Average rainfall total for the month of April is 4.16” and as of the 7th, 1.11” has been recorded so far. The UMass Amherst winter moth control project was begun in 2005 with support from the Massachusetts Legislature, and later the USDA and the Massachusetts Department … Many robins, blue jays, cardinals, woodpeckers, chickadees and other birds are beginning their mating rituals and building nests. Over the past Night temperatures have been mostly around 40 degrees. Winter moth outbreaks and defoliation was first noticed in Massachusetts on Cape Anne on the North Shore, and near Cohasset, Hingham, and Rockland on the South Shore in the late 1990s. They may even cause tree mortality where gypsy moth has already reduced the oak population. We need your help. General Conditions: Welcome to our first installment of the 2020 Landscape Message in the Pioneer Valley. Recommended Citation. We'd love to hear about it! Egg masses of this insect are gray in color and look similar in some ways to gypsy moth egg masses. The parasitic flies only attack winter moth and the adult flies are around for just a few weeks in May making it a good biocontrol agent. Last year at this time, we were coming to grips with the widespread effects of winter injury on many broad-leaved evergreens. Situations & Solutions. Despite the fact that this spring has been drastically different for so many of us in so many sometimes devastating ways, the familiarity of our landscapes “waking up” is something to hold onto and perhaps enjoy all the more. Since then plant development has slowed and normalized. We had one big snow storm in early December, with accumulations ranging from 12–18ʺ in the valley, while some hill towns recorded much higher totals. Pests/Problems: As others have noted, ticks are active and deer are browsing up a storm. For specific information on preferred treatment options in your region, we recommend contacting your local extension agent. Trunk Rot caused by Climacodon septentrionalis (https://ag.umass.edu/landscape/fact-sheets/trunk-rot-caused-by-climacodon-septentrionalis). These key points typically represent life cycle stages when management actions are most effective. High res. Well-Wishes for a Healthy, Safe 2020 Season from the Landscape, Nursery, and Urban Forestry Program. Soil moisture was excessive for much of the winter and those plants that don’t tolerate wet feet in the winter might have suffered. The first webinar will be on Gypsy Moth and Hardwood Defoliators of Massachusetts on Tuesday, December 1 st from noon to 1 pm.. DCR Forest Health Specialist, Felicia Hubacz will discuss the recent gypsy moth outbreak event and the lasting impact on … ), plum, cherry, peach, apricot (Prunus spp. Lawns are beginning to green up and mowing will begin shortly. In fact, management of this insect in landscaped settings likely will not be necessary in most locations. Beech Bark Disease (https://ag.umass.edu/landscape/fact-sheets/beech-bark-disease), 5. Spring witchhazels started flowering on the UMass campus in late January and seemed to have an especially long bloom this year. In comparison to 2019, it seems flowering and plant development is at least two weeks ahead this year. Feel free to print out and share your TickReport with your healthcare provider. Spring bulbs currently in bloom include: garden hyacinths (Hyacinthus orientalis), Crocus (Crocus spp. The Westerly Sun reports that the moths are native to Europe and began their scourge on Massachusetts trees in the 1990s. and common henbit (Lamium amplexicaule) are beginning to bloom. This is the time of year to spot flowers on our native wild ginger, Asarum canadense, before its leaves fully unfurl. Root and Butt Rot caused by Kretzschmaria deusta (https://ag.umass.edu/landscape/fact-sheets/root-butt-rot-caused-by-kretzschmaria-deusta), 4. Cardamine hirsuta (hairy bittercress) began flowering in mid-March. For the Green Industry professionals in Massachusetts, the prioritization of safety will not come as an unusual activity, despite the particularly unfamiliar circumstances we all currently find ourselves in. We experienced another bitterly cold November in 2019, with temperatures 3–5°F below normal in the valley compared to historical averages. Accurate diagnosis for a turf or landscape problem can often eliminate or reduce the need for pesticide use. Transmission of a pathogen from the tick to you is dependent upon how long the tick had been feeding, and each pathogen has its own transmission time. The disease is confirmed in Fairfield County, CT along with Rockland, Westchester and Suffolk Counties in New York. Photos alone can not establish a range unless specifically stated. This species was a childhood favorite of mine, as I assume it is for many. For further information about this insect, please visit: https://ag.umass.edu/fact-sheets/emerald-ash-borer . I spent a lot of time this past winter looking through tree and shrub books and settled on two “must haves” for this season: (1) Hollywood juniper (Juniperus chinensis ‘Kaizuka’); and (2) Thunderhead Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii ‘Thunderhead’). The winter moth, an invasive species that chewed through New England shade trees and blueberry bushes for years, is no longer a threat, say entomologists at the University of Massachusetts … The early red shoots of the invasive Fallopian japonica (Japanese knotweed) have emerged. To submit a tick to be tested, visit: https://www.tickreport.com/ and click on the blue “Order a TickReport” button. By 2018, UMass scientists had released 80,000 flies and had established C. albicans at 38 sites. This wood-boring beetle readily attacks ash (Fraxinus spp.) General Conditions: The winter has been unusually mild with minimal snowfall. (cherries), Rhododendron mucronulatum 'Cornell Pink' (Korean Rhododendron). In addition, there were a number of oak anthracnose cases early in the season that appeared to occur in conjunction with the shothole feeding wounds. Last year’s outbreak caught everyone by surprise and while many oaks were only mildly affected, some trees suffered significant injury to the canopy. Not much winter injury has been noted except on the usual plants like boxwood. The species is present across New England, though damaging populations are only found in eastern Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Maine. Deer tick nymphs (immatures) are also active, and may be encountered at this time, through August. Powdery Mildew (https://ag.umass.edu/landscape/fact-sheets/powdery-mildew), 6. Thankfully, NY DEC has been very aggressive in containing these outbreaks when identified. If you have an abundance of time on your hands, now is a good time to prune and clean out groundcovers like Vinca and Pachysandra. In the springtime in Pennsylvania (late April - mid-May) nymphs (immatures) are found on smaller plants and vines and new growth of trees and shrubs. The last thing we on our minds is an insect infestation. The egg hatches and the fly larva devours the caterpillar from the inside out and then forms a pupa inside the winter moth pupa, killing it. Join DCR Forest Health Specialist, Felicia Hubacz, as she discusses the recent gypsy moth outbreak event and the last-ing impact on our oak forests statewide. Amphibians have been active in wet areas for some time. Now that buds are swelling and flowering is starting, it’s easier to identify dead parts. (There’s a festival in Ohio for it! Low temperatures dipped <20°F on 11/9, 11/13–14 and 11/17. The spotted lanternfly is a non-native species first detected in the United States in Berks County, Pennsylvania and confirmed on September 22, 2014. The species is present across New England, though damaging populations are only found in eastern Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Maine. Remember to take appropriate precautions when working and playing outdoors, and conduct daily tick checks. If a tick cannot attach and feed, it will not transmit disease. European Gypsy Moth is a defoliating insect (an insect that consumes leaves) and it can severely weaken trees. Ticks! Mourning cloaks aren’t the only insects that you can find active early in the spring. While I am used to scouting primarily in Amherst, for now my observations are limited to what I can see in the lovely town of Chesterfield, MA. My wife has been busy dividing and moving Crocosmia corms, hellebores (Helleborus), primrose (Primula), daylilies (Hemerocallis), Virginia bluebells (Mertensia), and forget-me-nots (Myosotis), among others, and planting pansies (Viola). The month of March was unseasonably mild with temperatures averaging 42˚F. (Please include your email if you would like us to follow up with you. Winter moth is a non-native insect that was identified in Massachusetts for the first time in 2003 following persistent reports of defoliation in eastern areas of the state such as Cape Anne and on the North Shore near Cohasset, Hingham, and Rockland on the South Shore in the late 1990’s. Thankfully, Rhododendrons appear to have overwintered quite well and have a robust set of buds ready to flower. The following is a summary of information about Winter Moth available from the University of Massachusetts. If you believe you have located EAB-infested ash trees, particularly in an area of Massachusetts not identified on the map provided, please report here: http://massnrc.org/pests/pestreports.htm . Garlic mustard, Norway maple, and violet seeds have germinated. Overwintered adult mourning cloak butterflies (Nymphalis antiopa) were observed in the lingering snow from the 5 inches we received on March 23, 2020. If so, consider sending the tick to the UMass Laboratory of Medical Zoology to be tested for disease causing pathogens. Help us improve these maps! Winter moth caterpillars can defoliate large deciduous trees. including white, green, and black ash and has also been found developing in white fringe tree (Chionanthus virginicus) and has been reported in cultivated olive (Olea europaea). Latin Name. We have received 1.87” of rain so far this month, bringing the total precipitation to 11.3” for 2020. To receive immediate notification when the next Landscape Message update is posted, join our email list by emailing your request to email@example.com with Subscribe Greeninfo in the subject line, and follow us on Facebook and Twitter. Weeds in bloom include bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta), mouse-ear cress (Arabidopsis thaliana), fig buttercup (Ranunculus ficaria) and speedwell (Veronica spp). Phyllosticta Leaf Blotch (https://ag.umass.edu/landscape/fact-sheets/phyllosticta-leaf-blotch), 10. Have you just removed an attached tick from yourself or a loved one with a pair of tweezers? If everyone who uses this resource gives a small amount, we could cover our ongoing costs, develop new features, and upgrade the system. Regardless, based on the very cold November, I was concerned we would again see widespread winter injury this spring. The most visible effect of the winter moth … Your observations will help scientists better understand when this species is active and susceptible to treatment. Do you have a suggestion of another species for which a forecast would help you make decisions? For commercial growers of greenhouse crops and flowers - Check out UMass Extension's Greenhouse Update website, For professional turf managers - Check out Turf Management Updates, For home gardeners and garden retailers - Check out home lawn and garden resources. Report by Nick Brazee, Plant Pathologist, UMass Extension Plant Diagnostic Lab, UMass Amherst. Protect yourself when working outdoors. Rhododendrons and hollies were particularly hard hit, but Andromeda, azalea, mountain laurel and needled evergreens like arborvitae and false cypress were also badly damaged. Stay safe everyone, and know that we are thinking of you and doing our best to maintain and expand our remote educational offerings at this time. 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