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psaltery in the bible

psaltery in the bible

I cannot keep quiet for I have heard the voice of shofar, the shout of war” (Jeremiah 4:19). The King James Bible is one of the versions that uses the word ‘psaltery’ more than others but there are occurrences where the King James Bible translates the word as ‘stringed instrument’ while others use psaltery. Psalms 149:3 - Let them praise his name in the dance: let them sing praises unto him with the timbrel and harp. The psaltery (psalterion, saltere, sauterie, Psalterium, Psalter, salterio) is an ancient intstrument seen in many forms. "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915. The word psaltery derives from the Ancient Greek ψαλτήριον (psaltḗrion), "stringed instrument, psaltery, harp"[1] and that from the verb ψάλλω (psállō), "to touch sharply, to pluck, pull, twitch" and in the case of the strings of musical instruments, "to play a stringed instrument with the fingers, and not with the plectrum. [citation needed]. The Hebrew word nebhel, so rendered, is translated "viol" in Isaiah 5:12 (RSV, "lute"); 14:11 . It appeared in Europe in the 12th cent. The Greek psalterium (psalterion), from which our word is derived, denotes an instrument played with the fingers instead of a plectrum or quill, the verb being used of twanging the bow-string. The chambers of my heart are throbbing! Below are the English definition details. Verses with the word psaltery in the Old Testament (13 verses):. http://jamesjonesinstruments.com/ Description of and tutorial on how to play the bowed psaltery with James Jones. In Daniel 3:5 Daniel 3:7 Daniel 3:10 Daniel 3:15 , the word thus rendered is Chaldaic, pesanterin, which is supposed to be a word of Greek origin denoting an instrument of the harp kind. While the harp had single strips, a psaltery could have multiple strings for one tone. My heart moans within me! Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. An instrument of music used by the Hebrews,the form of which is not now known. It has a flat soundboard over which a variable number of strings are stretched. Until the emergence of the book of hours in the Late Middle Ages, psalters were the books most widely owned by wealthy lay persons. They were commonly used for learning to read. The hammered dulcimer and related instruments such as the santur, cimbalom, yangqin, and khim, appear very similar to psalteries and it is often hard to tell which one historical images represent. psaltery (sôl`tərē, –trē), stringed musical instrument. Psalms 108:2 | View whole chapter | See verse in context Awake, psaltery and harp: I myself will awake early. Psaltery (17 Occurrences) 1 Samuel 10:5 "After that you shall come to the hill of God, where is the garrison of the Philistines: and it shall happen, when you have come there to the city, that you shall meet a band of prophets coming down from the high place with a psaltery, and a tambourine, and a pipe, and a harp, before them; and they will be prophesying: (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT) It had a soundboard under the strings. These three instruments, the psaltery or sautry, the viol and lute, are frequently associated in the old English poets and were clearly instruments resembling each other though still different. This instrument resembled the guitar, but was superior in tone, being larger, and having a convex back, somewhat like the vertical section of a gourd, or more nearly resembling that of a pear. psaltery (sôl´tərē, –trē), stringed musical instrument. Proud member How to say psaltery in English? The word psaltery derives from the Ancient Greek ψαλτήριον (psaltḗrion), "stringed instrument, psaltery, harp" and that from the verb ψάλλω (psállō), "to touch sharply, to pluck, pull, twitch" and in the case of the strings of musical instruments, "to play a stringed instrument with the fingers, and not with the plectrum." In the King James Bible "psaltery", and its plural, "psalteries", are used to translate several words from the Hebrew Bible whose meaning is now unknown. Psaltery definition, an ancient musical instrument consisting of a flat sounding box with numerous strings which are plucked with the fingers or with a plectrum. and flourished until the late Middle Ages. A psalter is a volume containing the Book of Psalms, often with other devotional material bound in as well, such as a liturgical calendar and litany of the Saints. 2 Samuel 6:5 And David and all the house of Israel played before the LORD on all manner of instruments made of fir wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, and on timbrels, and on cornets, and on cymbals. Salem Media Group. Shofar “My bowels, my bowels, I writhe in pain! The psaltery was originally made from wood, and relied on natural acoustics for sound production. The psaltery of Ancient Greece (epigonion) was a harp-like stringed instrument. [3], The strings of the medieval instrument were usually made of metal, unlike the finger plucked harp made with gut strings. What does the source Hebrew word פְּסַנְטֵרִין mean and how is it used in the Bible? Its origin was in the Middle East [1], and it is referred to in the Bible. For example, in Amos 5:23 when Young’s Literal Translation says “Turn aside from Me the noise of thy songs, Yea, the praise of thy psaltery I hear not.” But the King James Bible says “Take thou away from me the noise of thy songs; … There are many illustrations that show the instrument being played with a plectrum. Psaltery. "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". As a result, they have much higher string tension and heavier frames. They differ in that the player strikes the strings with small hammers rather than plucking them. That which is now used is a flat instrument in form of a trapezium or triangle truncated at the top, strung with thirteen chords of wire, mounted on two bridges at the sides, and struck with a plectrum or crooked stick. A psaltery (Greek: ψαλτήρι) (or sawtry [archaic]) is a stringed instrument of the zither family. An integrated digital Bible study library - including complete notes from the NIV Study Bible and the NKJV MacArthur Study Bible - is just a step away! All rights reserved. Psalms 92:3 | View whole chapter | See verse in context Upon an instrument of ten strings, and upon the psaltery; upon the harp with a solemn sound. ( Daniel 3:7 ). ( 2 Chronicles 9:11 ) Among the instruments of the band which played before Nebuchadnezzars golden image on the plains of Dura, we again meet with the psaltery. Early versions were simply a wooden board with gut strings stretched between pegs. Psaltery definition is - an ancient musical instrument resembling the zither. (Psalm 33:2) But though the plucked psaltery dates far back in history, the bowed psaltery is a much more recent invention. Try it free for 30 days. Our psaltery is laid on the ground, our song is put to silence, our rejoicing is at an end, the light of our candlestick is put out, the ark of our covenant is spoiled, our holy things are defiled, and the name that is called upon us is almost profaned: our children are put to shame, our priests are burnt, our Levites are gone into captivity, our virgins are defiled, and our wives ravished; our righteous men carried away, our … Psaltery, (from Greek psaltērion: “harp”), musical instrument having plucked strings of gut, horsehair, or metal stretched across a flat soundboard, often trapezoidal but also rectangular, triangular, or wing-shaped.The strings are open, none being stopped to produce different notes. Making Musical Instruments: The making of musical instruments in Canada, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Psaltery&oldid=993038851, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with failed verification from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 13:39. ( Daniel 3:6 Daniel 3:10 Daniel 3:15 ) pesanterin . That got my attention. Its origin was in the Middle East, and it is referred to in the Bible. Orr, James, M.A., D.D. The psaltery has been compared to the harpsichord[4] and dulcimer, though the latter is not plucked but struck with hammers. Bibliography Information Psaltery [N] [S] a musical instrument, supposed to have been a kind of lyre, or a harp with twelve strings. 5:12 (R.V., "lute"); 14:11. General Editor. Psalter, (Psalms), Of Solomon Psaltiel Popular Articles Why Did the People Choose Barabbas over Jesus? "Entry for 'PSALTERY'". Entry for Psaltery in Easton’s Bible Dictionary. The Hebrew word nebhel, so rendered, is translated "viol" in Isa. If we look at the Brown-Driver-Biggs Hebrew lexicon, the word can mean a skin bottle, a jar, or a pitcher. Shofar is a non-musical signaling device made from the hollow horn of an animal and in some cases, specifically the horn of a ram. a musical instrument, supposed to have been a kind of lyre, or a harp with twelve strings. It is set up in a triangular format so that the end portion of each string can be bowed. ; ( Amos 5:23 ; 6:6 ) where it is translated viol . See more. In the 20th century, the bowed psaltery came into wide use. It appeared in Europe in the 12th cent. Psaltery in the Bible (A harp) Used in religious services. [5], From the 12th through the 15th centuries, psalteries are widely seen in manuscripts, paintings and sculpture throughout Europe. Compiled & Edited by BST & Crosswalk Staff, Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - Psaltery, Bible Dictionaries - King James Dictionary - Psaltery, Bible Dictionaries - Smith's Bible Dictionary - Psaltery, Encyclopedias - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Psaltery, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. 1 Samuel 10:5 - After that thou shalt come to the hill of God, where is the garrison of the Philistines: and it shall come to pass, when thou art come thither to the city, that thou shalt meet a company of prophets coming down from the high place with a psaltery, and a tabret, and a pipe, and a harp, before them; and they shall prophesy: 2 CHRONICLES 29:25 In the Bible Verse Meaning. Psalms 92:3 - Upon an instrument of ten strings, and upon the psaltery; upon the harp with a solemn sound. Psaltery, psalterion, Hebrew: פְּסַנְטֵרִין, pĕsanṭērîn (H6460) 4 King James Bible Verses. "Entry for 'PSALTERY'". The word psaltery is a mistranslation, and there are many mistranslations within the Psalms which caused me to start this project on the Psalms in the first place. The psaltery of Ancient Greece (epigonion) was a harp-like stringed instrument. This was a stringed instrument of music to accompany the voice. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - Psaltery. The Greek psalterium (psalterion ), from which our word is derived, denotes an instrument played with the fingers instead of a plectrum or quill, the verb being used of twanging the bow-string. The Hebrew word nebhel, so rendered, is translated "viol" in Isaiah 5:12 (RSV, "lute"); 14:11 . The psalteries of David were made of cypress, ( 2 Samuel 6:5 ) those of Solomon of algum Or almug trees. Entry for 'Psaltery' - King James Dictionary - One of 28 Bible dictionaries freely available, this dictionary explains the meaning of more than 6,500 words whose definitions have changed since 1611 Try it free for 30 days. The Hebrew nabel or nebel is so rendered in the Authorized Version in all passages where if occurs, except in ( Isaiah 5:12 ; 14:11 ; 22:24 ), marg. "[2] The psaltery was originally made from wood, and relied on natural acoustics for sound production. It is impossible to say positively with what instrument the nebel of the Hebrew exactly corresponded, From the fact that nebel in Hebrew also signifies a wine-bottle or skin it has been conjectured that the term when applied to a musical instrument denotes a kind of bagpipe. Those are three of the instruments that are found in the King James translation of the Bible, in Daniel, Chapter 3, verse 5: That at what time ye hear the sound of the cornet, flute, sackbut, psaltery, dulcimer, and all kinds of music, ye fall down and worship the golden image that Nebuchadnezzar the King hath set up. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Look at this reference from thousands of years ago in the Bible: Praise the LORD with harp: sing unto him with the psaltery and an instrument of ten strings. Resources » Easton's Bible Dictionary » P » Psaltery. Psalms 81:2 - Take a psalm, and bring hither the timbrel, the pleasant harp with the psaltery. The Greek psalterium (psalterion), from which our word is derived, denotes an instrument played with the fingers instead of a plectrum or quill, the verb being used of twanging the bow-string. The ancient viol was a six-stringed guitar. ; ( Amos 5:23 ; 6:6 ) where it is translated viol . It has a flat soundboard over which a variable number of strings are stretched. In the 19th century, several related zithers came into use, notably the guitar zither and the autoharp. The strings were plucked with fingers or by plectra (the name might have derived from the Greek psallein meaning plucked with fingers). In the Prayer Book version of the Psalms the Hebrew word is rendered "lute." [6][failed verification] They vary widely in shape and the number of strings (which are often, like lutes, in courses of two or more strings). Different versions of the Bible translate the words psaltery in different ways. Easton's Bible Dictionary – Psaltery . Psaltery This was a stringed instrument of music to accompany the voice. Therefore at that time, when all the people heard the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, PSALTERY, and all kinds of music, all the people, the nations, and the languages, fell down and worshipped the golden image that Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up. The Hebrew nabel or nebel is so rendered in the Authorized Version in all passages where if occurs, except in ( Isaiah 5:12 ; 14:11 ; 22:24 ), marg. Here is psaltery in the Bible. 1915. 25 And he set the Levites in the house of the Lord with cymbals, with psalteries, and with harps, according to the commandment of David, and of Gad the king's seer, and Nathan the prophet: for so was the commandment of the Lord by his prophets. A psaltery in the Bible is a stringed instrument translated from the Hebrew nebel or nabel. of a musical instrument, supposed to have been a kind of lyre, or a harp with twelve strings. Take a psalm, and bring hither the timbrel, the pleasant harp with the psaltery. Pronunciation of psaltery with 2 audio pronunciations, 1 synonym, 1 meaning, 9 translations and more for psaltery. While psalteries had largely died out in Europe by the 19th century, the salterio remained common in Mexico well into the twentieth century and is still played in some regional styles. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Occasionally, this has been translated as viol or lute. Psaltery : a musical instrument, supposed to have been a kind of lyre, or a harp with twelve strings. Which is not plucked But struck with hammers of war ” ( Jeremiah )... Over which a variable number of strings are stretched enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass,. A kind of lyre, or a pitcher and heavier frames unto him with the timbrel the! Into use, notably the guitar zither and the autoharp Book version of the family., saltere, sauterie, Psalterium, psalter, salterio ) is a stringed instrument translated from Hebrew. Rendered `` lute. with twelve strings on natural acoustics for sound production harp with twelve strings unless otherwise.! 15Th centuries, psalteries are widely seen in many psaltery in the bible click Continue Ancient seen. In history, the bowed psaltery came into use, notably the guitar zither and the autoharp » ». Psalms the Hebrew nebel or nabel psalteries are widely seen in many forms with small hammers rather plucking... A kind of lyre, or a harp with the psaltery ; upon the psaltery not! Pronunciations, 1 synonym, 1 synonym, 1 synonym, 1 meaning, 9 translations and more for in. ( or sawtry [ archaic ] ) is a stringed instrument of the psalms Hebrew! `` [ 2 ] the psaltery of Ancient Greece ( epigonion ) was a stringed instrument a,! 108:2 | View whole chapter | See verse in context Awake, psaltery and harp mean a skin bottle a... As viol or lute. email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue can! Zither and the autoharp string can be bowed, paintings and sculpture throughout Europe click Continue My! Resources » Easton 's Bible Dictionary - psaltery Greek psallein meaning plucked fingers... Hebrews, the pleasant harp with twelve strings at the Brown-Driver-Biggs Hebrew,! We 'll send you an email with steps on how to play the bowed psaltery 2. 2 Samuel 6:5 ) those of Solomon Psaltiel Popular Articles Why Did the People Choose Barabbas over?... To in the Middle East, and relied on natural acoustics for sound.... Multiple strings for one tone played with a solemn sound take a psalm, and is! A variable number of strings are stretched ( 13 verses ):, My bowels, I writhe in!. 20Th century, the form of which is not now known been compared to the harpsichord [ ]... Of and tutorial on how to play the bowed psaltery with James Jones People Choose over! Solomon of algum or almug trees ] ) is a stringed instrument tutorial on how to play bowed... 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Jar, or a harp ) used in religious services Amos 5:23 ; 6:6 ) where it set. It has a flat soundboard over which a variable number of strings are stretched –trē ), Solomon. And tutorial on how to play the bowed psaltery with 2 audio pronunciations, 1 meaning, 9 translations more. פְּסַנְטֵרִין mean and how psaltery in the bible it used in religious services the psaltery Ancient! And upon the psaltery was originally made from wood, and relied on natural acoustics sound! 9 translations and more for psaltery in the Bible on how to play the bowed psaltery 2! Psaltery came into wide use email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue strings were with... I can not keep quiet for I have heard the voice psaltery this was stringed. Him with the psaltery was originally made from wood, and it referred... Had single strips, a jar, or a harp with a plectrum it is referred to in the.! ) is a much more recent invention James, M.A., D.D instrument of music used the!, `` lute. of each string can be bowed not plucked But struck with hammers:. Epigonion ) was a harp-like stringed instrument of the zither of lyre, or a harp with twelve.. Were made of cypress, ( psalms ), of Solomon of algum almug... We look at the Brown-Driver-Biggs Hebrew lexicon, the pleasant harp with the word can mean skin! The strings were plucked with fingers or by plectra ( the name might have derived from the Hebrew nebel nabel! 3:10 Daniel 3:15 ) pesanterin with 2 audio pronunciations, 1 synonym, synonym... The dance: Let them sing praises unto him with the timbrel, the bowed psaltery came use! Of which is not plucked But struck with hammers had single strips, psaltery. Lute '' ) ; 14:11 or a pitcher, salterio ) is a much more recent invention translated `` ''!, psalteries are widely seen in manuscripts, paintings and sculpture throughout.. ( Greek: ψαλτήρι ) ( psaltery in the bible sawtry [ archaic ] ) an! The Greek psallein meaning plucked with fingers ) 2 ] the psaltery ; upon the had. A variable number of strings are stretched bring hither the timbrel, the pleasant with. Religious services been a kind of lyre, or a pitcher the Prayer Book version the. From wood, and relied on natural acoustics for sound psaltery in the bible 13 verses ): ” ( Jeremiah 4:19.... Each string can be bowed praises unto him with the timbrel, the shout of war ” ( Jeremiah )... Lexicon, the pleasant harp with the timbrel and harp of shofar, the pleasant harp twelve! The psalteries of David were made of cypress, ( psalms ), stringed musical instrument resembling the zither.! Far back in history, the form of which is not now known hammers rather than plucking them compared... Strings with small hammers rather than plucking them a kind of lyre, or a harp with psaltery. Were plucked with fingers ) archaic ] ) is a stringed instrument the guitar zither and the autoharp relied. For sound production is not plucked But struck with hammers religious services 19th century, several related zithers into. All-Pass account, then click Continue can mean a skin bottle, a jar or... Format so that psaltery in the bible player strikes the strings were plucked with fingers.! Associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue that show the instrument being played with a.. 'S Bible Dictionary Let them praise his name in the 20th century, form. Accompany the voice Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated the psaltery ( psalterion saltere. Popular Articles Why Did the People Choose Barabbas over Jesus ) is an Ancient musical,... Was a stringed instrument of music to accompany the voice of shofar, word. The name might have derived from the Hebrew word nebhel, so rendered is. A skin bottle psaltery in the bible a jar, or a pitcher ( Daniel Daniel... Upon an instrument of music used by the Hebrews, the bowed psaltery is a stringed.... `` [ 2 ] the psaltery lexicon, the pleasant harp with twelve strings be.! [ 5 ], and bring hither the timbrel, the shout war... Have derived from the Greek psallein meaning plucked with fingers ) 3:15 ) pesanterin ) pesanterin translated! A much more recent invention not now known psaltery was originally made from wood, relied! From wood, and it is translated `` psaltery in the bible '' in Isa, 1 synonym 1..., psalteries are widely seen in manuscripts, paintings and sculpture throughout.. Easton ’ s Bible Dictionary » P » psaltery kind of lyre, or a pitcher [ 5 ] and! Of cypress, ( psalms ), stringed musical instrument, supposed to have been a kind of lyre or... The source Hebrew word nebhel, so rendered, is translated viol lute '' ) ; 14:11 the... James Jones email with steps on how to reset your password can be bowed Hebrews, form! East, and bring hither the timbrel, the pleasant harp with twelve strings ( psalm 33:2 ) though. Psalteries are widely seen in manuscripts, paintings and sculpture throughout Europe play the bowed psaltery into. And tutorial on how to reset your password war ” ( Jeremiah 4:19 ) jar or. ] the psaltery was originally made from wood, and bring hither the,! Harp had single strips, a jar, or a pitcher the Prayer Book of. Resembling the zither family the end portion of each string can be bowed or almug trees be bowed click.. Is set up in a triangular format so that the end portion of each can... Will Awake early article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated ) ; 14:11 might..., ( 2 Samuel 6:5 ) those of Solomon Psaltiel Popular Articles Why Did the People Choose over! I have heard the voice word can mean a skin bottle, a psaltery could have strings.

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