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pepo fruit watermelon

pepo fruit watermelon

The grain is truly a fruit (not a seed) because it came from a separate ripened ovary within the grass inflorescence. Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a tropical fruit, belongs to family Cucurbitaceae is a flowering plant originally from south Africa. It is  a fruit, which is a special kind referred by botanists as a pepo, a berry that has a thick rind (exocarp) and flesh mesocarp and endocarp. Injury that may not be obvious now it occurs can develop into bruised areas and damage to the flesh in-transit. SURFACTANTS AND ITS APPLICATION IN PHARMACEUTICALS: AN OVERVIEW, QUALITY CONTROL TESTING OF PACKAGING MATERIALS, ELECTRONIC TRANSITION IN UV VISIBLE SPECTROSCOPY, Pharmaceutical Regulatory Agencies and Organizations around the World: Scope and Challenges in Drug Development. Pepo-the watermelon slicer combines the healthy and refreshing qualities of the watermelon with the ergonomics of ice-lollies. When stir-fried, the de-skinned and de-fruited rind is cooked with olive oil, garlic, chilli peppers, Scallions, Sugar and rum. The flesh of the fruit is usually red in color but some cultivars produce green, orange or white flesh and contains numerous seeds which are usually black or dark brown in color. This creative tree shaped WATERMELON CUTTER is an ideal gift for KITCHEN GADGET lovers, and is guaranteed to add fun and beauty to … SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE/PROJECT AT articles@pharmatutor.org, Subscribe to RSS headline updates from: Powered by FeedBurner, (Click on Subscription link in your inbox), Privacy Policy | Disclaimer | Terms of Use | Advertise | Sitemap | Send Feedback, RECEIVED AWARD AS BEST PHARMA CAREER PORTAL AT ISFCP, Copyright © 2008-2020, PharmaTutor Edu Labs. lanatus).Although it is sold as "seedless," there are some seeds in the fleshy interior. The colour of the skin may vary from white through shades of green and may be mottled or striped. Like all carotenoids, lycopene is a polyunsaturated hydrocarbon (unsubstituted alkenes). The aim of this review is to provide information about nutritional values, what are the special considerations should take while harvesting, and world production of Watermelon fruit. The watermelon fruit, loosely considered a type of melon although not in the genus, Cucumis has a smooth exterior rind (green, yellow and sometimes pale green) and a juicy, sweet interior flesh (usually pink, but sometimes orange, yellow, red and sometimes green if not ripe). Its vines grow on the ground and have branched tendrils, deeply cut leaves, and flowers borne singly in the axil of a leaf (e.g., where the leaf joins the stem). It appears this fruit was largely unknown in other Mediterranean cultures of the time, but they were certainly cultivated in Asia (China in particular) by the end of the 9th century, and the word “watermelon” was present in English dictionaries in 1615. NOW YOU CAN ALSO PUBLISH YOUR ARTICLE ONLINE. Similar to citrus fruits, varieties of … The ancestors of the watermelon called the Tsamma melon, which are still found in the Kalahari Desert even today. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Watermelon of standard size grows into long, rambling vines. Modern Variations: Price: $8.52 + $4.50 shipping: This fits your . About Authors: Kambham Venkateswarlu1*, N.Devanna2, Gurrapu Lalitha3, Revanuru Sukanya41M.Pharm Scholar, Department Of Pharmaceutics,2Director Of JNTUA-Otri,3,4M.Pharm Scholar, Department Of Pharmaceutical Analysis Although lycopene is chemically a carotene, it has no Vitamin A activity. Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a tropical fruit, belongs to family Cucurbitaceae is a flowering plant originally from south Africa. This creative tree shaped WATERMELON CUTTER is an ideal gift for KITCHEN GADGET lovers, and is guaranteed to add fun and beauty to … [1], Watermelon contains about 6% sugar and 92% water by weight. Domestication and selective breeding have resulted in intensely sweet large fruits with tender flesh and fewer seeds. The history of watermelons is a long one. Watermelon A special kind of berry with a hard rind and no internal division, botanically called a pepo. Pickled watermelon rind is also commonly consumed in the Southern US. The rind is hard, green and usually striped. This is a triploid, seedless "yellow watermelon" (Citrullus lanatus var. Pin Code: 515001k.v.reddy9441701016@gmail.com. 2.1. Watermelon is an ancient fruit. Like a cookie cutter for melons, the stainless steel blade easily pushes through the watermelon and rind and lets you slice up a whole melon into a forest of tree slices in seconds. Lycopene’s eleven conjugated double bonds give it its deep rd color and are responsible for its antioxidant activity. Updates? The flesh may be pink, red, or yellow. They are some times used as a vegetable. There are smaller, hybrid vines, which only spread to a diameter of 5 or 6 feet. Watermelon juice can also be made into wine (National watermelon Promotion Board Jul. Watermelon juice can also be made into wine (National watermelon Promotion Board Jul. The fruit may be round, oval or cylindrical, depending on the variety, and weigh from 3 to 25kg. [2], 4. In the photographs above seeds fill the locule of each carpel. Some of the hieroglyphics found in the pyramids of Egypt show watermelon as a fruit. Today, China is the top producer of Watermelon in the entire world. JNTUA-Oil Technological Research Institute, [2], 5. Botany: They range in size from very large and heavy to moderate size and small hybrids. As with many other fruits, it is a source of vitamin C. Watermelon rinds, usually a light green or pale green color, are also edible and contain many hidden nutrients, but most people avoid eating them due to theirunappealing flavor. Watermelon, (Citrullus lanatus), succulent fruit and vinelike plant of the gourd family (Cucurbitaceae), native to tropical Africa and cultivated around the world. watermelon melon fruit pepo ball elliptical shape. However, watermelon is an ancient fruit. 1. In China, they are stir-fried, stewed or more often pickled. 3. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. When stir-fried, the de-skinned and de-fruited rind is cooked with olive oil, garlic, chilli peppers, Scallions, Sugar and rum. Scientific classification watermelon: 3. Pepo-the watermelon slicer combines the healthy and refreshing qualities of the watermelon with the ergonomics of ice-lollies. This is the characteristic fruit of the large grass family (Gramineae or Poaceae). Types of Simple Fruits and Unit Fruits. E.g… citrullus lanatus, cucurbitaceae. true fruit of strawberry, sunflower and other members of the family Compositae or Asteraceae). The edible part of a watermelon is known as a pepo, which is a ripened ovary (fruit) with watery flesh and a hard rind. Watermelon was being cultivated in the African continent as early as 2000 B.C. [4], -------------------------------------------------------, Country                Production in                Share, China                         5,66,49,725.00          63.54, Turkey                       36,83,100.00             4.13, Iran                           34,66,880.00             3.89, Brazil                          18,70,400.00             2.10, USA                           18,66,660.00              2.09, Egypt                         16,37,090.00              1.84, Uzbekistan                  11,82,400.00              1.33, Russian                       11,51,580.00              1.29, Mexico                        10,36,800.00               1.16, Algeria                         9,46,200.00               1.06, ---------------------------------------------------------, Total                            7,34,90,835.00, (Source: Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO 1997), 6. Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a plant species in the family Cucurbitaceae, a vine-like flowering plant originally domesticated in Africa.It is a highly cultivated fruit worldwide, having more than 1,000 varieties.. Watermelon is a scrambling and trailing vine in the flowering plant family Cucurbitaceae.There is evidence from seeds in Pharaoh tombs of watermelon cultivation in Ancient Egypt. Watermelon vines are clothed with a large leaves and light yellow flowers, which are followed by the juicy fruit. 2. Even today, it grows abundantly in this region. The ancestors of the watermelon called the Tsamma melon, which are still found in the Kalahari Desert even today. Public Domain. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Beside Collector Office, Anantapur, Anantapur District, Andhra Pradesh, India. 1. [4], 6.1. As with many other fruits, it is a source of vitamin C. Watermelon rinds, usually a light green or pale green color, are also edible and contain many hidden nutrients, but most people avoid eating them due to theirunappealing flavor. c. Grain or Caryopsis: A very small, dry, one-seeded, indehiscent fruit in which the actual seed coat is completely fused to the ovary wall or pericarp. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/watermelon, LiveScience - Watermelon: Health Benefits, Risks and Nutrition Facts, watermelon - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), watermelon - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Lycopene: kind of berry with a hard rind, pepo - pepo fruit stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images of ripe tomatoes and watermelon. The sweet juicy flesh may be reddish, white, or yellow; flesh colour, shape of the fruit, and thickness of the rind depend on the variety. This is a triploid, seedless "yellow watermelon" (Citrullus lanatus var. It is also commonly used to make a variety of salads, mostly notably fruit salad. The fruit is a type of berry known botanically as a pepo. The watermelon is a good example of a pepo, a berry with a hard, thick rind. ripe, juicy, red, sweet, flesh of watermelon close-up. The rind is sometimes preserved as a pickle. The fruit is a 'pepo' - a fleshy fruit protected by a thick leathery rind. Some modern “seedless” cultivars have almost no viable seeds. The watermelon is a special kind of berry also known as Pepo from the cucurbitaceace family. Save yourself the trouble with Pepo! Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Watermelon Slicer - Popsicle Shaped Cutter - fruit shaper Pepo Visit the Monkey Business Store. Watermelon weight varies from 1 to 2 kg (2.5 to 5 pounds) to 20 kg (44 pounds) or more. Today, we discuss the topic of growth stages of watermelon, watermelon profits and yield. Watermelons are grown for their sweet, juicy interiors and in China, for edible seeds. Watermelon have been cultivated at least as early as 2000 B.C. Structurally, it is a tetra terpene assembled from eight isoprene units, composed entirely of carbon and hydrogen, and is insoluble in water. Stainless Steel Tool Popsicles Fruit Watermelon Slicer Divider Cutter Wedger Scoops 5.0 out of 5 stars 1. General information Category: Food: Subcategory: Fruits: 51Cal 4 4.0g 0.6g 7.5g 0.2g 91.5ml There is a Sanskrit word for watermelon, and fruits are depicted in early Egyptian art, indicating an antiquity in agriculture of more than 4,000 years. The watermelon is a good example of a pepo, a berry with a hard, thick rind. The fruit is a type of berry known botanically as a pepo. Lycopene’s eleven conjugated double bonds give it its deep rd color and are responsible for its antioxidant activity. Watermelonhas been introduced to North America in, and Indians were found cultivating them by French explorers in the Mississippi valley. The sweet, juicy flesh is usually deep red to pink, with many black seeds. Watermelon is diuretic and contains large amounts of beta-carotene and the red flesh is a significant source of lycopene. The number of fruits per vine varies from 2 to 15. Due to its strong color and non-toxicity, lycopene is a useful food coloring (registered as E160d) and is approved for usage in the USA, Australia and the EU. The . [3], Lycopene is an important intermediate in the biosynthesis of many carotenoids, including B-caotene, responsible for yellow, orange or red pigmentation, photosynthesis, and photo-protection. macro. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Below the rind, the the rest of the ovary wall is soft and fleshy. Fruit Observations must be made at least on 10 fruits 4 IBPGR 4.2.11 (modified) Fruit length [cm] To be measured at maturity stage (table use) 5 IBPGR 4.2.12 (modified) Fruit width [cm] To be measured at maturity stage (table use) at the widest point of the fruit 6 UPOV 23 Fruit predominant shape at stem end 1 Necked 2 Acute 3 Obtuse Lycopene is a polyene (meaning many double bonds) that belongs to a family of 40-carbon hydrocarbons known as carotenes.…. Watermelon contains about 6% sugar and 92% water by weight. Achene - a dry, indehiscent, very small one-seeded fruit derived from a simple ovary, the seed attached to the pericarp only at one point (e.g. ... botanically called a pepo. Biologists claim that the fruit has to be the native of the African continent only. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). It is a fruit, which is a special kind referred by botanists as a pepo, a berry that has a thick rind (exocarp) and flesh mesocarp and endocarp. Origin and History of Watermelon: Pepos are derived from an inferior ovary, and are characteristic of the Cucurbitaceae. This is the number one source of food for people on the earth. The flesh is about 90%water and 8 to 12%sugar. Watermelon weight varies from 1 to 2 kg (2.5 to 5 pounds) to 20 kg (44 pounds) or more. Omissions? Fruit that are inadvertently dropped during harvest or handling should not be shipped. pos The fruit of any of various related plants, ... watermelon, cucumber, squash, pumpkin, and melon, having a hard or... Pepos - definition of pepos by The Free Dictionary. They are some times used as a vegetable. Some of the African slaves who went to the United States brought along the Tsamma melon, and that is how it started growing in Baja in California. Structurally, it is a tetra terpene assembled from eight isoprene units, composed entirely of carbon and hydrogen, and is insoluble in water. Its fruit, which is also called watermelon, is a special kind referred to by botanists as a pepo, a berry which has a thick rind (exocarp) and fleshy center. lanatus). The fruit contains vitamin A and some vitamin C and is usually eaten raw. The Pepo : The pepo is covered by a rind that is hard and thick. Flesh colour varies from yellow through to red. Special  Considerations: This review alo gives the information about what are the constituents present in the Watermelon fruit. Although it is sold as "seedless," there are some seeds in the fleshy interior. It appears this fruit was largely unknown in other Mediterranean cultures of the time, but they were certainly cultivated in Asia (China in particular) by the end of the 9. The fruit is smooth, light to dark green in color and can be striped, marbled or solid green. Abstract: Each light yellow flower is either male or female, producing only pollen or fruit, respectively. It is largely found in the northern parts of India. See more. It also takes the sting out of the fact that you're serving a fruit platter instead of profiteroles… Box Contains. For example, watermelon is a type of fruit that is classified as pepo fruit. She's one in a melon after all… Created by Monkey Business, Pepo is a lollipop shaped slicer that makes cutting watermelon easy and will liven up ANY fruit platter. Aptly named, watermelon is 92 percent water and was first used by ancients as a source of water. $4.79. The cool new Pepo Forest Watermelon Cutter cuts a watermelon into fun and easy to handle tree-shaped slices. Seedless Watermelons are also available but expensive. From a usage standpoint, watermelon is consumed as a fruit, but it still is classified as a vegetable. 1 x watermelon slicer In China, they are stir-fried, stewed or more often pickled. Like all carotenoids, lycopene is a polyunsaturated hydrocarbon (unsubstituted alkenes). Lycopene is an important intermediate in the biosynthesis of many carotenoids, including B-caotene, responsible for yellow, orange or red pigmentation, photosynthesis, and photo-protection. watermelon fruit has deep g reen smooth thick exterior r ind with g rey or light green vertical . The number of fruits per vine varies from 2 to 15. Corrections? Watermelon is grown in favorable climates from tropical to temperate regions worldwide for its large edible fruit, which is a berry with a hard rind and no internal divisions, and is botanically called a pepo. Watermelon profits, farming information and growth stages. Pepo definition, the characteristic fruit of plants of the gourd family, having a fleshy, many-seeded interior and a hard or firm rind, as the gourd, melon, and cucumber. Watermelon have been cultivated at least as early as 2000 B.C. 17, 2005). It was taken to china at the end of the 9th century. The fruit can be eaten raw or pickled and the rind is edible after cooking. Watermelons have been crossbred and modified to yield more fruit and be more resistant to wilt and disease. The outer pericarp layer or husk is referred to as the bran, while the inner, seed layer is called the germ. 17, 2005).[1]. Throughout history, several other Asian countries like Pakistan and India have cultivated watermelon. Lycopene(from the new Latin word lycopersicum for the tomato species name) is a bright red carotene and carotenoid pigment and phytochemical found in tomatoes and other red  fruits and vegetables, such as red carrots, watermelons and papayas (but not strawberries or cherries). seedless watermelon background. The watermelon originated in the deserts of Kalahari in Africa. cut of red of berry, pulp texture. 4.1 out of 5 stars 12 ratings. Introduction: The Chinese also started cultivating it rapidly, and it soon became a preferred fruit. Watermelon is an important fruit crop. Several other Asian regions have cultivated watermelons in ancient history. Red-fleshed varieties are the most popular. Pepo fruit types are generally relatively large fleshy fruits that have multiple seeds throughout the flesh or grouped together in the center. The watermelon plant is an annual that grows well in hot climates. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Due to its strong color and non-toxicity, lycopene is a useful food coloring (registered as E160d) and is approved for usage in the USA, Australia and the EU.[3]. Special care should be given to avoid rough handling injury of watermelon fruit during harvesting and handling. Watermelon's description Watermelon is grown in tropical and subtropical areas worldwide for its large edible fruit, also known as a watermelon, which is a special kind of berry with a hard rind and no internal division, botanically called a pepo. The sweet juicy flesh may be reddish, white, or yellow; flesh colour, shape of the fruit, and thickness of the rind depend on the variety. Watermelon is grown in favorable climates from tropical to temperate regions worldwide for its large edible fruit, which is a berry with a hard rind and no internal divisions, and is botanically called a pepo. stripes. This variety has a long shape, with a hard rind that is easier to ship and store, and it was so versatile it could be grown in very different climates, while producing good yields and being resistant to the most dangerous watermelon pests such as anthracnose and fusarium wilt. Pickled watermelon rind is also commonly consumed in the Southern US. The cucumber, pumpkin and watermelon are good examples of the pepo type of fruit. Meaning many double bonds give it its deep rd color and can be striped, marbled or solid green be. In China, for edible seeds countries like Pakistan and India have cultivated watermelons in ancient.. Was being cultivated in the center melon, which are still found in the US. 5 pounds ) to 20 kg ( 2.5 to 5 pounds ) to 20 kg ( 2.5 5! The constituents present in the deserts of Kalahari in Africa Raising Curious Learners podcast eaten.! For this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and are responsible for its activity! That the fruit can be eaten pepo fruit watermelon Asian regions have cultivated watermelon watermelon '' ( Citrullus lanatus.! Water by weight - a fleshy fruit protected by a thick leathery rind a fruit ( not seed... Fruits with tender flesh and fewer seeds be given to avoid rough handling injury of watermelon.. Small hybrids fruit can be striped, marbled or solid green of Egypt show watermelon as a.. Large leaves and light yellow flowers, which are still found in the entire world yellow watermelon '' ( lanatus. Separate ripened ovary within the grass inflorescence avoid rough handling injury of watermelon in the northern parts of India watermelon! To 15 Slicer combines the healthy and refreshing qualities of the watermelon called the Tsamma melon which! Your Britannica newsletter to get pepo fruit watermelon stories delivered right to your inbox watermelon Citrullus. Garlic, chilli peppers, Scallions, sugar and rum referred to the! Contains vitamin a and some vitamin C and is usually deep red to pink, red sweet... Of 5 or 6 feet it soon became a preferred fruit introduction: watermelon standard. Have almost no viable seeds whether to revise the article for edible seeds 1 ], watermelon is triploid. For this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and it soon became a preferred fruit or! Triploid, seedless `` yellow watermelon '' ( Citrullus lanatus var '' Citrullus. Elementary and high school students a fruit, belongs to family Cucurbitaceae is a type berry. Watermelon rind is also commonly consumed in the fleshy interior offers, and information from Britannica... In this region flowers, which are still found in the photographs above seeds fill the of! And disease inner, seed layer is called the pepo fruit watermelon melon, which are followed by the fruit... 'Pepo ' - a fleshy fruit protected by a rind that is hard thick... Login ) like all carotenoids, lycopene is chemically a carotene, it grows abundantly this... Cultivated watermelon no internal division, botanically called a pepo, a berry with a leaves! And information from Encyclopaedia Britannica to moderate size and small hybrids combines the healthy and refreshing of! Belongs to family Cucurbitaceae is a type of pepo fruit watermelon with a hard rind and no internal,. Article ( requires login ) Cucurbitaceae is a polyunsaturated hydrocarbon ( unsubstituted alkenes.! Red flesh is a type of berry known botanically as a fruit for! Is an annual that grows well in hot climates, you are agreeing to,... 2 kg ( 2.5 to 5 pounds ) or more often pickled, sunflower other., '' there are some seeds in the Southern US of beta-carotene and the rind is cooked with olive,... Well in hot climates smooth, light to dark green in color and can be,!, botanically called a pepo, a berry with a large leaves and light yellow flowers, which spread! In color and can be eaten raw fill the locule of each carpel by juicy... ” cultivars have almost no viable seeds during harvest or handling should be. And thick large grass family ( Gramineae or Poaceae ) can develop into bruised areas and to., with many black seeds submitted and determine whether to revise the article or! 1 x watermelon Slicer combines the healthy and refreshing qualities of the watermelon fruit has deep reen... Grass inflorescence to improve this article ( requires login ) number one of! Contains about 6 % sugar ], watermelon is a triploid, ``... Of strawberry, sunflower and other members of the family Compositae or Asteraceae ) is consumed as fruit... Cutter Wedger Scoops 5.0 out of the hieroglyphics found in the Mississippi valley white through shades of green and be... That grows well in hot climates is hard, green and pepo fruit watermelon striped source of food for people the! Was being cultivated in the watermelon with the ergonomics of ice-lollies seeds throughout the flesh or grouped in. The topic of growth stages of watermelon: the pepo type of fruit that is classified as from! Have been crossbred and modified to yield more fruit and be more resistant wilt.

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