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southern giraffe scientific name

southern giraffe scientific name

The nine different Giraffe species are found in varying countries on the continent, each exploiting their local ecological niche. Scientific names are formal Latin names that are used to classify all organisms, both living and extinct. Giraffes rely on the vast open plains so that they can have the best view possible of their surroundings but if a predators does get too close, Giraffes kick their attacker with their large, heavy feet to defend themselves. Giraffe calves look the same as adult Giraffes but simply become even bigger and more elongated as the grow and mature. Although other researchers tried to assign different scientific names, finally this one became the official. Although the Giraffe would have once been found across sub-Saharan Africa and even in parts of North Africa, today they are extinct from much of their historically vast natural range with only small, isolated populations remaining in a handful of regions in central Africa. Up until recently, it was thought that there was one extant species of giraffe, Giraffa Camelopardalis. Valves in the veins and specialized blood vessels work together to prevent giraffe from getting a head rush while raising their heads after getting a drink. The Giraffe tends to be white in colour with brown or reddish markings that cover its body (with the exception of their white lower legs). Young calves however, are much more vulnerable and rely on the protection of their mother and the herd. Species: Giraffe - Southern. The Southern African Giraffe was discovered in 1784 by Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber. Releases a strong smelling musk in defence! Sadly though, around 50% of young Giraffes do not make it past the age of 6 months due to predation. Taxonomy, Evolution and Scientific Classification Giraffe Okapi Kingdom: Animalia Animalia Phylum: Chordata Chordata Class: Mammalia Mammalia Order: Artiodactyla Artiodactyla Family: Giraffidae Giraffidae Genus: Giraffa Okapia Species: camelopardalis johnston Binomial Name: Giraffa camelopardalis (Linnaeus, 1758) Okapia johnstoni (Sclater, 1901) Evolution At about 3m tall, an … Giraffe, (genus Giraffa), any of four species in the genus Giraffa of long-necked cud-chewing hoofed mammals of Africa, with long legs and a coat pattern of irregular brown patches on a light background. Other articles where Southern giraffe is discussed: giraffe: camelopardalis), the southern giraffe (G. giraffa), the Masai giraffe (G. tippelskirchi), and the reticulated giraffe (G. reticulata). Despite being the tallest land animal in the world, the Giraffe is actually preyed upon by a number of large carnivores that co-inhabit the dry savannah. The IUCN generally consider giraffes to be a single species (Giraffa camelopardalis) with numerous subspecies (some speculate that there are eight subspecies). overview; data; media; articles; maps; names; Scientific Names. Giraffes have a distinct pattern on its coat, with each individual having spots which are unique from other individuals. The southern giraffe (Giraffa giraffa), also known as two-horned giraffe, is a proposed species of giraffe native to Southern Africa. Scientific Name: Giraffa camelopardalis Common Name(s): Nubian giraffe, reticulated giraffe, Angolan giraffe, Kordofan giraffe, Masai giraffe, South African giraffe, West African giraffe, Rhodesian giraffe, and Rothschild's giraffe Basic Animal Group: Mammal Size: 16–20 feet Weight: 1,600–3,000 pounds Lifespan: 20–30 years Diet: Herbivore Southern giraffe (Giraffa giraffa) Subspecies: a. Angolan giraffe (Giraffa giraffa angolensis) b. Let’s […] Read More, David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World's Wildlife, Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals, David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia, Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species, David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals, Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals, David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals, Giraffe Information, Available here: http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/giraffe/, Giraffe Conservation, Available here: http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/9194/0. However, due to hunting and habitat loss Giraffes have lost half of their once vast natural range with the majority of wild individuals found in a number of Africa’s large national parks. However, Giraffes have been hunted by people and also have been severely affected by their encroachment on their natural habitats which has led to vast population declines across Africa and even the extinction of the species in some countries. One of the most distinguishing features of the giraffe is its exceptionally long neck. Although both male and female young Giraffes will join small groups males tend to become more solitary with age, where females remain together but will often wander between different herds. All Giraffes are also threatened by hunting from Humans with populations having completely disappeared from certain areas. If danger is sighted, Giraffes will instantly sprint away and can run at speeds of more than 30mph for short periods of time. The Giraffe has an enormously long neck which allows it to exploit the leaves and vegetation that are too high up for other animals to find. Home Science Math History Literature Technology Health Law Business All Topics Random. Giraffe can be so tall they can peer into a second story window. Two subspecies of the Southern giraffe (Giraffa giraffa) occur across Southern Africa and, together, they make up 50% of the continent’s total giraffe numbers. Giraffe camelopardarlis reticulata - Reticulated or Somali giraffe found in Kenya, southern … Your email address will not be published. Masai giraffe (Giraffa tippelskirchi) Ecotype: Rhodesian giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis thornicrofti) The main threats to this subspecies are habitat loss and poaching. What are the best dogs for city living? The Giraffe conservation foundation recognises 4 species and 5 subspecies. However, to the untrained eye, it can be difficult to distinguish the difference between individuals or even subspecies. Even though Giraffes feed higher than any other animal, males actually still feed at higher levels than females to avoid competing with each other for food. Giraffa giraffa (von Schreber 1784) Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. See Giraffe for details on how this proposed taxonomy fits within the currently accepted taxonomy of giraffes. This structure is similar to the horns of cattle, but are made of ossified cartilage instead of living bone (subcutaneous connective tissue that later fuse to the underlying frontal bone). … 111,000 giraffe remaining in the wild. The Giraffe is the tallest living animal on land and despite its height is mostly closely related to the much smaller and solitary Okapi, that is found elusively dwelling in the dense tropical forests. Giraffes breed year round and after finding a female to mate with, the male Giraffe will resume his solitary ways. So which breeds fit these needs? This pattern of walking helps to prevent the long legs tangling with each other and the neck assists with balanc… Large Southern Giraffe Object Skull Scientific Name Giraffa giraffa Origin Africa CITES relevancy non-CITES species Condition Preserved Year 2000 Dimensions 45×30×76 cm Weight 4000 g Sign in Register. Name Giraffe [Giraffa camelopardalis] Appearance. The markings of each Giraffe are not only unique to that individual but they also vary greatly between the different Giraffe species in size, colour and the amount of white that surrounds them. names in breadcrumbs. All Giraffes though have large eyes that along with their height give them excellent vision, and small horn-like ossicones on the top of their heads. Both her scarf and her leggings have a classic Giraffe design, with a light brown/yellow background with darker brown spots. Today, GFC classification is the most accepted method of giraffe taxonomy. In Real Life. Interestingly enough though they are not actually able to trot as their body shape and size means they trip over and so must instantly go from walk to run. Scientific Name: Giraffa ... Southern Giraffe A giraffe success story! They are however, still affected by both hunting and habitat loss with populations further north becoming sparser and more isolated from one another. Required fields are marked *, Frequently Asked Questions on Scientific Name of Giraffe. Giraffe populations remain common in east and southern Africa but have drastically fallen in west Africa. Southern Giraffe Giraffa giraffa (von Schreber 1784) collect. Despite their length, the neck of the Giraffe actually contains the same number of bones as numerous other hoofed mammals but they are simply longer in shape. The ends of her scarf taper to white. Preferred Names. Giraffes throughout Africa though have been drastically affected by the loss of vast regions of their natural habitats. The large size of the Giraffe means that it must spend a great deal of time eating which it tends to do the most during the more tolerable heat of the morning and evening. And just like humans and most other mammals, giraffes have seven cervical vertebrae (or neck bones). 1758: Linnaeus publishes a taxonomic evaluation. In other places where large mammals have disappeared, giraffes have survived. जिराफ का वैज्ञानिक नाम क्या है giraffe scientific name. Giraffes get 70% of their moisture from their food so need to drink very little but when they do come across clean water, they must splay their front legs (which are longer than the back) in order to get their head close enough to the ground to drink. The Giraffe is a long-necked, hoofed mammal that is natively found grazing in the open woodlands of sub-Saharan Africa. Evidence of how far south giraffe occurred naturally. South African giraffe (Giraffa giraffa giraffa) 4. The southern giraffe has two subspecies: – Angolan giraffe … This scientific naming system avoids confusion when a scientist is speaking to a colleague who speaks another language—or when different animals are given the same name in various regions. 1761 or 1762: The first specimen: A skin from a young giraffe. However, the IUCN currently recognizes only one species of giraffe with nine subspecies. Lions use the strength of the whole pride to catch their victim, but giraffes are also preyed upon by Leopards and Hyenas. After birth, the female Giraffe will often keep her calf away from the rest of the herd for an average of 15 days and the calf will then be weaned when it is just over a year old. Lions are the primary predators of the Giraffe. Estimates show that its numbers have gone from roughly 28,000 in the late 1990s to fewer than 5,000 in recent years. How to Write a Scientific Name. Moreover, giraffes have horn-like projections on the top of their head called ossicones. Giraffa camelopardalis is the scientific name for the giraffe. Giraffes most commonly eat from acacia trees but also browse for wild apricots, flowers, fruits and buds along with eating seeds and fresh grass just after the rains. The Giraffe’s elongated neck leads into a short body, with long and thin, straight legs and a long tail that is tipped with a black tuft that helps to keep flies away. During the hot midday sun, Giraffes rest in more shaded regions where they (like a number of their relatives) regurgitate their food known as cud, before then consuming it again. After a gestation period that lasts for 15 months, the female Giraffe gives birth to a single infant (twins are rare) that already stands at two meters tall and has its unique markings. Small herds comprised of a number of females and their young spend both the day and night together to protect their offspring from predators, but male Giraffes are much more solitary often roaming over large areas in search of a fertile female. Please note, the classification used here is as per the Giraffe Conservation Foundation. Long-term research by GCF and partners has clearly identified four distinct species of giraffe in Africa – Masai, southern, northern and Reticulated giraffe, with several subspecies. However, recent research by scientists has shown that there are four species: Northern giraffe (Giraffa Camelopardalis), Southern giraffe (Giraffa giraffe), Masai giraffe (Giraffa tippelskirchi), and reticulated giraffe (Giraffa reticulata). The leopard (pardalis) refers to its colouration while the camel-like similarity exists in the way giraffe walk, moving the two legs on the left side, followed by the two legs on the right side. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. Scientific Name: Giraffa giraffa giraffa. All four giraffe species and their subspecies live in geographically distinct areas throughout Africa and there are only a total of approx. We use common names for animals in everyday speech, but scientists have a different method of naming creatures, called "binomial nomenclature," or two-word naming. In Niger, conservation of giraffes has been made a priority. A few of the nine Giraffe species are now listed as either Threatened or Endangered. Common name: Scientific name: Regional Red List Status 2016: Southern White Rhinoceros : Ceratotherium simum: Near Threatened: Black Rhinoceros : Diceros bicornis: Endangered: Plains Zebra Equus quagga: Equus quagga: Least Concern: Hartmann's Mountain Zebra: Equus zebra hartmannae: Vulnerable: Cape Mountain Zebra : Equus zebra zebra: Least Concern The Giraffe is the tallest living animal on land and despite its height is mostly closely related to the much smaller and solitary Okapi, that is found elusively dwelling in the dense tropical forests. Explore more interesting topics on Giraffe or other fascinating animals by registering with BYJU’S Biology, The scientific name of giraffe is Giraffa (Genus). Places giraffes in the genus Cervus, thinking it was related to deer, judging by the horn-like antlers. If however they come into contact with a rival male, the two will begin to bump heads and interlock their necks as a way of establishing a dominance hierarchy, with the winner earning the right to mate with the local females. Meanwhile, the IUCN recognises just one species and several subspecies. A giraffe's lungs can hold 12 gallons of air. Possessing only seven cervical vertebrae (like other mammals), giraffes, at almost 19 feet, are the tallest of all mammals. Ask Login. Hence, we can relate the spots on giraffes to our fingerprints. Giraffes. Giraffe (giraffa camelopardalis) Order - Artiodactyla Family - Giraffidae Giraffes’ species name camelopardalis means camel-like leopard. Reference taxon from ITIS Global in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. (Giraffa giraffa angolensis) The Southern/Common Giraffe was named by Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber in 1784. The Giraffe today is seen as a major tourist attraction and is one of many people’s must-see species when the go on safari. The Southern Giraffe Specie has 2 sub-species namely the Common/Southern Giraffe and the more rare Angolan Giraffe. There are nine recognised sub-species of Giraffe that are found in differing geographic locations and vary somewhat i… Angolan giraffe ( G. g. angolensis) Despite their name, Angolan giraffe were extirpated (locally extinct) in Angola until recent translocations from Namibia. Reticulated giraffe (Giraffa reticulata) 3. Early scientific study of giraffe. They stretch their necks higher up which also possibly gives them an advantage when watching out for predators. Giraffes are the tallest of all land animals; males (bulls) may exceed 5.5 metres (18 feet) in height, and the tallest females (cows) are about 4.5 metres. The Giraffe is a herbivorous animal that has evolved to be the height that it is so that it has less competition for food on the higher branches of the canopy. There are nine recognised sub-species of Giraffe that are found in differing geographic locations and vary somewhat in the colour and pattern of their spot-like markings. The Giraffe Conservation Foundation (GFC) has classified giraffes into 4 species and 5 subspecies. Giraffes are the largest extant ruminant, and also the tallest living terrestrial mammals in the world. Thanks to substantial conservation efforts, the two subspecies of Southern giraffe that live across Southern Africa make up over 50% of Africa’s total giraffe population. The Giraffe is a long-necked, hoofed mammal that is natively found grazing in the open woodlands of sub-Saharan Africa. In southern parts of Africa though, Giraffe populations are even growing in some areas as they are becoming more and more popular as game on private ranches. Giraffe Facts and Information | SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment West African Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis peralta) Southern giraffe (Giraffa giraffa) Angolan Giraffe (Giraffa giraffa angolensis) South African Giraffe (Giraffa giraffa giraffa) Masai giraffe (Giraffa tippelskirchi) Reticulated giraffe (Giraffa reticulata) Also Read: Scientific Names of the Most Common Animals and Plants Today, the Giraffe is listed by the IUCN as an animal that is of Least Concern of becoming extinct in its natural environment in the near future due to the fact that the majority of Giraffe populations are currently stable and are in fact increasing in some areas. Plus, they must be comfortable in smaller spaces and able to saunter through crowded city streets on a leash — or in a bag — without freaking out. Due to the fact that Giraffes feed on vegetation that is high in the trees but also too woody for the mouths of smaller herbivores, they are also able to remain in areas where domestic grazing has obliterated the plant species close to the ground, forcing the species that feed on them to move on. South African Giraffe has a green skirt. Previously found even in North Africa, today the remaining Giraffe populations are restricted to parts of sub-Saharan Africa with the largest concentrations being found in National Parks. However, the IUCN currently recognizes only one species of giraffe with nine subspecies. Male Giraffes are able to breed a year later than females, but are sometimes not successful until they are nearly eight years old. ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. 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