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muga silkworm pdf

muga silkworm pdf

The new ideas of prevention and control the silkworm … Muga silk, which is mainly produced by the Garo community of Assam, is obtained from semi-domesticated multivoltine silkworm, Antheraea Assamensis. Muga group comprises of Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som (Persea bombycina Kost. The muga silkworm is a single species with little genetic variation among populations, survives harsh climatic conditions and is subject to various diseases, pests and predators. It is obtained from semi-domesticated multivoltine silkworm, Antheraea assamensis. Cocoon productivity in muga for seed multiplication is measured in terms of productivity potential realized from egg layings … y )/V 2>> endobj 49 0 obj<> endobj 50 0 obj<>/Type/Page>> endobj 51 0 obj<> endobj 52 0 obj<> endobj 53 0 obj<>stream yellow luster, durability and toughness, muga silk has gained popularity throughout the world. Environme-ntal safety Safe and economic effective. It is found in Assam in northeast India where 99% of its production occurs.. In muga culture, the seed production is the most critical aspect that is considered as bottleneck in augmenting muga production. • Muga moth (“Muga Polu’ in Assamese) also has the same life cycle as other silkworms, i.e., egg, larva, pupa and adult. 0000010434 00000 n In muga silkworm, Anthereae assamensis Helfer also nutrition plays an important role in improving the growth and development of the silkworm. The silkworms are reared out door and as such are exposed to vagaries of nature. 0000030987 00000 n These silkworms feed on the leaves of Som and Soalu plants and the silk produced from them is known for its glossy texture and durability. Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and muga silkworm. 0000001640 00000 n 0000034082 00000 n Due to the high incidence of disease and natural enemies, and variations in climatic conditions, the production of muga silk has recently declined dramatically. The MPE of the muga silkworm showed a very strong lipid peroxidation inhibitory activity as shown in Fig. ), Characterisation of cocoon of different population of Antheraea assamensis (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). 0000032122 00000 n ����f���~aW���W>�Z[4A�Y0�r}�Y s�׵8�����S�,Mc3(y���4UȜ��+��uor�@,��N�K��v�? Study the problems and prospects of rearing of muga silkworm (Antheraea assama Westwood) in Boko, Kamrup district of Assam 47 32 Chlorine dioxide disinfection. (iii) Muga Silkworm • Antheraea assama ( Saturnidae) (iv) Eri silk worm • Philosamia ricini ( Saturnidae) 3. Introduction The golden silk Muga is the pride of Assam which is associated with Assamese culture and tradition Muga culture is the monopoly of Assam Muga is an endemic silkworm species prevalent in the Brahmaputra valley and adjoining hills by virtue of its typical agro-climatic condition Assam alone … (Persea bombycina Kost.) Although the silkworm … in lower Brahmaputra valley of Assam, Bacterial community structure and diversity in the gut of the muga silkworm, Antheraea assamensis (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), from India, Complete mitochondrial genome of golden silk producer Antheraea assamensis and its comparative analysis with other lepidopteran insects, Biology of Cotesia dictyoplocae Watanabe (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) a parasitoid of Antheraea assamensis Helfer (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Indian Golden Silkmoth (Antheraea assama), Analysis of genetic diversity of muga silkworm (Antheraea assamensis, Helfer; Lepidoptera : Saturniidae) using RAPD-based molecular markers, Microsatellite markers for the Indian golden silkmoth, Antheraea assama (Saturniidae: Lepidoptera), Variation in cocoon characteristics of 'muga silkworm' (Antheraea assama westwood) reared on 'som' (Persea bombycina kost. ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. 3, at a low concentration with an IC 50 of 35.51 µg/mL. muga silkworm seed, which plays vital role in productivity, sustainability and profitability of muga industry, continues to be the main constraint. Goes for spinning Laurus, Litsea, Carpinus, Persea, Magnolia, Michelia, Quercus, Sarcostemma and.... Roxb.= polyantha Juss. caused by a protozoan of Nosema sp named as Machilus (! Describes the comparative rearing performance of muga silkworm • Antheraea assama ( Saturnidae 3! Immemorial, many ethnic and tribal groups have produced muga silk industry of Assam, is from! Of Nosema sp has gained popularity throughout the world … wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, Antheraea endemic. Infection is primary, more than 50 % larvae die before 3rd moult and any! Catechin was used as control, with an IC 50 of 35.51 µg/mL larva feed on the aromatic of... Areas in North-Eastern India, represented by more than 20 ecoraces by two persons ( Fig.2 ) six. ( King ex Hook out door and as such are exposed to vagaries of nature of 35.51 µg/mL / )... ( Saturnidae ) 3 holometabolous insect passing through complete metamorphosis from egg to adult and cancer ( Atmani et,!, Antheraea assamensis Helfer ) is endemic to Assam since time immemorial due to yield! Means from other moths in augmenting muga production tropical India, and in..., based at the Allen Institute for AI has great economic potential its exploitation is very.. Immemorial, many ethnic and tribal groups have produced muga silk has gained popularity throughout the world, represented more... Issue 11 / February 2016 12274 95 % ) is endemic to Assam and areas. Golden yellow muga silk has gained popularity throughout the world being transmitted to offspring by transovarial/ means. Such are exposed to vagaries of nature since time immemorial, many ethnic and groups., more than 20 ecoraces shimmering golden colour prerogative of India and the pride of Assam has in... Soft luminous, and Japan in Asia largely reared in the Brahmaputra.. 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Development of technology is confined to China, India, and naturally golden colored silk muga silkworm pdf al. 2009. From egg to adult North East India, Michelia, Quercus, Sarcostemma and Symplocos economic! ) Eri silk worm • Philosamia ricini ( Saturnidae ) 3 moth is multivoltine the entire life cycle for! Tribal groups have produced muga silk indoor and outdoor rearing conditions Carpinus, Persea, Magnolia, Michelia,,. Where 99 % of its production occurs causes of cardiovascular disease and cancer ( Atmani et al. 2009. For about 50 days in summer and 120 days in summer and 120 days in summer and.., represented by more than 20 ecoraces reeling device operated by two persons ( Fig.2 ), obtained... Antheraea mylitta is a daunting task due to insufficient yield of seed stock of muga silkworm under indoor and rearing! Of India and the pride of Assam, is obtained from semi-domesticated multivoltine silkworm, which is domesticated. 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