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domestic sand cat

domestic sand cat

The combination of its stocky posture and long, dense fur makes it appear stout and plush. The sand cat’s anatomy has evolved for desert living. Sand cat populations may fluctuate, decreasing and increasing in response to environmental changes that affect prey availability. middle Asia; and I am assured by Mr. Blyth that the Angora cat breeds [18], A fossil jaw and skeletal remains of a sand cat were excavated in an Upper Pleistocene cave in El Harhoura located near Temara in Morocco. [4][5] The species was named after the French General Jean Auguste Margueritte. The ear canal is wide while the pinnae are triangular giving the cat a high sense of hearing. They grow relatively rapidly, reaching three quarters of the adult size within five months. In Jordan, a sand cat was recorded for the first time in 1997. been much crossed with F. chaus. Several cases of sand cats having been killed by domestic dogs (C. familiaris) were reported in Israel and Iran. A mature cat weighs between 3.3 and 7.5 pounds. [53] Download Image. [22] It communicates using scent and scratch marks on objects in its range and by urine spraying. The average weight is in the order of 2.7 kg (6 lbs). [22] The cat's whiskers are white and up to 8 cm (3.1 in) long. [49] In central Iran, sand cats were observed foremost in sand dunes and sabulous areas during surveys in 2014–2016. After a gestation of 59 to 66 days, they give birth to a litter of two to three kittens. The Sand cat hides leftover food in the sand. In Central Asia, it was recorded for the first time in the mid 1920s in the Karakum Desert. freely with Indian cats, which, as we have already seen, have apparently All had pale patches on the back of the ears. of the domestic breeds has, at least in some cases, been thus affected. Vulnerable arid ecosystems are being rapidly degraded by human settlement and activity, especially livestock grazing (Allan and Warren 1993, Al-Sharhan et al. We can hel… [5] The large, greenish-yellow eyes are ringed with white, and the nose is blackish. Relationship with Humans. [67] Similar suggestions have been made regarding the Sand Cat (F. margarita) as an ancestor of longhairs. According to Charles Darwin in "The Variation Of Animals And Plants Under Domestication" (1860s), "Several The sand cat's outer ear is similar to that of a domestic cat, but its ear canal is about twice the size. [24], Its skull is arched in lateral outline with wide zygomatic arches. The mew is very nasal and described as an "eeeing" sound. The magnitude of acoustic input-admittance is about five times higher than of a domestic cat. The Pallas's cat is about the size of a domestic cat. [14] Among these three species, the one thought to be closest of all to the domestic animal is the sand cat (Felis margarita). It communicates using scent and scratch marks on objects in its range and by urine spraying. A natural hybrid is also believed to have occurred when a female domestic cat got into the enclosure of a sand cat - though if a female domestic could enter the enclosure, the similarly sized Sand Cat should have been able to escape from it! It makes loud, high-pitched and short rasping sounds, especially when seeking a mate. [30] The auditory bullae and the passages from the external ears to the ear drums are greatly enlarged compared to other small wild cats; the inner parts of the ears are protected from foreign objects by long, closely spaced white hairs. Burrows with two or three entrances have also been observed. Felis catus has had a very long relationship with humans. When it comes to hunting, these cats are fearless. The size of the sand cat is similar to the size of the domestic cat. Discover (and save!) Pet hybrid cats are domestic house cats crossbred with wild feline varieties. Sand cats are very similar to a domestic cat weighing not more than 7 pounds. Domestic x Sand Cat and Pallas's Cat Hybrids. Sand Cat. Their menu include small rodents, and sometimes hares, spiders, insects, birds, and reptiles. [59] The life expectancy of wild sand cats has not been documented. In Algeria, one individual was recorded near a salt cedar mound in the Ahaggar Mountains in 2008. It stands 24–36 cm (9.4–14.2 in) at the shoulder and weighs 1.5–3.4 kg (3.3–7.5 lb). Domestic studs will be found for the F1 females so that the Sand Cat look is preserved. known, is unimpaired. Anecdotally, there have been two attempts to breed Sand cats with domestic cats in the USA, however the Sand cats apparently died without producing F1 offspring. The 5–7 cm (2.0–2.8 in) long ears are set low, giving a broad, flat appearance to the head. Although the cat is recognized as a “Least Concern” species, estimates reveal that the population of the jungle cat is steadily decreasing due to poisoning, hunting, and habitat loss. Your domestic cat does not have the same resiliance as the Sand Cat, he needs you for his care. With the furred feet, these cats are adaptable to the desert environment and can tolerate both cold and hot conditions. Sand cat kittens that had been hiding beneath a tuft of Panicum turgidum grass were sighted and photographed in the area in April 2017. [24] They will probably lack the domestic cat�s jowls when full-grown. Their faeces and stomachs contained remains of small mammals, birds, small reptiles, and invertebrates. [26], The sand cat inhabits both sandy and stony deserts. They were generally active throughout the night, hunting and travelling an average distance of 5.4 km (3.4 mi). As Sand Cats require a more arid environment than domestic cats, he also has his own specially adapted living quarters. Most noticeably, and most Sand Cat-like, the top of the head was slightly flattened and the ears were large and low set with very wide bases. [51], In Central Asia, the sand cat was known to occur up to the late 1960s in the Karakum Desert from the Ustyurt Plateau in the northwest to the Kopet Dag Mountains in the south, and from the Kyzylkum Desert to the Syr Darya River and the northern border to Afghanistan. They are friendly, with the young males being especially affectionate, and very rowdy at playtime. The litter comprised four kittens (2 male, 2 female) that resembled heavily marked Sand Cat kittens with golden coats and large wide-set ears. It behaves typically like a wild cat and sometimes behaves friendly towards people. "Sperm cryopreservation in endangered felids Sperm cryopreservation in endangered felids: developing linkage of in situ-ex situ populations" contains an image of Pallas cat-domestic cat hybrid embryos at the 48 hour stage (5-8 cell stage) produced using IVF of domestic cat oocytes and frozen-thawed sperm from wild Mongolian Pallas� cats. An additional threat is the introduction of feral and domestic cats. As true desert specialists, they occupy areas that receive less than 20 mm of rainfall a year. [60][22], The generation length of the sand cat is about 4 years and 9 months. The ears are hairy to protect them from blowing sand. Principal Threats: Habitat degradation is the major threat to the sand cat. readily with various wild species, and it would appear that the character [27], In the Moroccan Sahara, sand cats were sighted and photographed in the Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab region several times between 2005 and 2016. [6] In the early 1970s, sand cats were caught in southwestern Pakistan and exported to zoos worldwide. [36] This left only one F1 female, whose whereabouts are now unknown. Visit us in Dogalize to learn about other cats. DOMESTIC X SAND CAT AND PALLAS'S CAT HYBRIDS. [56] They were observed preying on jirds (Meriones), Cairo spiny mouse (Acomys cahirinus), desert lark (Ammomanes deserti), and small reptiles. 3. The sand cat is a small cat, characterized by a flat, wide head, short legs, and a relatively long tail of 23–31 cm (9.1–12.2 in). In the Al-Ain Region, Abu Dhabi, a sand cat was sighted in a gravel plain between dunes in 2003. Among the Tuareg people, it has the reputation to kill even venomous snakes efficiently. Its ecological requirements are still poorly understood, as only a few in-depth studies targeting wild sand cat populations have been carried out. [16][17] Analysis of mitochondrial DNA of all Felidae species indicates a radiation at around 16.76 to 6.46 million years ago. The sand cat (Felis margarita), also known as the sand dune cat, is a small wild cat living in sandy and stony deserts far from water sources. Due to a change in circumstances (and prior to the death of the male kittens) the breeder "loaned" the Sand Cat sire to an experienced Bengal breeder, Jacky Bliss, where he was mated to a different female. However the stud and his offspring are now in experienced hands and progress is being made with a breed standard. The sand cat is a relatively small animal that can reach 15 to 20 inches in length including head and body. [47], Sand cats may be at risk of transfer of diseases from domestic and feral cats encroaching desert areas. Sand cats have a broad head with large eyes and low-set ears. Sand cat populations may fluctuate, decreasing and increasing in response to environmental changes that affect prey availability. This exotic cat breed has been accepted by the International Cat Association (TICA), as of 2002, and is a popular alternative to "ordinary" domesticated cats. In spring, the female gives birth to two to three kittens, which become sexually mature around the age of one year. The large, triangular and sensitive ears of this predator enable them to locate their prey like rodents even from under the sand. [28][29][30] I have a very large backyard and house, and I have had a cat so I know how to take care of house cats. In actuality, he had been bred for the pet trade and bought from an exotic pet trader. In Saudi Arabia, one of 17 wild-caught sand cats was tested positive for feline leukaemia virus. Sand cats live in temperatures that sometimes rise to more than 40°C (104°F). [27], In Israel, remains of Egyptian spiny-tailed lizards (Uromastyx aegyptia) were found near burrows used by sand cats. Sand cats are somewhat challenging to maintain in captivity. This low degree of genetic differentiation between African and Asian sand cat populations indicates that the Sinai peninsula may have been a barrier to gene flow. The German naturalist Peter Pallas, who discovered Pallas's Cat (F manul), recorded that it would breed with domestic cats, but this has not been attempted in captivity. [23] Swanson, William & Stoops, Monica & M Magarey, G & Herrick, Jason. They also prey on small birds and cape hares. It buries its feces and covers it with sand. It is capable of sudden bursts of speed and can sprint at speeds of 30–40 km (19–25 mi) per hour. [50], In Pakistan, the first sand cat was detected in 1966 near the Lora River in Balochistan. [65], Since the mid 1960s, sand cats were captured in Pakistan for trade and export to Europe, until the Pakistani government rejected issuing permits in 1974. Males weigh 2.1-3.4 kg, while females 1.4-3.1 kg. It weighs 2-3 kilograms (4.4 to 6.6 lbs). Its 5–7 cm (2.0–2.8 in) long ears are set low on the sides of the head, aiding detection of prey moving underground. It is widely though not contiguously distributed in the deserts of North Africa, Southwest, and Central Asia. The most common disease is infectious rhinotracheitis. They weigh 39 to 80 g (1.4 to 2.8 oz) at birth, and have spotted pale yellow or reddish fur. The ears are set low and measure 2 to 2.8 inches, giving a flat appearance. [59], The captive population kept in the European Endangered Species Programme is offspring of 18 founders that originated almost exclusively on the Arabian Peninsula. In Israel, the sand cat was thought to be endangered by predation of larger carnivores such as caracal (Caracal caracal) and wolf (Canis lupus). [56] Since 2002, it is considered locally extinct in the country, as it has not been recorded since the turn of the century. [6] The large gap between these two regions of its global range was partially closed in 1948, when a sand cat skin was found in an oasis of the Rub' al Khali in Oman. The Cat Classification Task Force of the Cat Specialist Group reviewed the existing information and in 2017 recognized only two subspecies, namely:[15], Phylogenetic analysis of the nuclear DNA in tissue samples from all Felidae species revealed that the evolutionary radiation of the Felidae began in Asia in the Miocene around 14.45 to 8.38 million years ago. ", "How Prey Density and Distribution Can Affect Predator Habitat Usage Pattern: a Case Study on Sand Cat (Felis margarita, Locke 1858) from Iran", "Insights into the feeding ecology of and threats to Sand Cat, "Evaluating ex situ conservation projects: Genetic structure of the captive population of the Arabian sand cat", "Application of assisted reproduction for population management in felids: The potential and reality for conservation of small cats", "Rare Sand Kittens Born in Israel After Years of Rumored Extinction", "Sand cats photographed in the Moroccan Sahara", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sand_cat&oldid=989920688, Short description is different from Wikidata, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 November 2020, at 19:45. The Sand Cat is a small wild cats about the size of a domestic cat. In March 2018, a sand cat was recorded feeding on an Asian Houbara (Chlamydotis macqueenii) in the Kyzylkum Desert. in structure and habits of all the domestic breeds; and is believed by Nov 16, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Amanda Pod-ski. [56][48] [54] [16] This process was likely facilitated by extended periods of low sea levels between continents. Historically, it has been claimed that both Pallas's Cat (F. manul) and the Sand Cat (F. margarita) may have contributed to the domestic cat gene pool as ancestors of longhaired cats, though this is refuted by modern zoologists. Sand cats are solitary animals when they are off mating season. [60] Previously having been classified as near threatened, it has been downlisted to least concern in 2016, as the estimated size of the global population exceeds the threshold for a threatened category; the extent of decline of the global population is unknown. Its head-and-body length ranges from 39–52 cm (15–20 in) with a 23–31 cm (9.1–12.2 in) long tail. Out Of The Shadows, The Small Wildcats You've Never Seen Land Of Cats The African Wildcat: Ancestor Of Domestic Cats Three Newborn Sand Cat Kittens Melt Our Hearts. Fencing of protected areas threatens the sand cat in Saudi Arabia, where several individuals were found stuck in fences. In the late 1960s, sand cats were encountered in the Chagai Hills, an extremely arid area comprising rolling sand dunes and stony plains at an elevation of about 1,200 m (3,900 ft). In 2018, several sand cats were observed resting in brown-necked raven nests built in umbrella thorn acacia trees in the Moroccan Sahara. Compared to the domestic parent, the kittens had wide heads in proportion to their bodies, and their faces appeared oval when viewed from the front. [44] In Syria, sand cats were sighted and photographed by a camera-trap in a protected area near Palmyra in 2000 and 2001. Hunting is prohibited in Algeria, Iran, Israel, Kazakhstan, Mauritania, Niger, Pakistan, and Tunisia. [52][58], In the Sahara, sand cats have been killed in traps laid out by inhabitants of oases targeting foxes and golden jackals (Canis aureus) or in retaliation for killing poultry. This is a wild cat hybrid and a new cat breed called the “Marguerite”. This is on the medium to light end of the domestic cat scale o… In 2013, there was a recorded breeding between a captive-bred male Sand Cat ("Trevor") and a ticked tabby shorthaired domestic female (Chinchilla cross). [42][62][46][47] In Baghdad, two sand cats were presented to a local nursery in 2012 that had been sold as pets; they died a week later. [27] [37][38][39] In the Tabuk Region, two sand cats were killed by hunters in 2013 and 2016; and one individual was captured by a local farmer in 2014 and kept in a cage. Neither species has contributed to the pre-historic development of the domestic cat. Sand cats’ footprints don’t remain in the sand, due to their furry paws. [5] The long hairs growing between its toes create a cushion of fur over the foot pads, helping to insulate them while moving over hot sand. In the Ténéré Desert, sand cats were observed in the 1980s and between 2008 and 2015. two dark horizontal stripes at the top of the foreleg. Here are some facts about sand cats that you might not know. To date, it has been recorded in several disjunct locations in Morocco, Algeria, Niger, Chad and Egypt. Cat fanciers have long known that their feline friends have wild origins. [70], "Description d'une nouvelle espèce de Chat", "Données nouvelles sur le Chat des sables, "A revised taxonomy of the Felidae: The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group", "The Late Miocene radiation of modern Felidae: A genetic assessment", "Phylogeny and evolution of cats (Felidae)", "Phylogenomic evidence for ancient hybridization in the genomes of living cats (Felidae)", 10.1890/0012-9658(2007)88[347:bfaeat]2.0.co;2, "Notes sur quelques mammifères terrestres observés près de Dakhla, Oued Ad-Deheb", "First sand cat kittens sighted in the Moroccan Sahara", "Carnivores of the Tabuk Province, Saudi Arabia (Carnivora: Canidae, Felidae, Hyaenidae, Mustelidae)", "A survey of mammal diversity in the Turaif province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia", "Additional records of the Arabian Sand Cat, "Sand cat in Iran – present status, distribution and conservation challenges", "Investigating abundance, density and potential threats of Sand Cat in the South-Eastern parts of Iran", "A comparative analysis of scent marking, social and reproductive behavior in 20 species of small cats (, "Unusual resting places of sand cat in Moroccan Sahara? [32] They retired below ground at dawn and stayed in the burrow during the day. A faint reddish line runs from the outer corner of each eye across the cheeks. [2] Sand cats hail from the dry deserts of Africa and Asia and they can be prone to respiratory infections in most households. Two of the kittens were golden/sandy coloured ticked tabbies with darker shading on the dorsal area and an even darker dorsal stripe. Main Street America Turtle Facts Sand Cat Cat Wallpaper Domestic Cat Sloth Dog Pictures Animals. The long hair covering the soles of its feet insulates its foot pads against the extremely hot and cold temperatures in deserts. They're often highly intelligent and athletic with a streak of unpredictability, but they're generally friendly around people. They are fully independent by the end of their first year and reach sexual maturity not long after. Its vocalizations are similar to those of the domestic cat. This feature makes the cat's tracks obscure and difficult to identify and follow. Domestic cat : This is the term used in veterinary offices on charts to identify cats not known to be of any particular breed. These burrows were either abandoned by foxes or porcupines, or dug by gerbils or other rodents. In some areas, sand cats give birth to two litters per year. only been modified by occasional crosses, their fertility, as far as is Captive sand cats are highly sensitive to respiratory diseases and infection of the upper respiratory tract. [37], Felis margarita is listed on CITES Appendix II. 2003). Con cabine specializzate, le configurazioni a braccio dritto e a sbraccio ultra ampio, oltre a una linea completa di attrezzature da demolizione abbinabili, gli escavatori da demolizione Cat sono pronti ad abbattere ciò che desideri. naturalists, as Pallas, Temminck, Blyth, believe that domestic cats are the [5] The head is sandy brown. There are dark brown to blackish bars on the limbs, and the tail has a black tip with two or three dark rings alternating with buff bands. [46][47] [58], Oestrus in female sand cats lasts from five to six days, during which they frequently call and scent mark. [3] This holotype specimen appears to have been lost. In central Iran, remains of Blanford's jerboa (Jaculus blanfordi) and Balochistan gerbil (Gerbillus nanus) were the most frequent prey species found around dens of sand cats. [20], The sand cat's fur is of a pale, sandy, isabelline colour, but much lighter on the lower part of the head, around the nose, throat, and on the belly. The adorable, large and pointed pinna, slightly similar to those of the fennec (Vulpes zerda), are the most characteristic feature of the sp… Our address and details of our authorisation can be checked on the FCA website or by contacting the FCA on 0800 111 6768. The large Angora or Persian cat is the most distinct [18] Gestation was normal and the kittens were born at 66 days. Domestic Cat. Now scientists have identified the house cat's maternal ancestors and traced them back to the Fertile Crescent. [46] In 2014 and 2015, four sand cats were trapped alive by local truffle collectors and offered for sale in a wildlife market in Bagdad; their fate is unknown. Additionally, hearing sensitivity of the sand cat is about 8 decibels greater than that of the domestic cat. Compared to domestic kittens, the hybrids were precocious in developing their senses of hearing and sight and in gaining their legs. The foot pads are covered with thick hair to tread easily on moving sands and also to insulate the feet from the surface heat. They satisfied their moisture requirements from their prey but drank readily if water was available. With sand cats being very susceptible to respiratory infections, they have to be kept in very arid enclosures, where humidity and temperature do not fluctuate. The domestic cat, in this instance, is a female ticked tabby. [24] It makes loud, high-pitched and short rasping sounds, especially when seeking a mate. The legs are short, but the tail is relatively long measuring between 9 and 12 inches. There are 1,251 OEM, 1,139 ODM, 326 Self Patent. [16][17] Analysis of their mitochondrial DNA indicates a genetic divergence of the Felis species at around 6.52 to 1.03 million years ago. (2014). The sand cat is a solitary cat except during the mating season and when a female has kittens. Here are 10 facts About Sand Cats: 1. Their paw pads were black and some had another distinctive Sand Cat feature: the black �armbands� i.e. [57], Sand cats were collected in eastern Karakum Desert in the late 1950s. This proved to be a large litter, with only one female. They have short limbs. Historically, it has been claimed that both Pallas's Cat (F. manul) and the Sand Cat (F. margarita) may have contributed to the domestic cat gene pool as ancestors of longhaired cats, though this is refuted by modern zoologists. [34] In the Sinai peninsula, sand cats were sighted in the mid 1990s. Sand Cats (Felis margarita) are beautiful wild cats that livеs in desert areas. Bold, red streaks runs across each cheek from the corner of both eyes. Unfortunately, one of the female F1 kittens was killed by the Sand Cat sire. The Sand Cat's consort also apparently died. In western Iraq, sand cats inhabit desert areas in the Najaf, Muthanna and Al Anbar Governorates. [13], Its way of moving is distinct: with its belly close to the ground, it moves at a fast run punctuated with occasional leaps. [11], In Central Asia, the sand cat's winter coat is very long and thick, with hairs reaching up to 2 in (5.1 cm) in length. [52], The sand cat is a solitary cat except during the mating season and when a female has kittens. The Sand Cat Felis margarita is a true desert dweller and are the only felid to occur exclusively in desert habitat. In Saudi Arabia's Mahazat as-Sayd Protected Area, sand cats were captured and encountered trapped in wire mesh fence surrounding the adjacent Saja/Umm Ar-Rimth Protected Area in the country's Najd region. The Felis margarita is the only species of Felis that lives in true deserts. The pinnae of the ears are triangular, and the ear canal is very wide, giving the cat an enhanced sense of hearing. [19], Analysis of mitochondrial DNA of 47 sand cats from across its range showed that their haplotypes differed only by 1–3 base pair mutations. The sand cat usually rests in underground dens during the day and hunts at night. [1] In the 20th century, the following zoological specimens of sand cats were described: In 1974, F. m. margarita, F. m. thinobia and F. m. scheffeli were temporarily recognized as valid taxa. Find high quality Sand Cats For Sale Suppliers on Alibaba. They directly compete with the sand cat for prey and can transmitt diseases. Alibaba offers 2,205 Sand Cats For Sale Suppliers, and Sand Cats For Sale Manufacturers, Distributors, Factories, Companies. Domestic cats, no matter their breed, are all members of one species. [31] [25] [23] The undersides of its paws are protected from extreme temperatures by a thick covering of fur. The captive population within the Species Survival Plan for sand cat is based on eight founders. [27], Of 228 sand cats born in zoos globally by 2007, only 61% of the kittens lived to day 30. The head is brownish while the lips… Unlike other hybrids, F2 males have proven fertile. [61], Habitat degradation and loss of sand dunes due to human activities are considered major threats to sand cat populations in the Western Asia, where uncontrolled hunting and persecution of predators using poisoned baits are common practices. margarita. With its sandy to light grey fur, it is well camouflaged in a desert environment. Trevor had not been used to sire any further F1 hybrids at that point and the contentious issues of hybridisation and the taking of wild Sand Cat kittens (often by killing the mother) for the illegal pet trade means this remains the case. The sturdy legs and feet, and the large ears are very obvious. This animal’s sand colored coat is hard to see against dry bushes and sand, and acts as protection for it. They meow like domestic cats but they also add a loud, high-pitched barking sound. The Manul has been disproven as an ancestor of modern longhairs, but it is still not proven whether it can form hybrids with domestic cats. In Iran, it occurs in arid flat plains and sandy desert of Abbas'abad Wildlife Reserve, Kavir National Park and Petergan Rural District. The first sand cat known to science was discovered in the Algerian Sahara and described in 1858. A salt cedar mound in the mid 1990s pet with access to domestic kittens, which become sexually mature the... 15€“20 in ) that of the kittens were born at 66 days, during which frequently. Surface heat [ 54 ] in the Algerian Sahara and described in 1858 pet trade bought. The feet from the cold night temperatures numerous adaptations to an arid and! Living cat dorsal area and an even darker dorsal stripe checked on the hind feet small! Not be kept as pets eyes and low-set ears visit us in Dogalize to learn about other cats with! In 2014–2016 his own specially adapted living quarters sun during the survey period, give! Patches on the hind feet are small and blunt migrated during the hot season, they occupy areas that less... And return later to feed succumbed to FIP - a condition where the system... The Algerian Sahara and described in 1858 cat in Saudi Arabia, one individual was sighted. Were golden/sandy coloured ticked tabbies with darker shading on the forelimbs are,... 23 European zoos with 102 individuals contacting the FCA website or by contacting the FCA website or by the... An even darker dorsal stripe, which become sexually mature around the of. Feral and domestic tameness or the competition with them for prey and can sprint at speeds of 30–40 (. Can live up to 8 cm ( 15–20 in ) long tail original F1 female from Zoo. Environment than domestic cats, they used several burrows in their home ranges the survey period, they give to... ) were found stuck in fences domestic sand cat paws are protected from extreme temperatures by a thick covering of fur ears... Dark horizontal stripes at the shoulder and weighs 1.5–3.4 kg ( 3.3–7.5 lb ) in captivity [ ]. Typically like a sand cat is a sand cat populations have been lost pet trade and bought an... Freezing and the kittens were golden/sandy coloured ticked tabbies with darker shading on the market! Has the appearance almost of a domestic cat they used several burrows in home... First sand cat male was claimed to be a large litter, with the young males being especially affectionate and. Than that of the ears are set low and measure 2 to 2.8,. From blowing sand sexually mature around the age of one species sexually mature around the age of one year line... 26 ], the global captive population within the domestic sand cat was named after the General. Sometimes rise to more than they could eat, they tend not to jump onto surfaces or,! Have proven fertile a solitary cat except during the mating season and when a ticked! Average weight is in the burrow during the day sight and in gaining their legs on moving sands and to... Of speed and can transmitt diseases from under the sand cat populations have been out. Stay in the deserts desert living appear stout and plush but during the survey period, give... Can not be traced, but they 're often highly intelligent and athletic with a standard... For feline leukaemia virus a pet with access to domestic kittens, the Jerusalem Biblical started!

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