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importance of state government

importance of state government

Local government is the government established at the local level to carry out specific functions. They send the needs of the masses to the central government directly. Summarizing this point in a sentence, one can say that the local government tends to bridge the communication gap between the central government and the local masses. The discussion started like a play at first, but after sometime we became serious about it. Government is important because of the following reasons: The government imposes rules that punish the wrongdoers and reward the law abiders. It helps to reduce the concentration of power in the central government. This is largely true because there is division of labor in a state that has local governments. Apparently, this argument is fallacious. For instance, if the central government is allowed to appoint personnels in the local government, then there won’t be local participation in politics. This is obviously one of the importance of local government in a state. Obviously, this will be very difficult in a state without local governments because there has been no training ground for those who have the desire to lead others. Recently, I engaged a friend of mine in an argument on whether it is important to have local governments in a state. In a heterogeneous state for instance, where there are people with diverse character or tribe, it is good to have a local government because it will make the masses to feel like the government are closer to them. While the Union government handles defence, external affairs etc., the state government deals with internal security (through state police) and other state issues. The creation of local government is an effective way of reduce the centralization of power in the central government. I believe you got exactly what you were searching for in this page. Required fields are marked *. At the federal level, it's often a zero-sum game: If you win, I lose. Now that you know the characteristics of local government, i will now explain why it is important to have local government in a state. All these points to the fact that a local government must be autonomous and free to make decision in things that concerns it. It reduces the workload in administering the affairs of the people: Local government helps to ensure effectiveness in government implementation of policies, Local government promotes democracy in a state, Local government acts as training ground for leadership positions at the nationallevel, It acts as a two-way channel of communication between the localpopulation and the central government. Democracy is further developed to facilitate civic education and maintenance of public order and peace. Thus, the powers of the state will be shared between the central and local government, which will definitely bring about good leadership in such state. In addition to that, it will also lead to faster growth and development in the state because there is actually a division of labor in the leadership of the state. In the United States, states’ rights proponents also have maintained that strong state governments are more consistent with the vision of republican government put forward by the Founding Fathers. Local government is very important for every heterogeneous state. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It is also a good way to avoid a tyrant or a dictator as leader. Take for instance, while the central government is handling national issues that concerns the state, the local government can take care of the need of the local masses and implementation of policies at the local level. Creating local governments is one of the powers of state government. States reserve the right to organize in any way, so they often vary greatly with regard to executive structure. State governments must also work well with the … Eg; Issuing of Driver’s license, marriage certificate and Birth certificate. Just like i stated before, it will be difficult or even impossible for the local masses to send their needs to the central government directly where there is no local government. Strong communication in local government creates trust in its citizens. States have the power to regulate intrastate commerce, meaning business conducted within the state. The 10th Amendment to the United States Constitution states that "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people." Responsibilities of State and Local Government State and local governments exercise important functions in the United States. The government balances the goals and decides the mixture of policies for society. Powers that do not belong to the federal government belong to state and local governments. A state government is a unit of government that specifically makes and enforces laws for a state. States have the power to regulate intrastate commerce, meaning business conducted within the state. The genius of the U.S. Constitution is no accident. Hope this article was helpful? Now, here we go! For my friend, local government has no importance in a state if it is not given autonomy. When some of the projects and manifestos of the central government are taken care of by the local government, the central government will have more time on other sectors of the state more effectively. It defined local government as the government with authority to determine and execute measures within a restricted area inside and smaller than a whole state. Accordingly, local government should have the power to collect taxes from the people it administers because that is one of the its core responsibility and source of income. If you need more detailed explanation of these points, join me as I will explain each of them extensively. 892882, Everyone loves it when individuals come together and share views. 110-1046: Importance of State and Local Authorities in Ensuring Chemical Plant Security: U S Government Printing Office (Gpo): Amazon.nl The federal government also has the power to build roads, which is usually done in cooperation with state governments. It should be noted however, that apart from collecting taxes, local government has other means of generating income. The Importance of State and Government 02/02/2013 by shanshan20100905 In the world, there are several types of states, including authoritarian, demacratic, one-party, multi-party, Federal, Westminster, and military. Must read: Fundamental human rights in Nigerian Constitution: Provisions and cases. This is because, the local government will seize to be effective if the central government grossly interferes in its activities. Of course, local government also serve as starting point for young people who want to go deep into politics. So the local government stand as representatives of the local masses. This is because Local government increases the political interest of the people and promotes participation in politics. If there is no government to make rules, it would be difficult to manage a whole society. This is indeed one of the importance of local government in a country. Evidently, this will increase participation in politics and trust in the leadership of the government. Accordingly, there is faster execution of policies when the local government is in charge because it is closer to the people than the central government. I enjoin you to read painstakingly because i will explain this topic in details. I will be glad to hear from you! Below are the features of local government: This is be basic feature of local government. States also have the power to establish banks and collect taxes. It is a training ground for leaders who hope to find themselves at the top someday. In that light, it is obvious that local governments are truly ineffective. Since more people are allowed to participate in the local government activities of the state, there is every tendency that the state will be able to produce more competent and charismatic leaders at the national level. For these reasons, they argue, state governments are better able to address important problems and protect individual rights. Where there is only the central government, the government may not pay much attention to the needs of the people, and that is enough to stop the people’s interest to participate in the political affairs of their countries. Great site, keep it up! I like your writing style – Im trying to start a blog myself, I think I might read thru all your posts for some suggestions! So you see, local government can also contribute to good leadership and governance in a state. They both have the power to make and enact laws, and spend money to promote the general welfare. The importance of local government. The importance of creating local governments in a large and heterogeneous country cannot be over emphasized. Thus, it can avoid clashes and misunderstandings. Justin Beach has been writing for more than a decade, contributing to a variety of online publications. So you see, autonomy is indeed very pertinent for effectiveness in the activities of local government. In Newark, we see a problem and want to seize it, but we run up against the wall of state government, the wall of federal government that does not have the flexibility or doesn't see problems, even. In this type of government, local self-government, regional autonomy and national unity are possible. Additionally, state governments have the power to introduce Constitutional amendments. Nonetheless, when I viewed the argument of my friend critically, I saw that he was using our country (Nigeria) to buttress his point. In most states, the other leaders in the executive branch are also directly elected, including the lieutenant governor, the attorney general, the secretary of state, and auditors and commissioners. Get answers to your questions and some peace of mind by contacting an education law attorney licensed to practice in your state. When I think of the purpose of government, I always go back to the preamble to the United States Constitution, which succinctly puts forth the framers’ idea of what government is about: Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. States also have the power to establish banks and collect taxes. © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. For example, the state of Washington requires audits at least once every three years. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. The role of state government is to provide for its citizens and the welfare of the state, as a hole. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The importance of this government is primarily in support of. Â There will be chaos and misunderstanding. S. Hrg. Revenue generated from the collection of taxes by the local government is used for the development of the territory of the government. (XII) Education The beneficial importance of statistics in education are that teachers can be considered to be supportive as researchers during their classrooms to recognize what education technique works on which pupils and know the reason why. Whether you’re studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers. Government’s role in the political sphere is to intervene in the public authorities such as the political and juridical structure of the state. U.S. Constitution Online: The United States Constitution, Ben's Guide to U.S. Government for Kids: Exclusive Powers of the National Government and State Governments, The White House: State & Local Government. The government listens to only the affairs of the people and give them opportunity to take part political affairs of the state. Collecting taxes and establishing banks are both powers that are granted to both the federal and state governments. Another characteristic of local government is the fact that it is the government at the grassroot. The primary importance of a constitution is that it gives people the right to choose the form of government that they want in society. In other words, it is the government that is most closest to the people. Although it's popular to complain about government customer service employees, it's important consider the essential work that customer service workers employed by federal, state… Because revenues would be redistributed according to this From the above explanation, there is no doubt that local government does more good to a state than bad. It is argued that for local government to be effective, it must be given autonomy and must not be interfered by the central government. But check out a system where there is the local government that care specifically for the affairs of a territory in the country. Your email address will not be published. The state government of India deals with the affairs of the state, these affairs include, but are not limited to state police, state tax, and the taxation of property stamps in the given state. Since it is the government at the grassroot, it must have a predefined territory where it is in control. With the constitution in place, the government and the citizens can cooperate fully and work hand-in-hand. John Locke John Locke was a political philosopher who wanted to find out what the purpose of government was. It is important because it goes a long way to determine the relationship between the government and the masses in a state. States are granted any powers not specifically granted to the federal government under the U.S. Constitution. MUST READ: Cheapest universities to attend in Canada. It is one of the core importance of local government in a state. Its areas of responsibility are stated in the Australian Constitution and include defence and foreign affairs; trade, commerce and currency; immigration; postal services, telecommunications and broadcasting; air travel; most social services and pensions. This type of interaction involves funding. The Importance of State Archives S tate archives play a critical role in preserving the nation’s history and the rights of its citizens. It also promote unity and understanding in the country. Thanks once more. No two state executive organizations are identical. States have the ability to create and destroy local governments if they so choose. It must be allowed to create measures that will control its staff too. https://bardoufleuriste.ca, thank you very much ,the information is so helpful. In every state, the executive branch is headed by a governor who is directly elected by the people. Research has shown that it will help to reduce difficulties in administering the affairs of the people and promote unity. Also read: Less competitive universities in Nigeria that gives admission easily. ; now these have been subsumed under the various components of the Goods and … In this article i will discuss everything you need to know about local government and its importance in a state. It incorporates the local people in all its activities and also serve as an intermediary between the people and the government. 26352 970561Thanks for the post. Under the new design, the role of the state government is to promote the state economy and to take operational control over most government programs for individuals, such as social programs and risk management. Why is government important to a society? This is why is is strongly advised that every heterogeneous and large state should practice Federalism, where powers are shared between the central and regional government. continue bringing such information, Your email address will not be published. They plan and pay for most roads, run public schools, provide water, organize police and fire services, establish zoning regulations, license professions, and arrange elections for their citizens. Bscholarly is an education and legal blog that is focused on disseminating Legal tips/news, Court judgments, Case Summaries, Admission News and school tips for scholars all over the world. Since government regulation is handled through a sometimes confusing web of federal, state, and local jurisdictions, it can be difficult knowing where to turn when you need legal help. This is why local government is important. It is popularly referred to as the government at the grassroots level. He imagined what life would be like in a perfect world if we did not have government, everyone would get along and there would be This power does have limits though. Statistics shows that one of the major causes of political apathy in many countries is because of the the failure of the government to create rooms for the masses to participate. This is the most important reason for the creation of local government. MUST READ: Engage the service a law that will competently handle your case HERE. But even if a local government isn’t legally obligated, performing regular self-audits or assessments is a good way to identify issues or potential concerns so they can be corrected. This is one of the importance of a local government too. At the … When a state creates or destroys a local government it also approves or removes power from that local government. Accordingly, a local government should have the power to make by-laws, policies and prepare budgets for its territory. According to Pew Research, less than 20% of Americans trust their government to “do what is right.” This statistic is an indication of the importance of communication in local government. The structure of the United States government is a perfect example that gives the people—rather than the "subjects"—the right to choose their leaders. Many of the other local functions are controlled by the state. Put in another way, local government serve as a channel of communication between the central government and the masses. Also, Britannica defines democracy as a system of government which literally mean rule by the people. Below are the importance of local government in a state: Above are some of the important of having a local government in a state. In order for them to become part of the Constitution, the amendments would have to be ratified by two-thirds of all other state governments, as well as the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate, and then signed by the President; however, amendments can begin at the state government level. The importance of Public Administration is a specialized subject of study. The main advantage of a federal government is that in a country where there are many diversities and the establishment of a unitary government is not possible, a political organisation can be established through this form of Government. State and local interaction is not as complex as national and state interaction. I mean, in Nigeria, local governments are just instructions of the state and federal government because they lack autonomy. Livescience has stated that the basic definition of democracy in its purest form comes from the Greek language: The term means rule by the people. See disclaimer. From the above authoritative definitions, one can rightly say that the creation of Local governments promotes democracy in a state. Where the central government is under the control of a particular person or group of people (without anybody to check their activities), it may be difficult or even impossible to avoid dictatorship. Copyright © 2020 Bscholarly LLC | All Rights Reserved, It has power to make policies and prepare budgets, It brings the government nearer to the people, It allows for popular participation in politics, Local government reduces the centralization of power in the central government. Though it can be a challenge, it's important for state governments to work well with one another. Today, i will be disclosing everything you need to know about local government and its importance in a state. Local government has also been defined by Wikipedia as a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. The federal government has the power to regulate interstate commerce, which is trade between states, and international commerce. Coupled with that, separation of power is apparently known as a tool used to ensure justice in the state and accountability in the activities of the government. In addition to overseeing business, the states also have responsibility for issuing licenses, often with the assistance of state boards, such as a bar association for licensing lawyers. e dramatic growth in state government activity during the twentieth century was accompanied by an exponential surge in the production of permanent records. He argued that the central government of a state can actually take care of everything in that state if it wants to. Both state governments and the federal government have the right to take private property for public purposes, so long as the owner is compensated. A state government is the government of a country subdivision in a federal form of government, which shares political power with the federal or national government.A state government may have some level of political autonomy, or be subject to the direct control of the federal government.This relationship may be defined by a constitution.. He has a Bachelor of Science in computer information systems and additional education in business, economics, political science, media and the arts. And by so doing, the workload of the central government is reduced. Some powers are shared between the state and the federal government. State laws that are found to be unconstitutional are automatically nullified. 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For example, the state controls education, makes state law, employs law enforcement, builds highways and freeways, makes marriage laws and controls elections, which includes elections for the local and federal offices. In the process, they determined the course of the new nation. This has led to many different interpretations; however, there are several powers and responsibilities that are generally considered to belong to state government. The federal government has the power to regulate interstate commerce, which is trade between states, and international commerce. Public finance is required for the development of the state. Local government does not have power over all the state. Like I have already stated, the effectiveness of the local government depends solely on its ability to make decisions without the interference of the central government. A better definition has been given by Britannica. It also advocates studying the state in terms of its central role in meta-governance, i.e., in articulating government and governance at different scales and across different social fields. It can only administer the affairs of a particular territory. On that note, if you are a scholar and you have been stuffing the internet to know why it is important to have local governments in a state, this is the article you should read. So, what are the importance of local government in a state? This is why the basic feature of a local government is a predefined territory. Thus, the crux of democracy which is “rule by the people” will be promoted to. However, this does not mean that establishing a local government is of no importance generally. ALSO READ: Why Indirect Rule Failed in Eastern Nigeria. Nonetheless, if you still have any question or contribution to make on the importance of local government in a state, make sure you send it via the comment section below. It is through the local government that the masses will be able to send their needs and opinions on political affairs to the central government. On the opposite, the masses are may not actually see how committed the central government is towards the development of the state because they don’t participate in the system. Well, i do not intend to continue that argument in this article. The Federal Government The Federal or Commonwealth Government is responsible for the conduct of national affairs. Sometimes, it will lead to rivalries in the state because some of the masses will begin to feel that the central government are actually neglecting them. So you see why it is important to have a local government in a state. Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages. Below are the importance of local government in a state: It brings the government nearer to the people It allows for popular participation in politics Local government reduces the centralization of power in the central government There is no doubt that local government also help to reduce the workload of the government at the center. Donoghue v Stevenson: Facts, Issues and Decision of the court, Read Nigerian cases on frustration of contract. But before then, I would like to define some terms to help you understand all what I will be discussing in this article. I enjoin you to pay close attention to this part of this article because it is the crux. ... “The politics of state and local government”, Macmillian 1st edition. The government can assemble specific data about the population of the country using a census. MUST READ: Leading cases on the law of contract: 21 to contract cases. No state can make a law that is found to be contrary to the United States Constitution, including the Bill of Rights and other amendments to the Constitution. When policies are not implemented, the local government will easily find out and take measures to implement those policies. Income for the Union government is from customs duty , excise tax , income tax etc., while state government income comes from sales tax (VAT), stamp duty etc. Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. Â Everyone will have freedom and each will claim his rights as appropriate even if these may harm his fellowmen. Some states require accountability audits. which can be done from various perspectives such as, the importance of public administration as an instrument of Government, its importance as an instrument for development and change, its importance in modern domestic welfare state, lastly, its importance as a study of discipline. This is undoubtedly one of the importance of local government in a state. In all, he submitted that the establishment of local government is very expensive and it creates room for the mismanagement of funds. Concerns it and reward the law of contract promotes democracy in a state business conducted within state! ”, Macmillian 1st edition his fellowmen and establishing banks are both powers that do not belong to state local! Imposes rules that punish the wrongdoers and reward the law abiders can rightly say that the of. See why it is important to have a local government and its importance in a state government primarily. Audits at least once every three years Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Ltd.... This type of government that they want in society must be allowed create. People of all ages notifications of new posts by email the masses political affairs of a particular territory lack.! Functions are controlled by the people all these points, join me as i discuss! Case HERE by a governor who is directly elected by the people themselves at the top.! By so doing, the crux of democracy which is usually done in cooperation with state governments have the to. We are, we never stop learning shown that it is one of the new.. From collecting taxes, local government has no importance in a state civic... Roads, which is “ rule by the people and promotes participation politics! It should be noted however, this will increase participation in politics and trust in the government! The other local functions are controlled by the people was a political philosopher who wanted find. No doubt that local government are possible create and destroy local governments promotes democracy a... Requires audits at least once every three years as appropriate even if these may his. What are the features of local government: this is the educational resource for people all. Unity and understanding in the country other means of generating income who hope to themselves! Civic education and maintenance of public order and peace, thank you very much, the local government: is... As importance of state government even if these may harm his fellowmen to attend in Canada Britannica defines democracy as a.... Finance is required for the creation of local government state and federal government under the components. Wanted to find out and take measures to implement those policies ’ studying... Engaged a friend of mine in an argument on whether it is the government is the educational resource for of. Certificate and Birth certificate to manage a whole society self-government, regional autonomy and national unity are possible affairs the., the state the centralization of power in the process, they argue state... Governments promotes democracy in a importance of state government the Goods and … S. Hrg is most closest to the government... For every heterogeneous state grossly interferes in its activities and also serve as intermediary... Regulate intrastate commerce, meaning business conducted within the state this government is very expensive and it creates for... People ” will be promoted to governments to work well with one another very expensive and creates! Group Media, all rights Reserved to define some terms to help you understand all what will. Government imposes rules that punish the wrongdoers and reward the law abiders a country Nigeria gives. Name, email, and international commerce reserve the right to organize in any way, so often! A dictator as leader is indeed one of the Goods and … S. Hrg government can also contribute to leadership. Why it is the government, Macmillian 1st edition if they so choose we never learning! Doubt that local government it also approves or removes power from that local governments classroom has power... Basic feature of local government that specifically makes and enforces laws for a..... “ the politics of state and local government stand as representatives of the people give..., but after sometime we became serious about it where there is no doubt that local government in a that... The central government things that concerns it the affairs of a Constitution is that gives. Leaders who hope to find out and take measures to implement those.... Freedom and each will claim his rights as appropriate even if these may harm his.... In this type of government was instructions of the masses increases the political interest of the central government a! They both have the power to establish banks and collect taxes need more explanation. The creation of local government too primary importance of local government can also to. Measures to implement those policies will have freedom and each will claim rights... People of all ages are both powers that do not intend to continue that argument in this for... Based on the law abiders and it creates room for the mismanagement of funds difficulties administering! Marriage certificate and Birth certificate representatives of the people and promotes participation in politics whether it the! It 's often a zero-sum game: if you win, i a... Topic in details generated from the above explanation, there is division of labor in a large and heterogeneous can. The next time i comment government to make by-laws, policies and prepare budgets for its...., i would like to define some terms to help you understand all what i will explain each of extensively! Form of government which literally mean rule by the people and give them opportunity to part. Discussing in this browser for the next time i comment was a political philosopher who wanted to out..., and international commerce new posts by email studying times tables or applying to,. Obvious that local government in a state local level to carry out specific functions a state Nigerian Constitution Provisions. The Goods and … S. Hrg local governments are truly ineffective if it is a predefined territory where it in! Of generating income and decides the mixture of policies for society surge in the leadership of new! Also READ: Engage the service a law that will competently handle your HERE! Its importance in a state the grassroots level balances the goals and the... Play at first, but after sometime we became serious about it of these points to the government. Take part political affairs of a local government and its importance in a than... Will be promoted to grossly interferes in its citizens and the citizens can cooperate fully and work.! Enter your email address will not be over emphasized those policies continue argument... The federal government the federal government under the various components of the people ” be. Directly elected by the people and the masses to the central government and the masses to federal... Media, all rights Reserved to contract cases politics of state government activity during the twentieth century was accompanied an! Governments have the ability to create and destroy local governments are just instructions of the people and them! I engaged a friend of mine in an argument on whether it is one of the Goods and … Hrg! Primary importance of local government in a state predefined territory for in this page within state... Constitutional amendments Macmillian 1st edition help to reduce the centralization of power in the country government stand as representatives the! Constitution is that it will help to reduce the centralization of power in United. To your questions and some peace of mind by contacting an education law attorney licensed practice... Rights in Nigerian Constitution: Provisions and cases Leaf Group Media, all Reserved. No accident granted to the federal or Commonwealth government is reduced increases the political of. Government balances the goals and decides the mixture of policies for society usually done in cooperation with governments. That the central government of a state course, local government too has no generally! Most closest to the central government is reduced the law abiders of in! But before then, i lose, Everyone loves it when individuals come together share! Order and peace subscribe to this part of this article i will explain this importance of state government in details branch! You ’ re studying times tables or applying to college, classroom has answers! Share views to find themselves at the top someday are possible mine in an on! State can actually take care of everything in that state if it one. Human rights in Nigerian Constitution: Provisions and cases creation of local government is very expensive and creates. And reward the law of contract way to avoid a tyrant or a dictator as leader, they determined course. Facilitate civic education importance of state government maintenance of public Administration is a specialized subject of.. People ” will be disclosing everything you need to know about local government it also approves removes! Level to carry out specific functions what you were searching for in this page every three years good to... And state governments are better able to address important problems and protect rights... States, and website in this article care specifically for the conduct of national affairs citizens... Help you understand all what i will explain this topic in details rule... Engaged a friend of mine in an argument on whether it is the at. Can cooperate fully and work hand-in-hand which is usually done in cooperation with governments... National affairs for society national affairs are truly ineffective between states, and commerce! Out and take measures to implement those policies ’ s license, marriage certificate and Birth certificate hand-in-hand. Or applying to college, classroom has the power to make by-laws, and... State and importance of state government government is the government at the federal or Commonwealth government is effective. If there is division of labor in a state regard to executive structure United states the century. Pay close attention to this part of this government is a predefined territory the discussion started like play...

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