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thebes vs sparta

thebes vs sparta

AC Odyssey Sparta vs Athens Guide – What You Should Know. Pericles transformed his Leonidas (c. 530-480 B.C.) Whoever controlled Thebes, could control the whole of Greece. Thebes was allied at the time with Athens, and Plataea was linked to Sparta. A Spartan army marches on Thebes as part of a punitive expedition. The Theban War: Sparta vs. Thebes. In -371, Thebes refuses to comply with the orders of Sparta, which denied them the right to rebuild the Boeotian confederacy. 11.6–8 ‘the land’ which Plataea gave to Athens was the area round the shrine of Androcrates. Then, when the Spartans backed a revolt on the island of Lesbos, which at the ti Before you make a decision about which political power deserves your undying loyalty and … Thebes was the largest city of the ancient region of Boeotia and was the leader of the Boeotian confederacy. Thebes was aggrieved to the point of facing Sparta in the Battle of Leuctra, which Sparta would lose, in 371 B.C. It was a major rival of ancient Athens, and sided with the Persians during the 480 BC invasion under Xerxes.Theban forces under the command of Epaminondas ended the power of Sparta at the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC. The Battle of Leuctra was one of the most important Greek-against-Greek battles. The Battle of Leuctra in 371 BCE gave Thebes a decisive victory over Sparta and established Thebes as the most powerful city-state in Greece.The victory was achieved through the daring and brilliant pre-meditated tactics of the Theban general Epaminondas who smashed the Spartan hoplites and put to rest the myth of invincibility that Sparta had enjoyed for centuries. Killing this envoy was seen as a betrayal, and both Athens and Sparta sent troops in response, breaking the peace that had defined the previous 15 years and setting the Peloponnesian War in motion. Spartan culture was centered on loyalty to the state and military service.

However, he failed, and fearing retaliation from the Persian king, Aristagoras encouraged the Greeks living throughout Ionia, the region on the southern coast of modern-day Turkey, to rebel against the Persian throne, which they did. Eventually, Sparta and the rest of the Greek city-states would be conquered and ruled by Philip of Macedon, and later, his son Alexander the Great. (1) ATHENS In Plu. Athens and Persia’s losses were minimal, but Sparta lost an entire fleet! In 424 BC at the head of the Boeotian levy they inflicted a severe defeat upon an invading force of Athenians at the Battle of Delium, and for the first time displayed the effects of that firm military organization which eventually raised them to predominant power in Greece. The southeast of Thebes bordered on the land of Attica, the possessions of Athens, and on the southwest began the isthmus on the peninsula Peloponnese, inhabited by many famous cities, the most famous of which was Sparta. In 394 BC, Athens and Persia’s 90 triremes defeated Sparta’s 85 triremes in the Battle of Cnidus. (2) This ended pretty much forever the Spartan control of Greece. The Spartan leader Lysander, the triumphant hero of the Peloponnesian War, died in this battle. Athens, with it's rebuilt military, allied itself with Thebes, and together, they defeated the Spartans in 371 BC. As a consequence of victory, not defeat, Sparta fell. The Spartans were left with considerable power after the Corinthian War, and by 385 BCE, just two years after peace had been brokered, they were once again working to expand their influence. In 395 BC, Thebes defeated Sparta in the Battle of Haliartus. The Thebans’ victory meant that Thebes was now independent of Sparta. At Leuctra, the Spartans are weaker in terms of points! Ancient Greek Thebes vs Sparta. The Sacred Band and their commander played a decisive part in the success of this battle by working as a separate entity and being able to respond quicker to events in the battle. They ally again with Sparta and that city imposes his views in Greek political life.

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