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list of endemic plants in ethiopia

list of endemic plants in ethiopia

The Red List of Endemic Trees & Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea (2005) – English. The smoke from burning the plant is inhaled to relieve headache and also as a cure for “evil eye” (possession by evil spirits in Ethiopian folk religion). Bird watching is an international pastime and Ethiopia and Eritrea are some of the most spectacular places in the world for this sport. In 2005, the Global Trees Campaign published a preliminary Red List of Endemic Trees and Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea. This large size makes Ethiopia an ecologically diverse ranging from arid areas to tropical forests in the south. BLUE-WINGED GOOSE (Cyanochen cyanoptera) Wing 325-376 mm. By Mulugeta Kebebew Robi . The number of endemic plant species and near-endemic species in Ethiopia is high (Friis et al., 2005). The East African countries of Ethiopia and Eritrea have one of the richest assemblages of plants in the African continent. As many as 224 plant species, including more than 110 woody plant species, have been recorded in Kafa, out of which around 20 are listed as endemic.Broadleaf trees dominate the scenery, while the moist and temperate climate makes an excellent habitat for vegetation. The status of some plants in parts of tropical Africa. Ethiopia Checklist of Endemic Amphibian Species This list of amphibian species found exclusively in Ethiopia is based on the species recognized in AmphibiaWeb as of 28 October 2018. A description of 326 species of 158 genera and 68 families (including naturalized exotics), their native and trade names, data on distribution, ecology, wood properties and uses, propagation etc., with a key to families and genera, and 129 line drawings, preceded by a description of the chief natural plant communities of Ethiopia [cf. Ethiopia is one of the most important biodiversity hotspots in the world. On record there are 600 species of medicinal plants constituting a little over 10 percent of Ethiopia's vascular flora. Ethiopia is one of the most unique landscapes on Earth, with lush forests, snow-capped peaks and arid deserts. The taxa included in the Red List of Endemic Flowering Plants have been drawn from the published volumes of the Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea Vols. Thick-Billed Raven The conservation of tree species in Ethiopia and Eritrea is of particular importance as both countries have some of the highest levels of poverty in the world. The bird species of Ethiopia are mix of African, Palearctic and a fantastic number of birds are unique for the region of the Horn of Africa. . When What Who Comment; 18 minutes ago: To read (list) - diff. 2 … This publication estimated that there are 428 endemic and near endemic woody taxa in Ethiopia and Eritrea, and presented conservation assessments using IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria for 135 woody taxa. References. A total of 133 species of plants (herbs, shrubs, lianas and trees) were recorded. The nation enjoys a high level of endemism with 31 species of endemic mammals and over twenty species of endemic birds. In 1790, the first European, James Bruce of Scotland, documented only 18 plants in his Natural History of Ethiopia. The Red List of Endemic Trees and Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea, published by the Global Trees Campaign in 2005, helps to improve the sparse knowledge of trees in the area. The flora is 35% endemic and is an lndependent floristic region closely … Specifically, 12% of the total woody species in Ethiopia has been found to be endemic to different vegetation types ( Tewolde, 1991 ). Are you sure you want to remove Some endemic plants of Ethiopia from this list? Published in 2005, this report was the first complete assessment of the endemic tree species in Ethiopia and Eritrea. Endemic Birds of Ethiopia Addis Ababa Axum Dire Dawa ... it provides an excellent opportunity for study and observation of an Ethiopian endemic. INTRODUCTION TO ENDEMISM • Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island,nation,country or other defined zone or habitat type. It’s a gorgeous endemic bird, with a vivid moss green body, crimson wing linings, and a bizarre blonde mohawk-style crest. floristic wealth is reflected in the fact that Ethiopia is one of the primary centers of origin of many of the world's cultivated crops, e.g. As a country with such varied habitats, Ethiopia is home to many species that cannot be found anywhere else on Earth, whose endangered status highlights the need for environmental stewardship and a radical re-imagining of how we co-exist with our environment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Semien Fox: Habitat: Bale. 2 (part I, … Indigenous Animals & Plants The Major Endemic Mammals of Ethiopia. Arba Minch University . Unless otherwise noted, the list is that of iGoTerra. Here are some examples of endemic plants in Indonesia: * Aglaia Ceramica is a species of plant in the Meliaceae family. The Red List of Endemic Trees & Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea Medicinal plants comprise one of the important components of the vegetation. Plants here exhibit a fascinating variety of crowns, uses, and colourful seeds and flowers. F.A. For further details on possible inaccuracies in the list see Sources & Caveats. Edwards S, Mesfin Tadesse & Hedberg I (eds).1995. Mabberley, D.J. 1992, East and Central Africa: NAPRECA, No.2. This report provides IUCN Red List assessments for 122 species and 13 subspecies. 3377). PLANTS. This is a list of the bird species recorded in Ethiopia.The avifauna of Ethiopia included a total of 867 confirmed species as of May 2020. The African wild dog prehistorically had widespread distribution in Ethiopia; however, with last sightings at Fincha , this canid is thought to be potentially extirpated within Ethiopia. Edited by: Edwards S, Zemede A. Recent Activity. There are 5 endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families. Of the endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 480 species in 224 genera and 66 families. Menelik's bushbuck. Abstract- The study was conducted on The status of an Ethiopian endemic plant. The extreme opposite of endemism is cosmopolitan distribution. There are 31 endemic species of mammals, meaning that a species occurs naturally only in a certain area, in this case Ethiopia. The working list of plants has been compiled by Dr. Tesfaye Awas (Part one-available online) and this is the animal aspect (Part two). Kelbessa E, Demissew S, Woldu Z, Edwards S: Some threatened Endemic plants of Ethiopia. Published in 2005, The Red List of Endemic Trees & Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea was the first complete assessment of the conservation status of endemic woody species for these two countries. Endemic to Ethiopia, Echinops kebericho, is used for fever and as a taenicidal herb (to expell tapeworm). ENDEMIC PLANTS IN SRI LANKA 2. Endemic plants in sri lanka 1. Primarily found in southern Ethiopia, Prince Ruspoli’s Turaco had not been spotted for more than 50 years. recorded in Ethiopia, of which 12% or more are probably endemic. 23 No. Some endemic plants of Ethiopia / Lists. The smoke from burning the plant is inhaled to relieve headache and also as a cure for “evil eye” (possession by evil spirits in Ethiopian folk religion).. The East African countries of Ethiopia and Eritrea have one […] 12 % are probably endemic. Of them, 25 are accidental, 16 are endemic, one has been introduced by humans, and the statuses of 11 are under review. Fourth Edition. Main The Red List of Endemic Trees and Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Although the Horn of Africa is a major centre of plant diversity and endemism, there is as yet no complete red list of plants for Ethiopia or Eritrea. Ethiopia . Google Scholar (2017) Mabberley's Plant-book. Endemic to Ethiopia, Echinops kebericho, is used for fever and as a taenicidal herb (to expell tapeworm). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea, Vol. An additional 16 species are hypothetical as defined below. Out of these, 11 plant species were endemic which have been included in the preliminary list assessed for IUCN Red Data List, of which 1 species is nearly threatened, one species is vulnerable, and the other nine of them are at the status least concern. The various spices, herbs and roots Ethiopians use are mostly endemic to Ethiopia and it appears as if only the Ethiopians themselves possess the key that unlocks its many benefits. Ethiopia Checklist of Endemic Vascular Plant Genera This list of vascular plant genera found exclusively in Ethiopia is based on the taxonomy used in Mabberley (2017). LIST OF 25+ ENDEMIC & RARE BIRDS OF ETHIOPIA. Endemic plants of Ethiopia: Preliminary working list to contribute to National plant conservation target Gelada baboon Starck's hare. The Red List of Endemic Trees & Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Posted on Jul 29, 2014 Africa, Criteria System, IUCN Categories and Criteria, Library, Region, Taxon, Vascular Plants | Comments Off on The Red List of Endemic Trees & Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea (2005) – English In total, there are more than 850 species of birds that have been recorded in the country. The Red List of Endemic Trees and Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea Jose Luis Vivero, Ensermu Kelbessa, Sebsebe Demissew. For further details on possible inaccuracies in the list see Sources & Caveats. It has a large number of plant species and a recent work indicated that the number of higher plants was over 7000 species from which ca. The Blue-winged Goose inhabits plateau marshes, streams and damp grasslands from about 1800 meters (6000 feet) upward. The animal is endemic, and is the size and colour of a European Red Fox, but with long legs, longer muzzle, and a striking black and white tail. 50+ ENDEMIC & RARE BIRDS OF ETHIOPIA LIST: Birds only found in Ethiopia, where to find them, and how to organize a birding trip to see them 50+ Endemic & Rare birds of Ethiopia. Owing to the protection of endemic species from Export as a genetic material, it is required to compile a working list of those species which are endemic to the country. Today, nearly seven thousand plant species, one thousand of which are endemic to Ethiopia, are No lists yet! Vegetation types in Ethiopia are highly diverse ranging from afro-alpine to desert vegetation. The root is burned for smoke to ward off mosquitoes and as a snake repellant in the house. Vepris dainellii, in Arba Minch Natural forest, Southern Ethiopia, to determine the population status, population structure and regeneration status of the species. This edition is on 0 lists. , wheat, barley, teff, coffee, peas, okra, sorghum, millets, lentils. It is a tree endemic to the Maluku Islands in Indonesia. Likewise, Ethiopia is also unquestionably a critical region for faunistic diversity. Botany 2000, 35-55. Berry: Added The Lotus Palace to the list… It’s also extremely rare, with just three known sites and a spot on the IUCN Red List. Some of the endemic tree species in Ethiopia, Echinops kebericho, is used for fever and as taenicidal. 50 years found in southern Ethiopia, of which 12 % or more are probably.! It is a species of endemic birds medicinal plants comprise one of the important components of the assemblages! 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