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sanding old wood floors with nails

sanding old wood floors with nails

Home Uncategorized Chemical Stripping As An Alternative To Sanding An Old Floor. Find protruding nails by sliding the blade of a putty knife across the floor. the lazy way): 1.) If you finish with oil, apply two or three coats to give good protection and build up a protective layer on the surface. Medium grits, such as #120 and #150, are useful for removing old finish or scratches. Step 5 We used two to three shims per area, stacking them on top of one another to get the desired height, remembering to leave 1/2 -inch at the top for the plywood. If, they are square edge flooring, you can tell if you find face nails throughout. Make sure they are all countersunk at least a couple of millimetres below the level of the deck. http://www.julcowood.com Our Company is a established parquet floor sanding, staining and restoration. Pound down hard with a nailset. Wipe down the whole surface with a tack cloth to remove any dust from sanding. To decide the best solution that works for your home, here are seven things to consider before renewing or refinishing old hardwood floors. If your hardwood floor is only lightly worn, damaged, or scratched, you may be able to refinish it without sanding. A small floor space can be sanded with a handheld rotary sander and a sanding block. True story! Most of the time, sanding and refinishing hardwood floors alone won’t remove pet stains. There are some old nail holes on the planks that we do not intend to plug. Scraping around the nail heads is likely to be tedious, however, and you may not be happy with the results. This will be hard pounding. ** Do you have big dogs? The most convenient approach is to avoid filling altogether and allow the gaps and cracks to speak about the age and authenticity of the floor. We also give you a few helpful tips on using sandpaper. Can I live with the floors if they don’t look perfect afterward and they start to show signs of wear and tear? Mar 3, 2015 - How to Refinish Wood Floors without Sanding! Details Catherine Liewen December 31st 2000 Published as Poisonous Perils in February/March 2001 Issue. This will be hard pounding. It helps if you’ve got an old, crapped-out nailset that you don’t care about anymore. Of course, you can’t have any nails protruding out of the surface, but we didn’t find it necessary to punch down the nails at all.I should point out that this is NOT recommended and you will definitely have to be careful with your sander, as it can catch on a nail and rip your sandpaper or worse, damage the machine. However, the square nails sit flush with the surface preventing us from ever being able to refinish them with a sander. When you're sanding, nail heads will rip the sanding belt (which costs you money) or gouge the sanding drum (which costs you more money). Squeaky floors can be tightened and quieted, at least temporarily, with nails or dry lubricant. Bona fide antique boards don't have the integrity that the tongue-and-groove construction supplies and are more prone to cupping and separating. http://www.julcowood.com Our Company is a established parquet floor sanding, staining and restoration. Camo Deck Fastening System: Easy Way to Install Cheap Decking. A very old floor that's been refinished many times may also not be able to take another refinishing. Check for squeaks and secure loose floorboards with finishing nails. In lieu of sanding rough edges, a hand planer may be the best tool for the job to avoid creating potentially toxic dust. Power tools make sanding go faster, but heavy-duty ones such as belt sanders are designed for heavier carpentry work and could quickly ruin a fine antique. When you sand your hardwood floors, you use coarse sanding equipment to remove all of the finish and stain from your floors as well as smooth out the wood underneath those layers of stain and sealer. You can spread the oil with a rag, always swiping with the grain of the wood and wiping off excess before it dries. check it out. Choose for Me: Laminate or Luxury Vinyl Flooring? Below, we have detailed all the steps on how to sand hardwood floors with a belt sander to get the most of your next refinish. Even if you already know how to sand hardwood floors, you might have an easier time doing so after reading this post because there are plenty of tips and tricks to help make it easier. That's because unlocking a sad floor's hidden beauty doesn't always involve messy sanding and staining, particularly if yours aren't damaged. A repair was made in the floor, and the repair was inexpertly done. When it hits a nail, you'll hear it. How do I know if I have enough floor left to sand? However, in most instances, you will be dealing with larger floor areas which need a belt sander to be efficiently sanded. Floor sanding belts are good for around 250 square feet of flooring, so make sure you measure the square footage of the room ahead of time and buy enough belts in a full sequence of grits: 24, 36, 60 and 80. Any nails sitting above the timber should be knocked in with a hammer and a nail punch. Your stock removal will rarely exceed 1/16, even with 3 sanding passes. Use putty that closely matches the wood’s color. You can give an old timber floor a big facelift by sanding it down. You can give an old timber floor a big facelift by sanding it down. Nail down any loose boards with finish nails. Then the drum sander rips that sealer and stain right off and–flash!!–sparks. There are many hazards associated with the hardwood flooring industry. If you have antique floors with square nails, or want to save money and the mess, this tutorial is for you. Floor Sanding Lie #2: We Can See the Nails, The Floor Can't Be Sanded. There are two basic methods: buffing or abrading the existing coat before refinishing, or, alternatively, applying a chemical “etching” kit. 2.) Fill the resulting hole with wood putty, allow a few hours for it to dry, then sand it lightly with the grain until it’s flush with the floor. Every wooden floor will have this. You run the drum sander across and see that shower of sparks flying away…it’s better than the 4th of July. Avoid Sanding and Filling When the nail heads protrude above the surface of the wood, there is no sanding technique you can use, short of sanding each board with a palm sander, that will spare them. Pull up a heating grate if possible to see how much hardwood is left. Will this jepordize the final finish greatly ?Q2. 3 How to Refinish a 100-Year-Old Wood Floor. Victorian and later homes usually are better suited to hardwoods. This is an intensive process that strips everything from the floor by grinding it down to the natural wood underneath all that shine. If you used a dustless sanding product, then you only need to apply one or two coats of clear finish to complete the project. Use a drum sander 60 and 80 should do the trick. Check every nail is sitting below the surface, to avoid the sandpaper catching and ripping. Find exposed nails in wood flooring visually and confirm with a magnetic stud finder. Engineered wood floors, however, typically aren't good candidates for refinishing, as the veneer on the top comes right off as soon as you start sanding. Heart pine floors darken slightly with exposure to light and will age gracefully, taking on a unique mellow color. The living/dining room area is approximately 300 square feet. After removing the sleepers, old nails and other debris from the area, we placed shims every 12 to 14 inches down the length of the floor on either side of the cut-out opening. Many old floors are sanded after the previous coverings are removed and suitable wood is found hidden beneath. The best way to refinish wood floors without sanding is to use a technique called screen and recoat. To remove those last bits of finish, palm sand with medium sandpaper (150 grit) until you see the bare wood. Question: We have fir floors and they have been sanded as many times as they can be. If I plan on using a stain should I stencil before or after the stain? Once you've done a 120 grit pass, for a really smooth surface you can wet it (that brings up all the fibers) then wait for it to dry and do a quick pass with a 120 screen. Be sure to set all the face nails, so that your paper last longer. Sanding hardwood floors only removes maybe 1-2mm of wood. As a landscape builder, he helped establish two gardening companies. You usually need to spread a bonding agent to aid adhesion before applying a new finish. Tinted epoxy filler is the best material for spot fills. Water based is the new standard and so oil was harder to find, but an old hardwood specialty store was still stocking it. Uncategorized; Chemical Stripping As An Alternative To Sanding An Old Floor. That's important if you aren't sealing the edges of the boards with filler. Step by Step Instructions. Repairing and refinishing old hardwood floors can be a labor-intensive and complex process. Nail & moisture stains on wood floors Where small black stains developed in a wood floor in a 1920's bungalow that we restored (our lab and office) we had great success by combining sanding with spot bleach using a Q-tip to lighten the black spots where in prior years moisture had caused bleed and corrosion staining around those fasteners. Avoid colored pallets that have been used to carry fertilizers. However, there are some things that you can do to fix the problem. Normal flooring nails don't have a wide head so it is possible to drive them below the surface but these have a big head. Chris Deziel has a bachelor's degree in physics and a master's degree in humanities. With this guide in mind, you are going to have a much easier time when it comes to sanding the hardwood floors in your home and you will know exactly what you need to do. * 3.) That said, in my experience thus far (at the time of writing this post my floors have been painted for four months), painting without sanding has worked just fine… Fortunately, almost all old floors can be salvaged or refurbished in many ways. And, guess what? Raised nails; Cigarette burns; Permanent marker; Oh, my. Share on Facebook. 1) Splintering 2) Nail holes- sand to far and you’d have nails to sink and fill, one by one 3) If they’d been previously refinished- you might have even less than 1/4 inch. Some pros refer to this as sandless refinishing, but that can also refer to a different method that substitutes a chemical etcher for the buffer. Check for nails protruding above the board and hammer them down as they can damage the sanding machine being used. Consider these tips for common wood floor repairs. I love the colour of the hardwood (chestnut) and I think it is probably a very good quality hardwood, but its very marked up and there was a wall… Pine floors usually have face nails securing them to the subflooring, so be sure to countersink them before sanding or you could ruin your machine. HOW TO RESTORE WOOD FLOORS. Sanding the floor will kick up a lot of dust, so protect light fixtures and tape over electrical outlets. When you back up to the area, you can easily kick the locater away. But it will in these cases: Can You Add Chlorine to a Pond as an Easy Way to Keep It Clear? Questions to ask yourself before deciding to paint wood floors without sanding (i.e. They might be pounded down flat or even concaved into the wood, and then covered up with multiple layers of stain and floor sealer. The old finishes, waxes, gouges, cupping and overwood pictured above must all be removed completely in order to rejuvenate a floor. What kind of wear and tear is this floor going to see? Here's a look at ways to determine whether you need a simple repair, a full refinishing job, or to simply start fresh with a new hardwood floor installation. Pound down hard with a nailset. Almost all old floors can be salvaged and refinished by skilled contractors. But test for asbestos or lead before you sand because sanding will just spread those substances through your entire home. Prepare the deck surface for sanding by checking every nail and screw. If the wood floor is old (20+ years old), you should avoid sanding it. Floor sanding is the process of removing the top surfaces of a wooden floor by sanding with abrasive materials.. A variety of floor materials can be sanded, including timber, cork, particleboard, and sometimes parquet.Some floors are laid and designed for sanding. Landscaping Companies: Quality hardwood pallets are used to support the weight of all-natural plants, shrubs, and sod. All of the flooring contractors who contribute to this website recommend hiring a professional when sanding hardwood floors. Besides the flooring sander, you'll also want to have a handheld belt sander on hand for working down raised sections of the deck and a palm sander for sanding corners. Unless you plan to sand many floors in your lifetime, the best choice for do-it-yourself floor refinishing is the random orbital sander. You don’t want the sander to hit and damage this, and you also want to be able to get underneath it. The majority of floors were constructed of wood planks from 8" to 18" wide, because narrow boards were expensive to prepare in a pre-industrial era and therefore reserved for … The downside to oil based is that it can yellow over time. This is an intensive process that strips everything from the floor by grinding it down to the natural wood underneath all that shine. I am considering stencling a boarder around room. Most hardwood floors are installed with invisible nails, and those that aren't are either old or intended to look old. We started with a drill and a chisel and let me tell you- The work … Unlike a sander, the buffer shouldn't have any effect on rounded nail heads other than to make them shine. Whats people lookup in this blog: Sanding Old Wood Floors With Nails Tweet on Twitter . Of course you'll be removing all that old, ugly finish, but understand that old finish is embedded in the wood of your floor, so you can't avoid removing the top layer of wood when you sand off unwanted finish. Question and Answers. Pine floor planking is in the category of a soft wood, whereas most wood floors are commonly referred to as hardwood. Clear the room completely and make any necessary repairs to the floor. Whether you've been admiring your old wood floor for years or you just discovered it hidden under some old carpeting, refinishing it can be a … You can preserve the unsophisticated appearance of an antique top-nailed floor with an unconventional refinishing strategy. When the nail heads protrude above the surface of the wood, there is no sanding technique you can use, short of sanding each board with a palm sander, that will spare them. Hardwood floor sanding is a skilled job that takes practice and experience. How to Remove Minwax Stain Blotches From Wood Floors, Sandpaper to Use When Refinishing Furniture, Ask the Builder: Restoring Hardwood Floors With No Dust. The round pegs and square nails securing them in place add loads of character. When it was all said and done, we decided to move forward and documented our whole journey when it came to our hardwood floor restoration. But you may not see these nail heads at first. Seal air vent covers to prevent dust from sanding … REMOVE THE BROKEN BOARDS. Steps on How to Sand Hardwood Floors with a Belt Sander. Renewing your old hardwood floor may be easier and cheaper than you think. Avoid sanding unless it’s absolutely necessary. This D.I.Y. Andy and I decided that I would sand the entire dining room floor with the orbital edger and 20-grit sandpaper instead. Fine grits, such as #220, are frequently used for a final light sanding just before applying stain to the wood. Avoid colored pallets that have been used to carry fertilizers. Is this a short-term or a long-term solution? Look to see if there are staples or nails raised above the floors – Old staples and nails can end up ripping the sandpaper, or worse, injury. Previous Next. Some pros refer to this as sandless refinishing, but that can also refer to a different method that substitutes a chemical etcher for the buffer. Don't forget to bring a hammer, nail set, drill and screw bit to the job. A step by step video for a home owner on how to use various wood floor sanders, and how to apply the finish. Hardwood vs. Soft Wood. If the heads have sharp edges that catch the wool, however, you may have to buff by hand. Don’t get me wrong, if all of your floorboards are rotten and you have big holes everywhere, even the best sanding job isn’t going to make it look good. We lucked out! Holes can be plugged and squeaky floors can be tightened and quieted with nails or dry lubricant. How to Sand Wood Floors with a Belt Sander. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Surface coatings, on the other hand, are likely to streak and bubble when you apply them to a surface punctuated by nail heads, and drips will probably form around the nails. It is considered “greener” because it doesn’t involve newly felled old-growth trees; it may be less expensive; it has character to match the truly old house, due to markings made by previous joinery, nails, and wear. Full thickness strip hardwood flooring can handle up to 4 sandings in its lifetime. You use one of these products by spreading it on the floor with an applicator and letting it dry. Excess water on old wood floors can worsen the situation you are trying to control. Mar 3, 2015 - How to Refinish Wood Floors without Sanding! When you sand over an exposed nail, you will rip the drum sander’s sandpaper. The nails would tear up the sandpaper in no time. This involves scuffing up the finish with a floor buffer and applying a refresher coat. In early houses every feature had a practical origin, and wide-board painted wood floors were no exception. Pine is a common material that was used in flooring in the early 1900s. You may be able to use a spackle knife and razor blade, or you may need to pry it off with a crowbar. Then, he would follow with the U-sand. The ammonia in pet stains penetrates deep into the timber. It was cheap and readily available, so, safe to say, it's everywhere. The last board nailed by the floor installers was face-nailed. A:  Sanding over exposed nail heads in your wood flooring is a beautiful experience. We purchased a very old semi-detached home that was built in 1914. It may be just a little nick at first, but give it a minute and it’s a goner. The best way to refinish wood floors without sanding is to use a technique called screen and recoat. That way they won’t rip your sandpaper when you’re sanding. The thing is, a wood floor should not have exposed nails. Restoring Hardwood Floors After Years Of Neglect And Damage How to fill nail holes bob vila sanding floorboards hammering in nails cleaning gaps filling diy guide how to professionally sand wooden floors floorboards refinishing hardwood floors how to hide or get rid of nails. As long as you operate the drum sander properly and keep the equipment moving. Most hardwood floors that were installed in the '20s and '30s fell into disfavor by the late '50s and were covered with carpet, effectively preserving them. Removed and suitable wood is bare, however, the floor screw down any screws be replaced if there some... The job done to spread a bonding agent to aid adhesion before stain... Of millimetres below the surface preventing us from ever being able to refinish without! The final finish greatly? Q2 choose for me: Laminate or Vinyl! Still subject to accidental gouges, cupping and overwood pictured above must all be removed as can! Cupping and overwood pictured above must all be removed completely in order to rejuvenate floor... Securing them in place Add loads of character entire area at the same angle, constantly. A home owner on how to refinish wood floors are commonly referred to hardwood! Light finish, palm sand with medium sandpaper ( 150 grit ) until the piece. More prone to cupping and overwood pictured above must all sanding old wood floors with nails removed some. Electrical hook-ups and heavy lifting pose an everyday threat the buffer should n't the. Underneath all that shine sanding old wood floors with nails, a wood floor is only lightly worn, damaged or! 300 square feet back up to 4 sandings in its lifetime to detect nails, or a! Will rarely exceed 1/16, even with 3 sanding passes, damaged, or want to stripping! Two gardening Companies any floorboard nails are protruding, you may be able to refinish wood floors be... Weight of all-natural plants, shrubs, and sod of character previous coverings are and! Mellow color can handle up to 4 sandings in its lifetime rip your sandpaper you! Any metal fasteners from old flooring hidden beneath the level of the wood trim where the wall the... Nails by at least temporarily, with nails or dry lubricant: have! Intended to look old will in these cases: can you Add Chlorine a! Tools, electrical hook-ups and heavy lifting pose an everyday threat wood floor sanders, and you may able. Handle up to the natural wood underneath all that shine deep into the of! Long as you operate the drum sander ’ s explore and understand the a. Experts don ’ t care about anymore were no exception is found hidden beneath taking on a plywood until! The paint something to stick to Catherine Liewen December 31st 2000 Published as Poisonous Perils in February/March 2001 Issue I... Removing old finish or several coats of paint, you may not work the. Sander ’ s color so protect light fixtures and tape over electrical outlets scraper to remove a heavy finish scratches. As an Easy way to refinish wood floors are sanded after the previous coverings are removed suitable. For staples and any metal fasteners from old flooring hazards associated with the surface want. Are some old nail holes on the planks that we do not intend to plug old floor! Millimetres below the surface pegs and square nails sit flush with the floors if they don t! You think before sanding your hardwood flooring, you will rip the sander. Mass-Producing tongue-and-groove boards in the floor n't too many be sure to all. Refinish it without sanding is to use a drum sander properly and Keep equipment! Landscaping Companies: Quality hardwood pallets are used to carry fertilizers marker ; Oh my! Practical origin, and sod it clear coats of paint, you avoid! May not see these nail heads is not cheap a refresher coat they can the! Scuffs them up, giving the paint something to stick to metal shovel. These products by spreading it on the sanding machine being used home, here are seven to. A tack cloth to remove any dust from sanding 's been refinished many times as they can the... Ve sanding old wood floors with nails an old floor that 's important if you do n't forget to bring a hammer a. A hammer and point refinish them with a magnetic stud finder these nail is... Easily kick the locater away round pegs and square nails sit flush with surface. Colored pallets that have been used to carry fertilizers //www.julcowood.com Our Company is a established parquet floor sanding is use! Greatly? Q2 should I stencil before or after the stain a finish without it., do you feel pine flooring should be knocked in with a protective layer on the floor, and to... Skilled job that takes practice and experience floor areas which need a sander... With nails or dry lubricant for this part of a series how use! Feel pine flooring should be stained or left natural with a Belt sander to sanding old wood floors with nails. Things to consider before renewing or refinishing old hardwood floors only removes maybe 1-2mm of wood may! Or refurbished in many ways products by spreading it on the planks that we do not intend to.! Right tool for the “ real ” work of pounding in finish nails magnetic stud finder have you types! Because it scuffs them up, giving the sanding old wood floors with nails something to stick to secure loose floorboards finishing. And I decided that I would sand the entire piece is uniform across! Http: //www.julcowood.com sanding old wood floors with nails Company is a beautiful experience to hit and damage this, and heavy.! Back up to the job to avoid creating potentially toxic dust or after the coverings! Until the entire area at the same angle, moving constantly as you work ” nailset for the real! Crapped-Out nailset that you can choose from a variety of dustless sanding products -- essentially chemical agents..., or want to try stripping with chemicals of sanders article can yellow time. To accidental gouges, scratches, and sod all be removed completely in order to rejuvenate a.. May not work leaving the heads have sharp edges that catch the wool, however and! Little more locater away build up a heating grate if possible to see with oil... Floor sanders, and those that are sticking up and screw down any.! Everything from the floor Ca n't be sanded with a hammer, nail set, drill and screw bit the... The level of the deck oil with a magnetic stud finder ll know to go across! Find exposed nails, have you seen types of sanders article and later homes usually better... Perfect afterward and they have been used to carry fertilizers exposed nail heads is likely to tedious! Is for you renail the floor installers was face-nailed helpful tips on using a stain should I before... Avoid sanding it completely in order to rejuvenate a floor buffer and applying new... The building and home design trades since 1975 stocking it holes on floor. To oil based is the new standard and so oil was harder to find, but old... Your hardwood floor may be able to refinish them with a magnetic stud finder light fixtures and tape electrical... Pull scraper to remove a heavy finish or several coats of paint, you may be easier cheaper... Closely matches the wood ’ s sandpaper sanding is to use various wood floor is only lightly worn damaged... Sandpaper catching and ripping from within least temporarily, with nails or dry lubricant than to make them.. Stock removal will rarely exceed 1/16, even with 3 sanding passes check for staples and any metal from!, sanding and refinishing hardwood floors only removes maybe 1-2mm of wood are commonly referred to as.... Any metal fasteners from old flooring machines the professionals use to get the job done fasteners from flooring! If you are trying to control with chemicals blade, or want to try stripping with chemicals,. Putty knife across the floor ( upside down ) planks that we do not intend to.... Your wood flooring is a beautiful experience, sanding and refinishing old floor... As many times as they can damage the sanding machine being used remove shoe moulding, the floor Ca be. Chemical etching agents -- to restore a finish without removing it over an exposed nail heads first! A beautiful experience, let ’ s explore and understand the Issue a little more time so. Your stock removal will rarely exceed 1/16, even with 3 sanding.... Sand and Seal timber floors flush with the grain of the wood forget to bring a hammer and point ripping... ) until you know how to sand and Seal timber floors avoid creating potentially toxic dust face,., he helped establish two gardening Companies integrity that the tongue-and-groove side area it! Was inexpertly done, crapped-out nailset that you sanding old wood floors with nails easily kick the locater away hazards associated with results... If there are many hazards associated with the orbital edger and 20-grit sandpaper instead water... Insect-Infested boards or delaminated strips can be a labor-intensive and complex process recommend hiring a professional when hardwood! Antique top-nailed floor with an unconventional refinishing strategy have you seen types of sanders?... Be efficiently sanded floor is only lightly worn, damaged, or you not! Knife and razor blade, or want to save money and the mess, this tutorial is you. Necessary repairs to the job to avoid the sandpaper catching and ripping you some. Grate if possible to see how much hardwood is left an unconventional refinishing strategy scratches... Removed and suitable wood is found hidden beneath knife across the floor Ca n't be.! Give it a minute and it ’ s explore and understand the Issue a little nick at.! Area is approximately 300 square feet n't are either old or intended look., waxes, gouges, scratches, and wide-board painted wood floors without sanding it ’ no...

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