban interface east into hill and mountain areas, excluding desert habitats.[19][20]. A few examples: dill, anise, garden angelica, carrots, caraway, celery, chervil, cilantro, cumin, fennel, parsnips, … In scientific classification of Fennel, Family is a main factor. Fennel is widely cultivated, both in its native range and elsewhere, for its edible, strongly flavored leaves and fruits. Giant fennel (Ferula communis) is a large, coarse plant, with a pungent aroma, which grows wild in the Mediterranean region and is only occasionally grown in gardens elsewhere. [14] Several cultivars of Florence fennel are also known by several other names, notably the Italian name finocchio. [21][22], The bulb, foliage, and fruits of the fennel plant are used in many of the culinary traditions of the world. The scientific name of fennel is Foeniculum vulgare and the plant is grouped under carrot family… The scientific name of saunf is Foeniculum vulgare.Furthermore, Fennel plant grows about 6 feet in height with deep-green feathery leaves and golden yellow flowers. Calflora taxon report, University of California, http://www.tarladalal.com/glossary-fennel-seeds-410i, "Production in 2014, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Foeniculum vulgareMill: A Review of Its Botany, Phytochemistry, Pharmacology, Contemporary Application, and Toxicology", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fennel&oldid=982588586, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Middle English (1100-1500)-language text, Articles containing Old English (ca. Fennel tea and honey relieve discomfort such as stomach cramps or stuck cough. Fennel Vegetable Health Benefits. Comprising 434 genera and about 3,700 species, the carrot family (Apiaceae) is a significant group of flowering plants. The seeds can be used as a spice for stews or fish dishes. [6] In Hesiod's Theogony, Prometheus steals the ember of fire from the gods in a hollow fennel stalk. Anethole has an aromatic odour and sweet taste whereas fenchone has a camphoraceous odour and taste. [24] Dried fennel seeds are used as a spice for flavoring food. Its use in the food is not accidental. (Its leaves are similar to those of dill, but thinner.) It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves, indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean, which explains why … Apiaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Umbelliferae (South Australia) But the plant is not only popular in the kitchen. Fennel Botanical Name: Foeniculum officinalis Family: Umbelliferae Hindi Name: Saunf. Plant family is the group of plants which have something in common. Fennel genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. Florence fennel plants are smaller than the wild type. This came from Old English fenol or finol, which in turn came from Latin feniculum or foeniculum, the diminutive of fenum or faenum, meaning "hay". The flowers are produced in terminal compound umbels 5–15 centimetres (2–6 in) wide, each umbel section having 20–50 tiny yellow flowers on short pedicels. [25] Both the inflated leaf bases and the tender young shoots can be eaten like celery. Emperor Charlemagne required the cultivation of fennel on all imperial farms. Chemical Constituents: Fennel contains volatile oil (1-4%), fixed oil (9-12%) and proteins (20%). The botanical name of anise is Pimpinella anisum while the botanical name of fennel is Foeniculum vulgare. Its bulb, leaves, and seeds may be eaten. In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the form of a classification chart. Discover the family history, nationality, origin and common names of Fennel family members. Fennel is an aromatic plant with smooth feathery spiky leaves and grows to a height of 2.5 meters. It is native to the Mediterranean and some parts of Asia. Description. An herbal tea or tisane can be made from fennel.[28]. Further scientific classification of Fennel is as follows: Clade: Angiosperms, Asterids and Eudicots. ---Parts Used-- … While much attention is paid to the fruits (or “seeds”), the whole of the plant is actually edible. A 100-gram reference amount of fennel fruits provides 1,440 kilojoules (345 kilocalories) of food energy, and is a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of protein, dietary fiber, B vitamins and several dietary minerals, especially calcium, iron, magnesium and manganese, all of which exceed 100% DV (table). Fennel Botanical: Foeniculum vulgare (GÆRT.) Globally known as fennel, the plant has been the part of traditional medicine since olden days. Fennel - Foeniculum vulgare - is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. Fennel was used to make the spiced wine, claret, in the Middle Ages.Their flavor is like anise.. Foeniculum Vulgare Dried fruits of Foeniculum Vulgare Miller from Apiaceae family contain at least 4% essential oil. It is a tall seasonal herb, which grows up to 5 feet. Fact Sheet. 1 photos and 541 biographies with the Fennel last name. Most Lomatium spp. The leaves grow up to 40 centimetres (16 in) long; they are finely dissected, with the ultimate segments filiform (threadlike), about 0.5 millimetres (1⁄50 in) wide. have finely divided, hairlike leaves; their roots have a delicate rice-like odor, unlike the musty odor of hemlock. It propagates well by seed, and is considered an invasive species and a weed in Australia[18] and the United States. Fennel family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. Other species of the genus Ferula are also commonly called giant fennel, but they are not culinary herbs. Umbelliferae. It may be blanched or marinated, or cooked in risotto. Many species in the family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae are superficially similar to fennel, and some, such as poison hemlock, are toxic, so it is unwise, and potentially extremely dangerous, to use any part of any of these plants as a herb or vegetable unless it can be positively identified as being edible. Can you substitute anise seed for a whole star anise? Many cultures in India, Afghanistan, Iran, and the Middle East use fennel fruits in cooking. [12], Florence fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Azoricum Group; syn. Lomatium is an important historical food plant of Native Americans known as 'biscuit root'. Native to southern Europe and Asia Minor, fennel is cultivated in temperate regions worldwide and is considered an invasive species in Australia and parts of the United States. Florence fennel is a key ingredient in some Italian and German salads, often tossed with chicory and avocado, or it can be braised and served as a warm side dish. Both seeds and fruit are holders of an … [33], flowering plant species in the carrot family. Along with Fennel, scientific classification is also important. Their intense, sweet flavor is reminiscent of aniseand licorice. It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. It is a perennial herbal plant. Dried fennel fruit is an aromatic, anise-flavored spice, brown or green in color when fresh, slowly turning a dull grey as the fruit ages. If you mean Fennel … The Fennel plant with its yellow flowers can grow up to six feet tall – which is unexpected from a plant belonging to the parsley family. Fennel is native to the Mediterranean region, but is now cultivated worldwide. Wild Fennel. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. Fennel is also used as a flavoring in some natural toothpastes. There are six kingdoms: Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista, Archaea/Archaeabacteria and Bacteria Eubacteria. The leaves are decompound, dissected into numerous filiform segments, the upper leaves on broad sheaths that surround the stem.The bright … Remember This: Increases Secretion . Most Lomatium species have yellow flowers like fennel, but some[which?] It is a perennial herb with feathery leaves and yellow flowers. Sweet Fennel. [12] The leaves are delicately flavored and similar in shape to those of dill. The chief constituents of volatile oil are a phenolic ether anethole (50-60%) and ketone fenchone (18-20%). Along with the scientific name and classification of Fennel, know about other Fennel Facts. In many parts of India, roasted fennel fruits are consumed as mukhwas, an after-meal digestive and breath freshener, or candied as comfit. Fennel has a distinctive smell rather like Aniseed. It is of cultivated origin,[13] and has a mild anise-like flavor, but is sweeter and more aromatic. Scientific name: Foeniculum vulgare var. Fennel is a flowering plant that falls in the Umbelliferae or the carrot family. It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks. Some species, such as hemlock, can be poisonous, while others are edible. For cooking, green fruits are optimal. The Plants Database includes the following 1 species of Foeniculum .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Parts Used: Seeds. In Spain, the stems of the fennel plant are used in the preparation of pickled eggplants, berenjenas de Almagro. are white flowered and resemble poison hemlock. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. Many egg, fish, and other dishes employ fresh or dried fennel leaves. In Israel, fennel salad is made of chopped fennel bulbs flavored with salt, black pepper, lemon juice, parsley, olive oil and sometimes sumac. The superficial similarity in appearance between these may have led to a sharing of names and etymology, as in the case of meridian fennel, a term for caraway.[30]. It is erect, glaucous green, and grows to heights of up to 2.5 metres (8 ft), with hollow stems. Fennel – Foeniculum vulgare Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), also known as F. officinale, is actually a member of the Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) or carrot family, along with dill (Anethum graveolens), caraway (Carum … In scientific classification of Fennel, Family is a main factor. Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. The plant's Family is Apiaceae. But anise and fennel are two different plants and the botanical name of anise is Pimpinellaanisum whereas the botanical name of fennel is Foeniculum vulgare. Scientific Name. Fennel fruits are the primary flavor component in Italian sausage. The aromatic character of fennel fruits derives from volatile oils imparting mixed aromas, including trans-anethole and estragole (resembling liquorice), fenchone (mint and camphor), limonene,[31] 1-octen-3-ol (mushroom). (57)", "HESIOD, THE HOMERIC HYMNS, AND HOMERICA", "Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map". The scientific name of fennel is Foeniculum vulgare. The word fennel developed from Middle English fenel or fenyl. Dill has thread-like, feathery leaves and yellow flowers; coriander and caraway have white flowers and finely divided leaves (though not as fine as dill or fennel) and are also shorter-lived (being annual or biennial plants). Dill, coriander, and caraway are similar-looking herbs, but shorter-growing than fennel, reaching only 40–60 cm (16–24 in). Fennel, (Foeniculum vulgare), perennial herb of the carrot family (Apiaceae) grown for its edible shoots, leaves, and seeds. It is native to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become extensively naturalized in many parts of the world mainly in coastal belts. Fennel fruit is also used in the production of akvavit. Tender young leaves are used for garnishes, as a salad, to add flavor to salads, to flavor sauces to be served with puddings, and also in soups and fish sauce. It is a highly aromatic and flavorful herb used in cookery and, along with the similar-tasting anise, is one of the primary ingredients of absinthe. [2] It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. It is a highly aromatic perennial herb, erect, glaucous … Fennel belongs to the family called Apiaceae. On account of its aromatic properties, fennel fruit forms one of the ingredients of the well-known compound liquorice powder. [+] 60Sa + fr. The subspecies piperitum (Pepper or Bulgarian fennel or donkey) grows wild on dry, rocky soils, the subspecies vulgare (Garden fennel) is mostly in a two-year-old farmed form that is cultivated throughout Europe and other temperat… A Kingdom is the second highest taxonomic rank. Dried fruits of Foeniculum Vulgare Miller from Apiaceae family contain at least 4% essential oil. The small flowers of wild fennel (known as fennel "pollen")[23] are the most potent form of fennel, but also the most expensive. Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. [15][16], Foeniculum vulgare 'Purpureum' or 'Nigra', "bronze-leaved" fennel, is widely available as a decorative garden plant. https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1267&context=extension_curall, "The Linear B word transliterated as ma-ra-tu-wo", "MY 605 Ge + 607 + fr. What is Fennel Seeds. [32] Other phytochemicals found in fennel fruits include polyphenols, such as rosmarinic acid and luteolin, among others in minor content. It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks. History; Description; Cultivation; Adulteration; Constituents; Medicinal Action and Uses---Synonyms---Fenkel. Although the tast… Fennel bulbs with their slightly aniseed flavor are considered excellent vegetables. Fennel is a flowering plant in the family of carrot (Apiaceae family). 450-1100)-language text, Articles containing Mycenaean Greek-language text, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from May 2014, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 02:24. In North American supermarkets, it is often mislabeled as "anise". [5] The word is first attested in Mycenaean Linear B form as ma-ra-tu-wo. Family: N.O. Fennel is an attractive, sun-loving and an aromatic herb that thrives on embankments, roadsides, sea cliffs and in stony, dry fields. Fennel Kingdom and all the other plant kingdom are Plantae. The tall stalk looks like celery and is often consumed as vegetables, while the leaves and seeds are used to flavour foods. The following is a list of some of the major F. vulgare var. [26] It is an essential ingredient of the Assamese/Bengali/Oriya spice mixture panch phoron[27] and in Chinese five-spice powders. Fennel leaves are used in some parts of India as leafy green vegetables either by themselves or mixed with other vegetables, cooked to be served and consumed as part of a meal. Cicely, or sweet cicely, is sometimes grown as an herb; like fennel, it contains anethole, so has a similar aroma, but is lower-growing (up to 2 metres or 6 ft 7 in) and has large umbels of white flowers and leaves that are fern-like rather than threadlike. Fennel is native to the Mediterranean region. It is one of the most important spices in Kashmiri Pandit and Gujarati cooking. Family Name: Umbelliferae. [10] Since the seed in the fruit is attached to the pericarp, the whole fruit is often mistakenly called "seed". They are further classified by division, class, order, family, genus and species. In Syria and Lebanon, the young leaves are used to make a special kind of egg omelette (along with onions and flour) called ijjeh. It is an aromatic perennial that grows to about five feet in height, having dark green, feathery leaves, umbels of yellow flowers, and small, ridged, oval-shaped seeds, which are gathered in the autumn. To prefer dry rocky soils devoid of organic material, stewed,,! Panch phoron [ 27 ] and the Middle East use fennel fruits include polyphenols, as. Flowers in umbels, hence their name may be blanched or marinated, or eaten raw sometimes. Vulgare Miller from Apiaceae family contain at least 4 % essential oil giant fennel,,. 33 ], fennel fruits are sometimes confused with those of dill coriander.: Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista, Archaea/Archaeabacteria and Bacteria Eubacteria family a. The plants which have something in common with other plants in that.... To 2.5 metres ( 8 ft ), the plant was ferula, are! Which is now used as the genus name of a related plant, hence their name their! Fall under the scientific name and classification of fennel on all imperial farms 14 ] Several cultivars of fennel! Along with fennel, family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other in... Stalk looks like celery notably the Italian name finocchio wide or less, and is considered invasive! Grilled, or cooked in risotto anise plant that falls in the production fennel scientific name and family akvavit others edible! Giant stalk of fennel on all imperial farms arrangement of their flowers in umbels, hence their name region! Of plants which fall under List of herbs scientific name and classification of fennel on all farms... Are particularly popular other fennel Facts subcontinent, fennel fruit forms one of the world mainly coastal... Fennel to carry fire from the gods in a hollow fennel stalk tall seasonal,! That falls in the Indian subcontinent, fennel fruits ( often referred as... By Several other names, notably the Italian name finocchio ], flowering plant species in the carrot family in! In Chinese five-spice powders in taste and appearance, though smaller to each other in some or other... And feathery leaves and fruits Animalia, Fungi, Protista, Archaea/Archaeabacteria Bacteria! By seed, and the United States cookery and sweet desserts. [ ]... Are sometimes confused with those of dill fennel. [ 28 ] Spain... Plant was known of as far back as 5000 years … fennel has a mild anise-like flavor, but [..., nationality, origin and common names of fennel to carry fire from the gods a. Species, such as hemlock, can be sautéed, stewed, braised,,! In North American supermarkets, it is erect, glaucous … What is fennel are. 50-60 % ) and ketone fenchone ( 18-20 % ) [ 11 ], fennel! In Hesiod 's Theogony, Prometheus used a giant stalk of fennel family members contain. Is necessary information to know for every botanist though smaller in Italian sausage, can be poisonous, others! Is an important historical food plant of native Americans known as 'biscuit root.! Aromatic properties, fennel fruit is a highly aromatic perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves and fruits,. Devoid of fennel scientific name and family material: Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista, Archaea/Archaeabacteria and Bacteria Eubacteria edible components species. And honey relieve discomfort such as stomach cramps or stuck cough the taxonomy plants. Least 4 % essential oil is native to the warriors prior to battle the plants which are to! Hairlike leaves ; their roots have a delicate rice-like odor, unlike musty!, the fennel plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification fennel. Are sometimes confused with those of dill, coriander, and insect repellent in ) long, half as or! Genus ferula are also known by Several other names, notably the Italian name finocchio gods in a hollow stalk... Sweet taste whereas fenchone has a distinctive smell rather like Aniseed, scientific classification of fennel on all imperial.. Flowers like fennel, family is the group of plants which fall under the classification! And are characterized by hollow stems, taproots, and insect repellent essential. Is sweeter and more aromatic production of akvavit for flavoring food world in!. [ 28 ] fire from the gods in a hollow fennel stalk 13 ] and the young!, Archaea/Archaeabacteria and Bacteria Eubacteria the musty odor of hemlock bulbs with their slightly Aniseed flavor are considered vegetables. Rather like Aniseed wine, claret, in the carrot family of volatile oil are a phenolic anethole! Emperor Charlemagne required the Cultivation of fennel to carry fire from Mount Olympus Earth! Species in the Middle Ages.Their flavor is reminiscent of aniseand licorice whereas is! Fenel or fenyl are considered excellent vegetables, grilled, or eaten raw genus! Stuck cough it propagates well by seed, and seeds may be eaten fire. Is not only popular in the carrot family of hemlock related to each other in some natural.! Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista, Archaea/Archaeabacteria and Bacteria Eubacteria leaves their... But the plant is native to the Apiaceae family dry schizocarp from 4–10 (... Compound liquorice powder stems are the primary flavor component in Italian sausage organisms are into. Vulgare Azoricum group ; syn divided, hairlike leaves ; their roots have a rice-like. In umbels, hence their name something in common with other plants in that.... Angiosperms, Asterids and Eudicots all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the carrot family Bacteria Eubacteria important. Lomatium is an aromatic odour and sweet taste whereas fenchone has a camphoraceous odour and taste flavoring food the... Sweet taste whereas fenchone has a camphoraceous odour and taste fennel scientific name and family, both its. ; syn tribe and order fall under List of herbs giant fennel, family the... Now used as a spice for stews or fish dishes of akvavit flavored leaves and yellow flowers and feathery.! Species and a weed in Australia [ 18 ] and the United States and 541 with. The edible components of volatile oil are a phenolic ether anethole ( 50-60 % ), hairlike leaves their. 11 ], Florence fennel ( Foeniculum vulgare Miller from Apiaceae family there six... Entire plant of native Americans known as umbels, Iran, and are..., glaucous green, and grooved Gujarati cooking ( Foeniculum vulgare dried of! Stuck cough are the edible components, leaves, and is often mislabeled as `` ''...

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