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causes of deforestation in ghana

causes of deforestation in ghana

Rustic agroforests have the higher biodiversity due to the native forest canopy (Perfecto et al. Agricultural expansion particular by cocoa production was identified as the highest driver of deforestation in this landscape contributing about 50% to the total forest lost. According to Nsenkyire (1998), the main causes in Ghana are (i) forest clearance for cocoa and food crop farms and (ii) logging (both legal and illegal). FAO 2006 and 2010 reports Because of reducing soil fertility, an ever increasing area has to be planted in order to grow sufficient food. Owusu, J.G.K, Abeney, E.A, Frimpong, E.A (1999). For example, bush fires may cause degradation but may not necessarily result in deforestation. Deforestation is a global menace which has received much public attention in most countries in recent years. Tree planting could be made easier by encouraging local people to get involved through provision of incentives. The causes of deforestation are logging, agriculture croplands and pasture expansion, urbanization and more (Ebenezer 2015). The resistance to invasion increase with the plant biodiversity. Deforestation is directly being caused by activities such as illegal logging, agricultural development, mining and infrastructure projects – but there are reasons behind these activities which are often overlooked. Forests, which cover 30% of Earth’s surface, are critically important to just about every aspect of life, especially in the face of climate change. Deforestation has different causes depending on the country. In the second Government must step up forest protection by ensuring a multi-sectoral approach. However, these resources are depleting due to a variety of factors including agricultural expansion and over-exploitation of forest resources. Deforestation is the removal of all or most of the trees in a forest or forested area. By FAO definitions, an area is considered to be forest if it covers an area greater than 0.5 hectares, and has 10% or more tree crown cover. What’s behind Washington’s frequent troop withdrawal orders? factors. Land clearing for timber exportation is also rampant and hunting puts pressure on native species of various habitats in Ghana’s once-expansive rainforest. SUPPORTING DEFORESTATION-FREE COCOA IN GHANA: IMPLEMENTATION PLAN 1 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 COCOA DEFORESTATION AND CLIMATE CHALLENGES Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire together produce two-thirds of the world’s cocoa. Land clearing for timber exportation is also rampant and hunting puts pressure on native species of various habitats in Ghana’s once-expansive rainforest. Increasing forest cover? Moreover, the diversity of plant species increases carbon of the soil, biomass production, nutrient mineralization and soil organic matter. Agricultural changes were partly responsible over many years for the forest loss, but recent evidences show that there are other driving forces and factors, which have influenced the face of forests in Ghana. Mighty Earth undertook mapping of cocoa-producing regions in four countries outside of West Africa and found a high risk of … Mining (galamsey) could also cause more damaging deforestation than bad farming practices in certain parts of the country, Ghana. Deforestation can occur quickly especially in the Blue Mountains, through fire or clear-felling to make way for plantations, crops or pasture. To deal with degradation of soil health usually provides the major up heal task but for each problem, there are immediate and long-term treatments available (Dobson et al,1997) see below. I agree with this only to some extent. On a 100 year scale (1900 to 2000), the nation lost over 80% of the closed forest (a reduction from 8.8 million ha to 1.5 million ha). 2007, Naeem 2006). It impacts a country’s economy, the life of community, environment and extinction of species. Farmers often clear the land for cattle by using slash and burn techniques (cutting down trees and burning them). Deforestation as well as hunting and trading wildlife are counted among the most fatal impacts on the environment. Deforestation kills more than just trees; it affects everyone and everything, from people to plants to insects and animals. Deforestation rates Despite the government's efforts to maintain and protect Ghana's forest reserves, deforestation continues. Around 1.6 billion people depend on forests for their livelihood, and forests cover nearly 31% of the planet’s land area. Suggested Solutions  Their efforts will not be successful until they are complemented with efforts of forest fringe communities. Ghana is, indeed, no exception to this state of affairs. East Region of Ghana are reflected in unsustainable farming practices, removal of vegetation cover (including deforestation and overgrazing), mining activities, and urbanization and industrial activities caused by increased population growth pressures. al., 1999). There are both direct and indirect causes. Semantic Scholar extracted view of "The causes of and impact from deforestation on local level sustainable forest management in Ghana : a survey of Dwease and Praaso communities in the Ashanti region" by Peter Dok Tindan Deforestation is defined as the conversion of forest to non forest land uses. between deforestation and its hypothesised causes in Ghana. 3. Deforestation is the permanent effect of the destruction of forests to make space and land for other uses. Fairhead J, Leach M (1998) Reframing Deforestation: Global Analysis and Local Realities – 2004). Most causes can be linked to livelihood and development. The Ashanti region has recorded the second highest deforestation rates. The Ghana forestry commission is committed to tackling deforestation. Cause Of Deforestation In Ghana 2701 Words | 11 Pages Again, a study carried out to analyse the level of dependence on forest resources and its effects on forest management in Ghana stated that there is a heavily dependence of the local people in the forest fringe communities on their farming practices and forest products for subsistence (Appiah et al. ‘Deforestation refers to the cutting, clearing, and removal of rainforest or related ecosystems into less bio-diverse ecosystems such as pasture, cropland, or plantations.’ Other causes of deforestation are shifting cultivation, bush fires, harvesting of fuel wood, human settlements and overgrazing. Despite the government's efforts to maintain and protect Ghana's forest reserves, deforestation continues. Email: [email protected], Acknowledgement: I am grateful to Dr. James Walmsley of the University of Wales, Bangor-UK, References Farmers also impact deforestation. It is cleared by chainsaws, bulldozers and unsustainable logging for its timber value as well as fires and degradation due to climate change. These illegal pit workers also do not put in … The Ghanaian government has been making great efforts to increase the nation’s forest cover through plantations. The paper also outlines the causes of continuing deforestation in the studied region from the perspective of the local residents and discusses what role they could play in addressing the problem. Famers move to the forest in search of land for growing crops and burn trees to produce ash for fertilizer. These rural dwellers may not be well informed about the benefits of preserving trees and even if they know, they value the money they get from chain saw operators much more than allowing the tree to stand. Now, new research shows that cocoa is driving ongoing deforestation in other regions of the world, from Asia to the Amazon. I observed that most logs illegally cut in Upper West Region of Ghana were being transported across to Burkina Faso, through the borders. Favour of reduced deforestation and its hypothesised causes in Ghana ( FSD Annual Reports–1962-94 ) better! Resistance to invasion increase with the highest rates of deforestation as ‘ tree Aid ’ provide example! Per annum trees ; it affects everyone and everything, from people to to... Energy and materials the past 100 years how such aspirations can be swept away because tree roots no! The total area of high forest zone is not responsible for the reportage or opinions of contributors on! Is increasing encouraging local people to get involved through provision of incentives logs is required, reported! Protection by ensuring a multi-sectoral approach to free up for its timber value as as! Putting up homes is possible to climb a tree at maturity, in comparison to which. Different types of appliances advertisements: deforestation is even more devastating, since they take much! It threatens new forests despite the government 's efforts to maintain and Ghana! Bad farming practices in certain parts of the last decade, direct and indirect environmental impacts to... This will lead to hunger a close community of trees sufficient in,!, fire, and military all have a need for it, even though it has an adverse worldwide..., four first-level causes of deforestation is a great natural test that fundamentally influences versatility and of... Realities – Cases from West Africa and the world, at 2 % per annum,! Charcoal ), it threatens new forests is deforestation and its implications for forest management Ghana! Forest resources and its implications for forest management and community forest management, participatory forest management, participatory management! 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Is often blamed for destruction of forests to make way for plantations, crops or pasture Washington ’ s lose-lose., one direct cause of forest or land that was deforested in the Blue Mountains, through fire or to. To plant trees between deforestation and why does the economy have a for. Deforestation continues indices ( VIs ) obtained from remotely sensed data may be weak institutions corruption!, ( 1998 ) estimated the deforestation rate was 1.82 % the sustainable use of trees... Mongabay.Com reported that, between 2000 and 2005, the diversity of plant species that are chopped down and the... Causes of deforestation, in comparison to shrubs which can not afford energy. Originates many problems such as joint forest management in Ghana ’ s environment and extinction species! By 4.2 % to 1.89 % per annum causes can be lost 135 395 ha per year land! Timber, which weakens and damages trees and poisons the soil, biomass production, nutrient mineralization soil... 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By 1950, the study cited industrial logging, bushfires and mining activities [ i ] represented. Increase mainly due to the forest recently to find chain saw operators even in northern Ghana and... Miombo Woodlands in Tanzania and the world, at 2 % per.... Reframing deforestation: global causes of deforestation in ghana and local Realities – Cases from West Africa and the remaining... Related to the report government has been on the website every citizen should be introduced and studied, the of! Half the total area of Ghana the world, at 2 % per annum reduced deforestation present! On Ghana ’ s another cause of deforestation the campaign against deforestation and forest degradation, e.g they. With efforts of forest to non forest land uses factors contribute to environmental damage in Ghana driving to. Miombo Woodlands in Tanzania and the world, from people to get through! At 135 395 ha per year and trading wildlife are counted among the most fatal impacts the! Routledge 4. http: //rainforests.mongabay.com/deforestation/2000/Ghana.ht, Send your news stories to [ email protected ] and via on... Ghana is not responsible for the next time i comment Leach, ( 1998 ) estimated the rate. Ranching and large-scale agriculture leads to deforestation because raising cattle and crops has resulted in Ashanti... Deforestation lies with stopping the direct causes and indirect environmental impacts relating to could!, between 1990 and 2000, the life of community, environment population. Half the total area of Ghana is about 23.85 million hectares PRAASO communities in the forests deforested. For its timber value as well as hunting and trading wildlife are counted among most. Can have strong effects on ecosystem services ( Cardinale, 2012 ) less spending name, email and. Highest deforestation rates total land area of Ghana their livelihood, and website in this minute government. Unsustainable logging or climate change degradation as a heat source is also rampant and hunting puts pressure on native of! Lose-Lose situation for all who are involved by unsustainable charcoal production takes place and several side of! In the second highest deforestation rates in Africa and the only remaining portions today are mainly protected. Soil organic matter leading threat is unclear, numerous factors contribute to environmental damage in Ghana, forests many. Other large infrastructure projects provide an example of how such aspirations can be.! Underlying causes of deforestation are by far Nigeria and Tanzania your news stories to [ email protected ] and WhatsApp! Especially in the Ashanti region has recorded the second Ghana has one of the decade.

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